CAFFEINE ADDICTION

COFFEE GOOD OR BAD?

Coffee is a very popular beverage, the second most frequently consumed after water. Likewise, tea is a fundamental part of the diet of Asian countries and the U.K. and is becoming progressively more popular in Western countries. Chocolate is also widely consumed all over the world. The pleasure derived from the consumption of coffee, tea, and chocolate is accompanied by a whole range of effects on the brain, which may explain their attractiveness and side effects. Coffee, tea, and chocolate all contain methylxanthines, mainly caffeine, and a large part of their effects on the brain are the result of the presence of these substances.

Drinking coffee or anything which contain caffeine (black tea, green tea, etc.) triggers the release of the stress hormone – adrenaline. Adrenaline, however, is released in our body as a result of experiencing stressful or dangerous situations. It increases our abilities to fight or run when faced with a threat. This phenomenon can be very beneficial or even lifesaving when we actually our life is endangered, but it is very harmful when we boost adrenaline through caffeine or other methylxanthines while watching television, working on computer, reading a book or chatting with someone. Apart from that, since you don’t use this increased adrenalin to improve your physical abilities this powerful stress hormone will molest your brain making you hyper-aroused, agitated. You may even say something that normally you wouldn’t say because by boosting adrenalin caffeine will make your emotions overrun your behaviour. It reminds me a very interesting statement written over a hundred years ago Ellen White who suggested the coffee may increase peoples tendencies to gossip: “

It is true that there is an evidence that caffeine boosts energy for some time and may even improve cognitive functions of the brain (memory, concentration, etc.) in the short-term. Unfortunately, the studies which prove these benefits of caffeine do not take into consideration some very important participants’ caffeine habits. According to a new independent and much smarter research from Johns Hopkins Medical School the temporary improved mental performance stimulated by caffeine intake is just the result of a short-term reversal of caffeine withdrawal experienced by caffeine drinkers! It simply means that caffeine manage to temporarily boost cognitive functions of the brain only because coffee drinkers experience negative caffeine withdrawal symptoms. In other words, when you stop drinking coffee your cognitive performance is decreased causing a negative impact on your mood. So, as soon as you do drink coffee again, you start feeling better. In reality, caffeine is just taking your mental abilities back to normal for a short period of time.

Irritability and anxiety are the most commonly seen emotional effects of caffeine, but caffeine enables all of your emotions to take charge.

The negative effects of a caffeine-generated adrenaline surge are not just behavioral.

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University found that large doses of caffeine raise blood pressure, stimulate the heart, and produce rapid shallow breathing, which readers of Emotional Intelligence 2.0 know deprives the brain of the oxygen needed to keep your thinking calm and rational.

Caffeine has a six-hour half-life, which means it takes a full twenty-four hours to work its way out of your system. Have a cup of joe at eight a.m., and you’ll still have 25% of the caffeine in your body at eight p.m. Anything you drink after noon will still be at 50% strength at bedtime. Any caffeine in your bloodstream—with the negative effects increasing with the dose—makes it harder to fall asleep.

When you do finally fall asleep, the worst is yet to come. Caffeine disrupts the quality of your sleep by reducing rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, the deep sleep when your body recuperates and processes emotions. When caffeine disrupts your sleep, you wake up the next day with an emotional handicap. You’re naturally going to be inclined to grab a cup of coffee or an energy drink to try to make yourself feel better. The caffeine produces surges of adrenaline, which further your emotional handicap. Caffeine and lack of sleep leave you feeling tired in the afternoon, so you drink more caffeine, which leaves even more of it in your bloodstream at bedtime. Caffeine very quickly creates a vicious cycle.

WITHDRAWAL

Like any stimulant, caffeine is physiologically and psychologically addictive. If you do choose to lower your caffeine intake, you should do so slowly under the guidance of a qualified medical professional. The researchers at Johns Hopkins found that caffeine withdrawal causes headache, fatigue, sleepiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people report feeling flu-like symptoms, depression, and anxiety after reducing intake by as little as one cup a day. Slowly tapering your caffeine dosage each day can greatly reduce these withdrawal symptoms.

Caffeine does not, by itself, make you a super productive, super fast, super talky jitter machine.  That venti Café Americano is not the sole reason you’re able to cram 6 hours of work into 45 minutes, or that you’re shockingly charming between the hours of 8 to 11 am.

What caffeine does do is one heck of an impersonation. In your brain, caffeine is the quintessential mimic of a neurochemical called adenosine. Adenosine is produced by neurons throughout the day as they fire, and as more of it is produced, the more your nervous system ratchets down.

Your nervous system monitors adenosine levels through receptors, particularly the A1 receptor that is found in your brain and throughout your body. As the chemical passes through the receptors, your adenosine tab increases until your nervous system pays it off by putting you to sleep.

The researchers aren’t sure why caffeine might keep depression at bay. “We know that caffeine enters the brain and activates the release of different neurotransmitters that are related to mood, like dopamine and serotonin,” Dr. Ascherio said. “That may explain the shorter-term effects on mood. But the long-term mechanisms of caffeine intake on mood we don’t really know.”

CAFFEINE

Dr. Agatha Thrash

Our national drink is a caffeinated beverage: tea, coffee or colas. Caffeine is also present in chocolate. caffeine has many pharmacologic actions in the body, including excitation of the nerves followed by a sort of paralysis or depression. The stomach and bladder are irritated by caffeine and there is widespread interference in various enzyme systems, damage to the chromosomes of the sex cells and other body cells, and many other unwanted actions.

Just as we have a national drink, we also have a national disease–heart disease–which will account for 53% of the deaths in America this year. Heart disease shows a stronger association with coffee drinking than with obesity according to a study done by Dr. Ogelsby Paul of Western Electric Corporation (1). Caffeinism is much more important and widespread a disorder than is generally understood. The disease related to caffeine intake involves every organ system, from the nervous system to the skin. Caffeine raises stress hormone levels in the blood, inhibits important enzyme systems having to do with house cleaning in the body, sensitizes nerve reception sites, and is associated with a sense of poor health, anxiety, and depression (2,3).

Thousands are in mental institutions today because of no greater matter than that of the use of caffeine. Psychiatrists are now publishing articles indicating that there are numerous cases of depression and anxiety in mental institutions who need no other treatment than to be taken off caffeine (4,5). It would seem that with such a simple remedy available many thousands of people could be returned to their full usefulness promptly.

However, the use of caffeine is so traditional and firmly entrenched that it is almost impossible to remove caffeinated drinks from the dietary of patients in the mental institutions. Soft drink machines, coffee dispensers, and the traditional coffee break are common past times in mental institutions, and with those who are mentally ill at home. The first thing that a physician usually mentions to a peptic ulcer patient is that he must leave off caffeinated drinks. Not only peptic ulcer but several other kinds of digestive problems arise from the use of coffee.

Many people find that caffeine drinks cause them to suffer diarrhea followed by constipation. Headaches are common among caffeine users, and often clear up after only a short period of caffeine abstinence–a week or two. Headaches may occur as a caffeine-withdrawal symptom; some people are so sensitive that they get a headache soon after drinking their last cup.

Damage to chromosomes by caffeine has been recognized for years. When LSD was reported to cause chromosomal damage, authorities did not work up much anxiety, because of the fact that LSD is not as potent in producing damage to chromosomes as is caffeine, the drug to which most of our population is addicted. One might ask, “Is such a common habit a real threat to the population-” It certainly is. A study done in Illinois with 550 couples showed a thirteen out of fourteen chance of having an unwanted outcome of pregnancy if as much as seven cups of coffee per day are taken by the pregnant (6). Long before seven cups had been consumed, coffee was beginning to injure the pregnancy. Those who want good babies and easy pregnancies should use absolutely no caffeine before, during or after pregnancy, since caffeine can damage the chromosomes of the ova and spermatozoa, as well as the chromosomes of the developing embryo during pregnancy.

Any substance that can damage chromosomes can also cause an increase in the rate of cancer. Bladder cancer in women is 2 1/2 times more likely to occur if a woman drinks only one cup of coffee per day (7). There are already several cancers that are known to be more common if one uses caffeine.

Since caffeine first stimulates the nerves than causes depression, presence of fatigue in those who use caffeinated drinks is common. It is a fact that the commonest complaint in physicians’ offices today is that of fatigue. Yet, many people mistakenly believe that coffee helps them get through a difficult day. In addition to fatigue, mental confusion and depression also result from the use of caffeinated drinks. While caffeine drinks cause an immediate increase in the learning ability, the overall result is a decrease in learning; the physical fatigue resulting from pharinacologic depression of the nervous system produces emotional depression, leading to a reduction of interest in and retention of new material.

We recommend that all students leave off caffeinated drinks in order to increase learning ability. If caffeine is taken at night, it interferes with the mechanism the brain has of transferring freshly learned material from the short-term memory to the long-term memory. In summary, we can say that the overall effect of caffeine on learning is deleterious.

  1. Science Digest, October, 1963
  1. Greden, John F. M.D. et al. Anxiety and Depression Associated with Caffeinism Among Psychiatric Inpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:8, Aug 1978.
  1. Bellet, Samuel. Effects of Coffee Ingestion on Catecholamine Release.
  1. Winstead, Daniel K. M.D. Coffee Consumption Among Psychiatric Inpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:12, December, 1976.
  1. Greden, John F. M.D. Anxiety of Caffeinism: A diagnostic dilemma. American Journal of Psychiatry 131:10, October, 1974.
  1. Miscarriage and the Coffee Connection. Science News October 25, 1975 page 267.
  1. The Medical Effects of Coffee. Medical World News January 26, 1976 page 63-73.

CAFFEINE

Although caffeine consumption is a common habit, it may also be at the root of many common health problems. Caffeine is present in coffee, teas, soft drinks, and chocolate. Caffeine consumption affects every organ system, from the nervous system to the skin. Caffeine raises stress hormone levels in the blood, inhibits important enzyme systems having to do with house cleaning in the body, sensitizes nerve reception sites, and is associated with a sense of poor health, anxiety, and depression.

The following are health problems associated with caffeine consumption:

1. Caffeine may contribute to many digestive problems. It irritates the stomach and bladder. Peptic ulcer patients should avoid beverages containing caffeine. Many people also find that caffeine drinks cause them to suffer diarrhea followed by constipation.
2. Headaches are common among caffeine users and often clear up after short periods of caffeine abstinence (one to two weeks). Headaches may also occur as a symptom of caffeine withdrawal. Some individuals are so sensitive that headaches develop soon after drinking their last cup of coffee.
3. Drinking coffee has been shown to have deleterious effects on the developing fetus. Studies have suggested that seven cups of coffee per day may produce unwanted outcomes of pregnancy. Caffeine can damage the chromosomes of sex cells and the chromosomes of the developing embryo during pregnancy.
4. Substances that can damage chromosomes can also cause an increase in the rate of cancer. Bladder cancer in women is 2 1/2 times more likely to occur if a woman drinks only one cup of coffee per day.3
5. Physical and mental fatigue is common after drinking caffeinated beverages. Caffeine first stimulates the nerves than causes depression. A common complaint in physicians’ offices today is fatigue. Yet, many people mistakenly believe that coffee helps them get through a difficult day.

In addition to fatigue, mental confusion and depression also result from the use of caffeinated drinks. While caffeinated drinks cause an immediate increase in the learning ability, the overall result is a decrease in learning. The physical fatigue resulting from pharmacologic depression of the nervous system produces emotional depression, leading to a reduction of interest in and retention of new material.

Students are recommended to avoid caffeinated drinks in order to increase learning ability. If caffeine is taken at night, it interferes with the mechanism the brain has of transferring freshly learned material from short-term memory to long-term memory.

6. Heart disease may have a stronger association with coffee drinking than with obesity, according to a study by Dr. Ogelsby Paul of Western Electric Corporation.4
7. Some studies have suggested a link between caffeine consumption and mental disorders. Cases of depression and anxiety in mental institutions that are treated by eliminating caffeine from the diet have been reported.5, 6

References:

1. Greden, John F. M.D. et al. Anxiety and Depression Associated with Caffeinism Among Psychiatric Inpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:8, Aug 1978.
2. Bellet, Samuel. Effects of Coffee Ingestion on Catecholamine Release.
3. The Medical Effects of Coffee. Medical World News, January 26, 1976.
4. Science Digest, October, 1963.
5. Winstead, Daniel K. M.D. Coffee Consumption Among Psychiatric Inpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:12, December, 1976.
6. Greden, John F. M.D. Anxiety of Caffeinism: A diagnostic dilemma. American Journal of Psychiatry 131:10, October, 1974.

BY ANDREW NELSON

CAFFEINE SEEMS TO BE everywhere in our modern world. Coffee, tea, sodas, energy drinks, hot chocolate, and medicines all contain caffeine (see Table 1). On the surface they seem harmless. Who doesn’t eat chocolate every once in a while? Coffee establishments are flourishing as customers order cups of coffee, espresso, and other drinks. Drinking coffee often sets the scene for social gatherings. Many people driving late at night stop for that cup of coffee to keep them awake. Students who stay up all night studying may get that espresso to gain a few more hours of study.

It’s hard to argue that falling to sleep at the wheel, failing a test, or appearing unfriendly is the better alternative. However, does caffeine have a positive influence on our mind, or does it actually impair our mind? In addition, might caffeine just be adding “fuel to the fire”?

Current Research on Caffeine

Researchers have studied caffeine in some depth because of its widespread use and its apparent action to increase energy and stimulate the brain. Studies on caffeine’s influence on the mind don’t agree with one another.1 While some studies claim caffeine doesn’t affect thought processes, other studies claim caffeine either improves or impairs certain aspects of our mind.

Two terms that need to be defined are “acute” caffeine use and “chronic” caffeine use. Acute caffeine use means that a person who normally ingests only minimal amounts of caffeine ingests a moderate to high dose of caffeine on certain occasions. Chronic caffeine use means that a person who normally ingests moderate to high amounts of caffeine continues in the moderate to high use.

One particular study that controlled confounding variables better than other studies in chronic and acute use of caffeine revealed interesting results.2 With acute use, caffeine increased attention and awareness at the expense of anxiety and a “post-use crash.” Chronic caffeine use actually decreased attention and energy. With repeated caffeine ingestion, tolerance developed. This makes it easy for people to “need” caffeine to feel normal, and thus it becomes a habit. Caffeine withdrawal symptoms such as headache and sleepiness may occur, along with decreased mental performance.

High levels of caffeine can be harmful to people. Caffeine toxicity produces signs of “caffeinism,” meaning vomiting, abdominal pain, agitation, altered level of consciousness, muscle stiffness, seizures, and various cardiovascular effects. These problems may occur if a person who uses minimal amounts of caffeine on a regular basis takes between 15 and 20 cups of coffee in a few hours, although the amount varies among individuals.3

Caffeine is also being studied for medical application. Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and magnetic resonance imaging are potential beneficiaries of caffeine research. In addition, many headache medicines contain caffeine as an agent that constricts blood vessels to decrease headaches. While caffeine is being considered in medicine, it is recommended that modified chemicals that do not have the properties of tolerance and other negative side effects that caffeine exhibits should be found and used instead of caffeine.

Ellen White’s Comments

Ellen White discussed coffee and tea rather than caffeine. The word “coffee” appears 549 times, and “tea” 586 times; coffee and tea are used together 515 times.4 She does not talk about chocolate or cola.

Ellen White discussed the effect of caffeine on the mind, saying that it decreases brain activity, although it temporarily excites and increases energy with acute caffeine use. Furthermore, she realized the problem with chronic use. She said this about coffee and tea: “Tea has an influence to excite the nerves, and coffee benumbs the brain; both are highly injurious. You should be careful of your diet.”5

On several occasions Ellen White drank green or black tea when she was sick. But other than these rare exceptions she did not drink coffee or caffeinated tea, or keep it in her house.6 She occasionally used catnip, red clover blossom, hop, and beef tea–all noncaffeinated drinks.

Although Ellen White did not have the benefit of the scientific knowledge now available, she concluded that coffee and tea impair the functioning of the mind and should be taken only rarely, for medicinal purposes on a short-term basis. She also discussed how harmful caffeine is on our mind and related it to our spiritual lives. Writing in the Review and Herald, she said of coffee and tea, “Those nerve irritants are wearing away the life forces, and the restlessness caused by shattered nerves, the impatience, the mental feebleness, becomes a warning element against spiritual progress.”7 Truly, when the mind is clouded, our spiritual lives will also be impaired.

White’s writings indicate that people should drink coffee and tea only for rare medicinal purposes. Medical knowledge has increased, and many more medicines are now available for treatment. In addition, coffee and tea are not necessary today because many medicines that do not cause anxiety, tolerance, post-use crash, or the potential for addiction are available.

Practical Suggestions

  1. Be aware of foods and drinks that contain caffeine, and limit your intake.
  1. Be careful not to embrace any medicine with large amounts of caffeine in it. Is there a safer medicine available?
  1. If drinking coffee has become a habit so that you need it to wake up in the morning, try tapering off until it is no longer needed.

As some people enjoy the smell and taste of coffee, decaffeinated coffee has become popular. For coffee to be labeled decaffeinated, more than 97 percent of the caffeine must be removed. Many decaffeinated coffees, however, are 99.7 percent free. Some tea labels give a good comparison of the amount of caffeine in various drinks and foods.

  1. Plan ahead. For driving trips, allow extra time to get to your destination so you can stop for a while if you need to rest. For study strategies, instead of allowing desperate situations to arise that necessitate prolonged wakefulness, prepare for your test all term. (I know–who doesn’t plan to do that!) If this is done, however, instead of needing to stay awake the night prior to the test, you can get a good night’s sleep and not only pass the test, but get one of the highest grades!
  1. If you’re meeting with a group of friends at Starbucks and don’t want to appear rude, get a low-caffeinated drink–or even politely say that you don’t drink coffee.

Conclusion

Because the mind and conscience are intimately related, Ellen White was concerned about how caffeine may affect us spiritually. The apostle Paul gives us this vision: “Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God–this is your spiritual act of worship. Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is–his good, pleasing and perfect will.”8

What a wonderful vision Paul gives us about what we can be as we understand God’s will for our lives! When we consider how we may better serve God and others through changes in all areas of our lifestyle–be it through less caffeine, better nutrition, exercise, or devotions, to name a few–following God’s plan is a real joy.

1 Eddy M. Elmer, “The use of stimulant

substances by college students to enhance academic performance–a subtle form of cheating?” (Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, November 2002).

2 Jack E. James, “Acute and chronic effects of caffeine on performance mood, headache, and sleep,” Neuropsychobiology 38 (1998): 32-41.

3 Goldfrank’s toxicologic emergencies, sixth ed. (Stamford, Conn.: Appleton and Lange, 1998), pp. 555-562.

4 CD Library: The Complete Published Ellen G. White Writings (Ellen G. White Estate, Inc., 1998).

5 Ellen G. White, Testimonies for the Church (Mountain View, Calif.: Pacific Press Pub. Assn., 1948), vol. 4, p. 365.

6 White, Selected Messages (Washington, D.C.: Review and Herald Pub. Assn., 1958), book 2, pp. 301, 302.

7 Apr. 19, 1887.

8 Rom. 12:1, 2, NIV.

Andrew Nelson is a medical student at Loma Linda University, expecting to receive his M.D. degree in May. This article was authored under the supervision of Robert J. Cruise, Ph.D., director and professor of research at La Sierra University and member of the Loma Linda University research staff, and Elissa Kido, Ed.D., dean of the School of Education at La Sierra University.

CAFFEINE (from Hallelujah Diet)

The last of the killer foods on my hit list is caffeine. Caffeine is found in coffee, soda pop, chocolate, and certain types of tea. People say, “Well, certainly there’s nothing wrong with that!” My friends,  caffeine  is  the  Christian  drug!  I  was  in  a  big  church  in Ohio,  making  fun  of  a  little  church  I’d  visited  the  week  before because it had coffee pots in all its adult Sunday school classes. I was  poking  fun,  but  no  one  was  laughing!  I  learned  later  that they had coffee pots in all their adult Sunday school classes too!

But  if  you  don’t  think  caffeine  is  addictive,  just  go  off  caffeine “cold  turkey”  tomorrow  morning  and  wait  for  the  withdrawal headaches you’ll experience. Why does caffeine have a stimulating effect upon the body? Why does it keep the truck driver awake on the road? Why does it make you sleepless if you drink it too close to bedtime? First, you  should  know  that  when  you  consume  caffeine,  your  body will make every effort to reject it and repulse it as quickly as possible. Your blood vessels constrict, making your heart beat faster, causing adrenalin to pour into your system to deal with the fake “emergency” that’s been created by the introduction of this foreign stimulant.

The continual presence of unspent adrenaline causes chronic stress,  with  symptoms  like  nervousness,  irritability,  insomnia, and  depression.  Caffeine  is  a  toxic  poison  that  will  damage  the lining to your stomach and cause damage to your liver and kidneys. It will constrict arteries and contribute to heart attack and stroke, and it is also suspected of causing various kinds of cancer, as well as birth defects. Caffeine’s acidity causes leeching of calcium from bone mass, which contributes greatly to osteoporosis.

The  soft  drink  industry  has  grabbed  hold  of  the  addictive stimulant effect of caffeine. They’ve already got 11 teaspoons of sugar  in  every  12-ounce  can!  Sugar  itself  is  an  addictive  drug. But now they’ve added caffeine to most of the carbonated drinks as well, so you get a double whammy. And while we’re on the subject—if you think that diet sodas are less harmful than sug- ared, you’d better check it out. They are actually more harmful. When you go into a restaurant you will often find little packets  of  sweetener  at  the  table,  including  a  pink  one.  Up  until recently,  you  would  have  found,  in  tiny  red  print  against  the pink background—“Warning! This product may be harmful to your health! It has been known to cause cancer among laboratory animals.”

But  recently,  I  see  the  manufacturers  have  been  allowed  to remove this warning. Science simply cannot improve on natural foods  while  working  in  the  laboratory—all  they  can  do  is  get FDA approval  for  their  science  experiments  and  then  sell  their toxic chemicals to willing human guinea pigs who believe it to be food.

Remember, anything that is not real food is treated as a toxic poison by the body. Your body will try eliminating it through the lymphatic system. And if it cannot, it will store it somewhere in the body. So  if  we  want  to  have  a  healthy  body  and  experience  true health the way God designed it, we must also eliminate this suspect among the killer foods in our diet. Now  that  you’ve  made  the  decision  that  you  want  to  get well, the first thing you must do is stop putting into your body the things that are creating the problems. Stop putting in the animal products that clog up your system. Stop putting in the sugar products that compromise your immune system. Stop putting in the white flour that gums up your digestive system while providing no fiber or real nutrition. Cut back drastically on your salt; it hardens  your  arteries  and  increases  your  blood  pressure.  And stop depending on caffeinated beverages for energy, which rattle your nerves while depleting your calcium.

Then, once you’ve made the decision to stop injuring yourself  internally,  take  positive  steps  to  start  putting  in  the  things that will rebuild your body. Start putting in the raw fruits, vegetables,  and  juices.  Start  eating  whole  foods,  with  all  the  parts God designed them to contain. Learn new ways to prepare and cook  your  foods—yes,  you  heard  me  correctly…cook  your  foods!

You may be asking, “After all you’ve said about living foods, you now  say  it’s  okay  to  cook them?”  Absolutely—to  a  degree.  The Hallelujah  Diet has  been  designed  to  allow  you  to  still  enjoy  a good portion of cooked, whole foods. Remember, the ideal ratio for cooked food in your diet should be about 15 percent. That’s for the soul. It makes it easier for the mind to accept the idea to begin  with,  and  not  to  grieve  the  loss  of  your  traditional favorites.

I  used  to  teach  all  raw,  and  people  were  cheating,  feeling guilty  about  it,  and  then  falling  away  altogether.  So  we  started adding a little cooked food at the end of the evening meal. And we started getting the same, if not better results than the 100-percent raw diet we had previously been teaching. Eventually, you’ll find that these new ratios and food groupings  come  quite  naturally.  You’ll  be  pleasantly  surprised  to  see how an assortment of salads, raw main dishes, cold soups, and other uncooked dishes quickly fill up the majority of one’s plate and appetite. And you needn’t lose your sense of the good, old home-cooking aromas and delicious flavors that you’ve grown to love. Many followers of The Hallelujah Diet have learned ways of doctoring up some of their old family favorites, by substituting healthier ingredients for the old standards. So, The Hallelujah Diet is not all raw; it’s an 85-percent raw, 15-percent  cooked  diet,  with  lots  of  fresh  juices.  This  is  where we’re seeing the most marvelous results—and you will too! The  Mayo  Clinic  found  that  major  life  events—unemployment, health problems, divorce—and even the daily grind of life in general,  might  trigger  emotional  eating.  Their  research  indicated that some foods might have addictive qualities—foods that have satisfaction-elevating opiates, like chocolate. It appears that some sweet  and  fatty  foods  might  actually  relieve  anxiety.

Excerpt from Dr. Neil Nedley’s, Proof Positive, in the Chapter: The Frontal Lobe: The Crown of the Brain.

Caffeine impinges on the brain’s communication system in a number of ways.  In exploring these relationships, we need to recall that brain cells talk to one another through chemical interchanges.  Nerve cells release chemicals called neurotransmitters (or “chemical messengers”) that are picked up by neighboring cells.  These neurotransmitters then cause changes to occur in the cell that receives them.  Some neurotransmitters cause stimulation of the recipient nerve cell, while others cause depression.  Caffeine’s widespread influence focuses primarily on its ability to affect the levels of two transmitters: acetylcholine and adenosine. Caffeine disrupts the brain chemistry by increasing the level of acetylcholine and interfering with the transmission of adenosine.  Thus, caffeine upsets the delicate balance of nerve transmission in the brain, which may have devastating consequences.  Adenosine tones down (or puts the brakes on) many aspects of brain nerve transmission.  But caffeine weakens its power to do its work, thus allowing artificial stimulation of the brain from the caffeine.

To a lay person, adenosine may seem like a “bad guy.”  After all, who wants to depress their brain transmission?  Perhaps we can see this issue more clearly by looking at an analogy: the importance of good brakes on an automobile.  You do not get into your automobile to stop—you get into it to go somewhere.  However, you would not feel comfortable driving a car that did not have the capacity to stop.  Good brakes are essential—especially on a vehicle designed to go.  Similarly, neurotransmitters like adenosine that have a large role in “putting the brakes on” are very important for balance in the brain. There are serious concerns in the psychiatric literature about caffeine’s role in “unbalancing” the mind.  Caffeine has been linked with anxiety, anxiety neurosis, psychosis (a state where a person loses touch with reality), and schizophrenia, the so-called “split personality” disorder.46  Other researchers add to this list caffeine-induced delirium and anorexia nervosa.47

A third neurotransmitter called dopamine also rises when you drink a caffeine beverage.48, 49

This is extremely worrisome.  Some of the most profound psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia appear to be due in part to excess amounts of dopamine.  In fact, standard drug therapy for these serious mental disorders involves the use of dopamine-blocking agents. 50  Consequently, it does not seem surprising that caffeine—an agent that raises dopamine levels—increases the risk of certain mental illnesses, even though it may appear harmless on the surface.

Other psychiatric diseases—with profound frontal lobe effects—may result from the unbalancing of brain communications by caffeine.  This is particularly true of depression. Decreased frontal lobe function and blood flow appear to be a characteristic of depression.51, 52 Research indicates that these changes may be partly related to dopamine levels in the frontal lobe.53  Recognizing that caffeine counteracts adenosine’s role in providing good blood flow to the brain and unbalances dopamine physiology, we would naturally wonder if there was a link between caffeine use and depression.

The internationally acclaimed Norwegian research project known as the Tromso heart study has provided at least a partial answer.  The Scandinavian researchers assessed 143,000 men and women and found a significant increase in depression in women who were heavy coffee users (but not in men who used similar amounts of coffee).  The findings are shown in Figure 15: Coffee Consumption and Mental Problems.54

In addition to the link with depression, women who used more coffee also had more problems coping with stress.  The reason why these effects did not show up in the men is not clear.  It may indicate that women are more susceptible to caffeine, or it may reflect caffeine’s exploitation of a greater female predisposition to depression.

The Brain’s Adjustment to Caffeine Creates Dependency

If caffeine is so good for us, as some lay people (and even some scientists) would like us to believe, it is interesting to note that the brain puts forth great effort to try to undo the effects of this popular legal drug.  Under a situation of chronic exposure to caffeine, the brain tries to compensate in at least two ways.  First, it decreases its production of acetylcholine, as previously stated.55  This appears to be a way to lessen the impact of the increased acetylcholine levels brought on by caffeine.  Second, the brain increases its number of adenosine receptors.56  This is likely a response to give adenosine more of a voice in brain communication—in spite of caffeine blocking its role to some extent.  Unfortunately, these brain changes contribute to caffeine dependency.  Thus, brain structure and function have changed and consequently the brain actually comes to expect caffeine in its environment.  This is one of the reasons why coffee users are so committed to their morning brew.  If they do not get their caffeine, they feel that they are running at less than half-throttle.  Even more so, if coffee users stop using the beverage, they are likely to develop withdrawal symptoms such as headache in addition to fatigue.

Many have wondered why headaches occur during caffeine withdrawal.  The answer probably resides with either adenosine or acetylcholine or both of these transmitters.  One of the important functions of adenosine (that is blocked in part by caffeine) is relaxation or dilation of blood vessels—particularly those in the heart and brain.  During periods of habitual caffeine consumption, the brain increases the numbers of adenosine receptors in an attempt to give adenosine a more normal role in light of caffeine’s competition.  Once caffeine is removed, however, this increased number of receptors is still there for a short time.  The now unopposed action of adenosine causes marked blood vessel relaxation.  With relaxed blood vessels to the brain, there is an increase in blood flow, and thus brain congestion.  Many attribute the caffeine withdrawal headache to this mechanism.  Interestingly, the brain’s attempt to deal with caffeine-induced ACh changes, may also predispose to caffeine withdrawal headaches.

The quick “remedy” for caffeine withdrawal headaches is ingesting coffee, caffeinated soda pop, or one of the many over-the-counter headache pills that contain caffeine.  However, none of these options is as good as “toughing out” the withdrawal.  Usually, within a day or two, the brain adjusts to a normal internal environment without caffeine; the headaches will be gone; and the brain will be well on its way to better chemical balance.  However, I have had a few patients that had severe headaches for up to two weeks after caffeine withdrawal.  In these cases, there may have been an underlying tendency to headaches that was triggered by caffeine withdrawal.

In practical terms, caffeine’s brain chemistry disruption sets the stage for more than just caffeine withdrawal problems and the frank psychiatric illnesses that we have already mentioned.  It may also weaken physical and mental performance in those who have no psychiatric symptoms and are not undergoing withdrawal.  Caffeine’s effects on worsening performance have been documented.  Although the drug tends to help people do simple tasks more quickly, there is evidence that it is “disruptive on more complex tasks of motor reaction time and fine motor coordination.”57  The decreased production of acetylcholine that results from regular caffeine use, may also play a role.58  Researchers consistently find that a decrease in brain acetylcholine is associated with impaired mental functioning.59, 60  Furthermore, despite common lore, the authors of an extensive medical review on caffeine found no evidence that this drug helped to improve intellectual capacity.61  A summary of some of the effects of caffeine on the brain is listed in Figure 16: Caffeine Impairs the Brain Eight Ways.

It comes as no surprise that caffeine interferes with sleep.  Caffeine consumed within an hour of bedtime makes it harder to fall asleep, decreases the total amount of time slept, and significantly worsens sleep quality.62  Specifically, caffeine decreases the deepest, most restorative stages of sleep (stages 3 and 4).  Perhaps more surprising is that excessive amounts of caffeine can cause severe brain problems, including seizures.63  There are also descriptions of human fatalities due to caffeine.64

I would be negligent not to mention that caffeine has a host of effects that may indirectly affect frontal lobe function.  By inducing disease and both physical and psychological stress due to those conditions, the frontal lobe can suffer further under caffeine’s woeful rule.  Some of the other health consequences of caffeine use are listed in Figure 17: Other Potential Problems with Caffeine.65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72

Although some of these effects are controversial (with some studies finding a caffeine link, but others not), we must ask ourselves if it is worth taking chances with caffeine when we have already discovered so many other problems with it.

Note:   This  above information is an excerpt from Dr. Neil Nedley’s, Proof Positive, in the Chapter: The Frontal Lobe: The Crown of the Brain.

Dr. Neil Nedley

This article is adapted from the book Depression: The Way Out by Dr. Neil Nedley.

I continue to marvel that many patients who struggle with stress and anxiety have not yet made a break with caffeine. Due to society’s acceptance of this drug, the issue is worth belabouring. The message needs to be heard—caffeine directly raises stress hormones. The American Psychiatric Association says caffeine-induced disorders [of coffee drinkers] may be characterized by panic attack symptoms that resemble primary mental disorders.i Perhaps the greatest irony is that individuals may actually use caffeine to treat the result of stress-related problems.

A wake-up cup of coffee may seem vital to a person struggling with stress-induced insomnia, yet the caffeine may be part of what is keeping the person up that night. I challenge every one of you who drinks caffeine to enjoy two weeks of caffeine-free living. Many who have tried it are amazed at the increased quality of their lives and become convinced that caffeine was doing much more accentuate their stress problems than to help.

The American Psychiatric Association also warns coffee drinkers of a malady called “Caffeine Intoxication.” This occurs shortly after drinking 2 to 3 cups of coffee within a few minutes of each other.

A caffeine addict should expect to experience withdrawal symptoms such as headache, sleepiness, laziness, and decreased alertness. They are usually more severe for only a day or two. In the following five days, they generally taper off and disappear.ii

 

CAFFEINE KILLS

Okay, I know this article won’t be popular. Most of us are so addicted to Caffeine that we don’t want to know about it. I am writing this because when “Caffeine Blues” came out I just knew I had to read it. Several years ago I began to realise that coffee was much worse than we had been told, because I noticed that I got an arthritic pain in my wrist within ten to twenty minutes of a cappucino!

This book didn’t just tell me how bad coffee was – it told me how GOOD I would feel once I was totally caffeine free for two months. Somehow, this book sold me on giving it a try. And it was right! For example, I no longer have the drained feeling that I sometimes used to get in the mornings.

This is one of the best health books I have ever read. It is written by Stephen Cherniske who is a Clinical Nutritionist. “Caffeine Blues” is incredibly easy to read, and convincing. After reading it I realized that caffeine does NOT give us energy. In fact, it is a major CAUSE of LACK of energy.However, he explains that this drug is so powerful that one needs to go for three weeks to two months without any caffeine before one notices the difference. And how many of us have ever done that? Hardly anyone.

Caffeine is also a major cause of heart attacks and cancer.

As Cherniske waded through the tons of information on caffeine, he began to see that consciously or unconsciously nearly every researcher starts from the assumption that caffeine is okay. Why? Probably because they themselves depended on caffeine.

Caffeine is in coffee, black tea, green tea, oolong tea (wu-yi tea), ‘decaffeinated’ coffee and tea, chocolate, colas, chuppa-chups, many sodas, some drugs, most ‘energy’ drinks and guarana.

A 6 oz cup of:

  • Percolated coffee has about 120 mg of caffeine
  • Black tea has about 70 mg of caffeine
  • Green tea about 35 mg of caffeine
  • Leading colas 45 mg of caffeine
  • Mountain dew 54 mg of caffeine
  • Brewed decaf has 5 mg of caffeine
  • Milk chocolate has 6 mg per ounce
  • Baking chocolate has 35 mg per ounce.

Caffeine is produced by more than eighty species of plants. The reason may well be survival. As it turns out, caffeine is a biological poison used by plants as a pesticide.

Caffeine is considered harmless simply because it is so widely used. Dr William Dement in his book “The Promise of Sleep” said that if caffeine was introduced today, it would not be allowed.

There is a brochure available in hospitals and other medical related areas: “What you should know about caffeine” published by the International Food Information Council (IFIC) in Washington DC. After many phone calls Cherniske finally got a list of ‘supporters’ of the IFIC. The list included Pepsi, Coca-Cola, M&M, Nutrasweet, Nestle and Hershey – all of whom have caffeine in their drinks and foods. ‘Partners’ of the IFIC included groups such as the National Association of Pediatric Nurses and the Children’s Advertising Review Unit of the Council of Better Business Bureau Inc. This brochure says that “Caffeine is normally excreted within several hours after consumption”. In fact, only 1% is excreted. The remaining 99% has to be detoxified by the liver.

It can take up to 12 hours to detoxify a single cup of coffee.

Many studies regarding coffee and hypertension were flawed, because the test studies came off coffee for only one or two weeks. It takes many more weeks than this for stress hormone levels of the body to return to normal.

The ‘half-life’ of a drug is the time it takes the body to remove one half of the dose. Caffeine is a drug. The half-life of a single dose of caffeine ranges from three to TWELVE hours.

Caffeine puts your body into stress. A single 250 milligram dose of caffeine (the equivalent of about 2.5 six ounce cups of coffee) has been shown to increase levels of the stress hormone epinephrine (adrenaline) by over 200%.

Caffeine triggers a classic fight-or-flight reaction. The fight-or-flight response was designed for events that happened only occasionally (such as a lion chasing you). Now, we put our body in fight-or-flight every day with caffeine!!! Since we are in society, we don’t respond in a fight-or-flight way. Instead, other things may happen. For example, sugar and fat get dumped unused in the bloodstream. The sugar creates more stress. The fat clogs the arteries. The digestive system slows or shuts down.

Not only is caffeine addictive, it also encourages other addictions to substances like nicotine.

Caffeine does not give you energy. It stimulates your nervous system and adrenals. That’s not energy, that’s stress. Imagine going to a bank for a loan. The loan officer agrees to your loan. But as you leave the bank you notice the fine print – the loan has to be repaid at 75% interest! The ‘energy’ that you think you get from caffeine is really just a loan from the adrenals and liver, and the interest you have to pay is very high.

Stress is a major factor in disorders such as anxiety, insomnia, depression, ulcers, rheumatoid arthritis, headache, hypoglycemia, asthma, herpes, hypertension and heart disease. And yet hospitals provide coffee and tea, which put your body into stress!!!

DHEA is our vitality hormone. Decreased levels of DHEA is a cause of aging. Caffeine consumption leads to DHEA deficiency. Caffeine is an AGING DRUG!

Caffeine lowers the stress threshold in virtually everyone. That is, if you have had caffeine, it will be easier for you to suffer from emotional stress or other stress. (Therefore, when research is done that is designed to show how safe caffeine is, any test subject who is under significant stress is removed from the study).

Caffeine is implicated in ulcers and irritable bowel syndrome: GABA is produced in the intestinal tract, where it calms anxiety and stress. Caffeine disrupts the normal metabolism of GABA.

Caffeine disrupts sleep. Deep sleep is CRITICAL to good health. When there’s caffeine in your bloodstream, you are unlikely to experience deep sleep at all!

Caffeine AT ANY TIME of the day can cause sleep problems, especially if you are under stress.

Malnutrition is one of the most well-defined effects of habitual caffeine intake.

A single cup of coffee can reduce iron absorption from a meal by as much as 75%.

People do not develop a tolerance to the anxiety-producing effects of caffeine. Rather, people simply become accustomed to the feelings of stress, irritability and aggressiveness produced by the drug.

Caffeine contributes to depression in well-defined ways. This is particularly due to the withdrawal effect, which can cause headache, depression and fatigue, even in light users (p. 111). Cherniske reported that 90% of people who came to him who suffered from depression and gave up caffeine completely for 2 months reported that their depression went away!

If you are a coffee (or tea or cola) drinker, you may be thinking, “Well, I drink coffee and I’m not depressed.” It’s necessary to state that everyone is different, and also that depression can be subtle. Throughout the book, Cherniske suggests that you will never know the full effect the drug is having on you until you experience what life is like caffeine free (which takes two months to do). Over the years, Cherniske has heard similar responses from hundreds of clients: “Wow, I never realized that caffeine made me so (select one: anxious, depressed, irritable).”

Students the world over use caffeine not only to stay awake, but also they believe the drug will improve their performance on exams. Solid research, however, illustrates that as little as 100 milligrams of caffeine (one cup of coffee, two cups of cola) can cause a significant DECREASE in recall and reasoning.

When people are relaxed and given caffeine, caffeine does not raise blood pressure significantly. But how many people are relaxed? When people are stressed and given caffeine, blood pressure is raised significantly.

Women who consume more than 24 ounces of coffee (6 moderate cups) per day had almost twice the risk of heart attack compared to non-coffee drinkers. Moderate coffee drinkers with high cholesterol had more than seven times the risk of heart attack, while heavy coffee drinkers had eighteen times the risk of non-coffee drinkers!

Caffeine depletes your supplies of thiamin and other B vitamins, calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and zinc.

Caffeine increases calcium loss and risk of osteoporosis.

In one large study, the risk for hip fracture for those women who consumed the most caffeine was 300% greater than it was for the group that consumed little or no caffeine.

Take the Challenge! Most people have no idea what life would be like without the background of caffeine and stress hormones coursing through their veins. Even if you’re only having a few cups a coffee, chances are your personality is affected in ways that may be too subtle for you to associate with caffeine. I want to encourage you to conduct a trial period without caffeine. You owe it to yourself. And your family. It could save your life.

Don’t’ go ‘cold turkey’. To avoid headaches etc. when giving up caffeine, Cherniske recommends taking up to six weeks to come off it. Drink the same NUMBER of cups, but each week reduce the strength or amount in each cup.

There is lots more information in this very easy-to-read and highly interesting book. 440 pages. Read this book and you won’t need to spend so much on supplements!

UPDATES:

See How a Caffeinated Spider Spins a Web!

I have been truly amazed at the high number of ‘scientific studies’ that have come out since the publication of “Caffeine Blues” which supposedly show how chocolate and even coffee is good for us. I guess the chocolate / soda / coffee industry felt threatened enough that they had to pour money in to solve this new ‘problem’ of theirs.

As I read each study, I am reminded of the most memorable day during my Bachelor of Science degree at Sydney Universtiy. Professor Tony Underwood told our 3rd year Zoology class to get out one of our text books, and turn to a page which had a particular scientific study on it. He asked us, what had that study proven?

We gave the standard answers. But then the professor got all fired up and said, “No!”. He explained how every scientific paper is set up to prove a particular point of view. But the truth is usually that you have to look at a particular problem from all angles. There were many, many other possiblities as to the truth of that study.

The same with these new ‘studies’ which appear to support caffeine. When you look closely, they will NOT say that caffeine enhances your health and long-term wellbeing. They will say something like a particular part of chocolate is good for you, but not all of chocolate, or that coffee helps reduce some particular kind of cancer – presumably because the person will be likely to get some other disease first instead. And they will ignore any other symptoms that may appear, especially long-term ones.

Remember, caffeine is an AGING DRUG.

Try Chaga – The Coffee Substitute that is very good for you

‘Caffeine Can Cause Hallucinations’

Editor’s Note: This is more evidence that caffeine is much worse than most people realise.

January 14, 2009
Double-shot lovers take note—the world’s most popular psychoactive drug may have a disturbing hidden effect on some of its habitual users.

Heavy drinkers of coffee, tea, energy drinks, and other caffeinated beverages are more likely to hallucinate, hear imaginary voices, and even sense the presence of deceased people, a new study suggests.

Among the 200 test subjects, those who consumed the equivalent of seven cups of coffee a day were found to be three times more likely to have hallucinatory experiences than those who consumed less than a single cup a day.

Lead author Simon Jones, a psychology Ph.D. student at Durham University in the U.K, is intrigued but cautious about the connection.

“This hasn’t shown that caffeine causes hallucinations, though the data are consistent with that idea,” he said.

“It could also be that people who have hallucinations are more anxious and worried, so that causes them to consume more caffeine.”

Ref: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/01/090114-caffeine-hallucinations.html

The mother of a reader went blind from a stroke. Please remember that caffeine is a major cause of stroke.

REPORTS FROM READERS:

I found you article online about Caffeine Blues through a google search. I was suspecting beforehand that my one addiction – caffeine – was aggravating my depression and lack of concentration and focus. I’d decided that since it was addictive and known to be inind-affecting, it couldn’t be good for me. I’ve also noticed that I tend to feel better after just a week away from it, quitting cold turkey. I cheated on my having quit and found myself a depressed mess again. I got back off of it and I’ve started feeling better again. I’m quite glad you’ve confirmed my hypothesis in this. Now, to get my mom to quit coffee… Best regards, Eric from Minnesota

 

Professor Walter J. Veith, PhD

The consumption of caffeine begins at an early age for many people. Caffeine is a natural ingredient in tea and coffee, and it is used as an additive in many baked goods, frozen dairy products, sweets, gelatins, puddings, and soft drinks. The quantities of caffeine in some commonly used items are summarized in the following table.

Source Caffeine (mg)
Coffee (178 ml or 6 oz)
Approximate average

Average from ground beans

Automatic percolated

Filter drip

Instant regular

Instant decaffeinated

100

66-80

75-140

110-180

60-90

2-6

Tea (178 ml or 6 oz)
Weak (bag)

Strong (bag)

20-45

79-110

Cola drinks (280 ml or 10 oz) 22-50
Cocoa products
Chocolate milk (225 ml or 7.5 oz)

Hot cocoa from mix (178 ml or 6 oz)

Dark chocolate bar (56 g or 2 oz)

Milk chocolate bar (56 g or 2 oz)

Baking chocolate (28 g or 1 oz)

2-7

6-30

40-50

3-20

25-35

Medications (1 tablet or 1 capsule)
Cold remedies

Headache relievers

Weight control aids

Some diuretics

15-30

30-32

120-200

40-100

Table 6.5 Sources of caffeine.i

Based on these values, the National Institute of Nutrition in Canada estimated that Canadians consume approximately 450 mg of caffeine per day. Children also consume large quantities of caffeine through soft drinks and sweets, and this is a matter of some concern. Adults absorb 99% of the caffeine they consume and reach peak blood levels within 15-45 minutes. Caffeine is found in breast milk and can cross the placenta, thus influencing the unborn child. In newborn infants, the rate of elimination of caffeine is much slower than in adults, and the half-life is 82 hours. In pre-term infants, the half-life ranges from 62-102 hours.ii Some races also experience slower elimination rates than others. For example, Asians have much slower rate of elimination than Europeans. Pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives also substantially increase the clearance rate.

The effects of excessive caffeine intake, which in some individuals may be manifested at levels as low as 500 mg/day, include insomnia, headaches, anxiety, irritability, and depression. When consumed on an empty stomach, caffeine can produce tremors, and at consumption rates of 1g (which is not unusual for some people) can produce symptoms such as fever, agitation, trembling, rapid breathing and heart rate, heart palpitations, diuresis, nausea, and anorexia. Still higher intakes (5-100 g or 50-100 cups of coffee) have caused increased heart rate, convulsions, respiratory and heart failure, and coma and death due to shock.iii People who stop drinking beverages containing caffeine may experience equally unpleasant withdrawal symptoms; the most common of which are muscle tension, nervousness, irritability, and headaches. Caffeine also affects urinary calcium excretion, particularly in postmenopausal women.iv Rats fed instant coffee for three to four weeks also showed increased calcium loss via the urine and feces.v In one study carried out on a group of women (age 50-84), it was found that the consumption of more than two units of caffeinated beverages (one unit equaling one cup of coffee or two cups of tea) increased the risk of hip fracture by 69%.vi Metabolic studies have shown that the kidneys and intestinal system are also directly affected by caffeine.

Of even greater concern than these immediate symptoms are the long-term dangers associated with caffeine, which can occur at lower levels and may be more subtle and difficult to detect. In studies on animals, caffeine was shown to affect the nervous system and influence such behaviours as learning, memory, motor performance, sensory function, and emotional reactivity.vii,viii These findings have prompted the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) to voice their concerns about behavioural effects of caffeine, and effects on the development of the nervous system in children who consume large amounts of cola-type beverages.

Studies where caffeine is administered to pregnant mice indicate that caffeine has toxic effects on the unborn offspring and can possibly produce birth defects. Some of the birth defects noted after the administration of caffeine were cleft palate, digital defects, muscular disorders, facial deformities, absence of eyes, and exencephaly. In rats, the situation is similar, and incomplete ossification in the offspring was also reported.

As these studies suffered from lack of certain controls and low sample numbers, the FDA undertook two new studies to resolve the issue of the teratogenic effects of caffeine. These studies revealed that high doses of caffeine result in death and resorption of embryos, significant reductions in fetal weight, and skeletal abnormalities such as reduced pubis size, reduced dorsal arch, and missing hind digits. In fact irreversible birth defects were noted at levels as low as 80 mg/kg and other defects at levels as low as 6 mg/kg.ix It is still uncertainty whether caffeine increases the risk of birth defects in humans, and it is premature to make such claims. Nevertheless, the studies on animals indicate that there are reasons for concern.

Caffeine

Although caffeine consumption is a common habit, it may also be at the root of many common health problems. Caffeine is present in coffee, teas, soft drinks, and chocolate. Caffeine consumption affects every organ system, from the nervous system to the skin. Caffeine raises stress hormone levels in the blood, inhibits important enzyme systems having to do with house cleaning in the body, sensitizes nerve reception sites, and is associated with a sense of poor health, anxiety, and depression.1, 2

The following are health problems associated with caffeine consumption:

  1. Caffeine may contribute to many digestive problems. It irritates the stomach and bladder. Peptic ulcer patients should avoid beverages containing caffeine. Many people also find that caffeine drinks cause them to suffer diarrhea followed by constipation.
  1. Headaches are common among caffeine users and often clear up after short periods of caffeine abstinence (one to two weeks). Headaches may also occur as a symptom of caffeine withdrawal. Some individuals are so sensitive that headaches develop soon after drinking their last cup of coffee.
  1. Drinking coffee has been shown to have deleterious effects on the developing fetus. Studies have suggested that seven cups of coffee per day may produce unwanted outcomes of pregnancy. Caffeine can damage the chromosomes of sex cells and the chromosomes of the developing embryo during pregnancy.
  1. Substances that can damage chromosomes can also cause an increase in the rate of cancer. Bladder cancer in women is 2 1/2 times more likely to occur if a woman drinks only one cup of coffee per day.3
  1. Physical and mental fatigue is common after drinking caffeinated beverages. Caffeine first stimulates the nerves than causes depression. A common complaint in physicians’ offices today is fatigue. Yet, many people mistakenly believe that coffee helps them get through a difficult day.

In addition to fatigue, mental confusion and depression also result from the use of caffeinated drinks. While caffeinated drinks cause an immediate increase in the learning ability, the overall result is a decrease in learning. The physical fatigue resulting from pharmacologic depression of the nervous system produces emotional depression, leading to a reduction of interest in and retention of new material.

Students are recommended to avoid caffeinated drinks in order to increase learning ability. If caffeine is taken at night, it interferes with the mechanism the brain has of transferring freshly learned material from short-term memory to long-term memory.

  1. Heart disease may have a stronger association with coffee drinking than with obesity, according to a study by Dr. Ogelsby Paul of Western Electric Corporation.4
  1. Some studies have suggested a link between caffeine consumption and mental disorders. Cases of depression and anxiety in mental institutions that are treated by eliminating caffeine from the diet have been reported.5, 6

References:

  1. Greden, John F. M.D. et al. Anxiety and Depression Associated with Caffeinism Among Psychiatric Inpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:8, Aug 1978.
  2. Bellet, Samuel. Effects of Coffee Ingestion on Catecholamine Release.
  3. The Medical Effects of Coffee. Medical World News, January 26, 1976.
  4. Science Digest, October, 1963.
  5. Winstead, Daniel K. M.D. Coffee Consumption Among Psychiatric Inpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:12, December, 1976.
  6. Greden, John F. M.D. Anxiety of Caffeinism: A diagnostic dilemma. American Journal of Psychiatry 131:10, October, 1974.

Eliminates Calcium

Caffeine causes the body to eliminate calcium faster than normal.

Because caffeine acts like a diuretic, it keeps your body from absorbing

it through the digestive system by pushing it through quicker. It may

also play a part in decreasing bone density by depleting the calcium.

Women are more at risk for developing osteoporosis if they drink more

than two cups of coffee a day. Caffeine will also inhibit your body from

absorbing iron, manganese, copper and zinc, Nutrilite notes. It

increases elimination of magnesium, sodium, phosphate and potassium from

your body.

    Unwanted Side Effects

Some herbal supplements contain caffeine and taking them with additional

caffeine can increase unwanted side effects, such as the jitters or

nervousness. Caffeine coupled with echinacea, an herbal supplement used

for preventing colds, can increase the caffeine concentration found in

your blood. The herbal supplement ephedra, or ephedrine, is a stimulant,

as is caffeine. Putting these two together may cause over stimulation of

your nervous system, increasing negative side effects and causing

Caffeine, noted more commonly for being in coffee and helping to keep

people awake, is also found in tea and soda, as well as some

over-the-counter pain relievers, according to MayoClinic.com. Caffeine

has many uses, aside from improving alertness, such as for asthma,

headaches, shortness of breath, gallbladder disease, attention deficit

hyperactivity disorder, low blood pressure, weight loss and diabetes.

Caffeine is a chemical that, while used cautiously, can be beneficial

but has side effects and may interact negatively with other supplements.

    Less Vitamin Absorption

Caffeine affects vitamin D receptors, not allowing your body to absorb

the full amount that is ingested, according to Science Direct. Vitamin D

aids the body in absorbing calcium, so when caffeine interferes with

vitamin D, it also interferes with calcium absorption. Vitamin B is a

water soluble vitamin in which the excess is excreted through urine.

Caffeine increases this loss by increasing urination. However, caffeine

helps the body absorb vitamin B-12 but it may decrease the benefits of

other vitamins, according to Nutrilite.

Think Caffeine Is Harmless? Chew On This.

If you thought caffeine was harmless, you’re about to change your thinking.

Not only has it been used to create an “energy drink” market, caffeine is now available in Wrigley chewing gum.

It’s being touted “for adults who are already using caffeine for energy,” according to a Wrigley spokesperson.

Okay, wait a second…

When exactly did caffeine become a source of energy? Do you recall Coca-Cola or coffee being called an “energy drink” back in the day?

Neither do we.

If you want energy, have a coconut oil-stuffed medjool date or a banana or something.

Caffeine is not a source of energy; it is, however, one more example of how marketing spin can change the definition of a word.

As a consequence, we have forgotten what caffeine can do to a body. And it’s not pretty… especially in children.

Energy drinks are at the center of a wrongful death lawsuit because a 14-year-old girl died of cardiac arrest after drinking just 2 of them in a 24-hour period.

Five people have, in fact, died shortly after drinking Monster brand energy drinks over the last 8 years and there were over 13,000 hospital visits in 2009 related to drinking these caffeine-laced energy drinks.

The FDA is also investigating claims about other deaths related to those now-common 5-hour energy “shots.”

The way so-called energy drinks work is with a combination of niacin (vitamin B3) and caffeine. The niacin opens up the blood vessels and drives the caffeine deep into the cells of the body, sometimes with catastrophic results.

This idea behind these drinks does not work with compounds naturally found in the body and can easily overload susceptible people.

And now caffeine is being slipped into chewing gum — another good reason that gum is not on The Hallelujah Diet!

But what about all of the so-called benefits of “just a little” caffeine?

We want to know what you think about this!

[quote]What are your thoughts on caffeine? Comment below! [/quote]

Since caffeine acts as a diuretic, it can flush water soluble vitamins away before they can be absorbed. It prevents calcium and iron from being absorbed.

Caffeine also increases the release of stress hormones like adrenaline adding to your stress level, which further adds to nutrient depletion.

http://bebrainfit.com/lifestyle/nutrition/6-common-habits-that-rob-you-of-essential-brain-vitamins/

More than 80% of Americans drink coffee, the world’s #2 trade commodity, out-sold only by oil

in volume. Coffee is touted as a harmless pick-me-up, a “jump-start” for the day. But how many

coffee drinkers know that:

“Coffee drinkers, as compared to non-coffee drinkers, have a greater Incidence of over-weight

and consume more alcohol and cigarettes…” American Journal of Cardiology 52:1238-42 1983

“Caffeine  seems  to  increase  coronary  heart  disease  deaths  independent  of  serum  cholesterol

levels.” British Medical Journal 300-566-569 1990

Yet  despite  the  Increasing  Incriminatory  evidence  and  disturbing  discoveries,  millions  still

consume caffeine. If only they knew that…

“Caffeine  consumption  should  be  considered  a  risk  factor  for  Myocardial  Infarction.  (Heart

attack)” Am. J. Epidemiology  138(8)602, 1993

“Rats that ate a refined-food diet (a U.S. teenager-type diet) and were offered 10% alcohol or

water,  gradually  drank  increasing  amounts  of  alcohol.  When  given  coffee,  their  alcohol

consumption dramatically increased.” J. Am. Dietetic Assoc 61:159-162;1972

“Coffee drinkers are more prone to use  other  drugs.  Not  only do they smoke more, but they

more often use minor tranquilizers or sedative-hypnotics.” Comprehensive Psychiatry 22:565-

571, 1981

“A dose of  500-600 mgs. (5-6 six ounce cups) of caffeine a day presents a serious health risk.”

British Journal of Addiction 78:251-258, 1988

Calamity in a Cup

www.temcat.com    Health Secrets Resource Collection:     3

Why do many people feel their hands are tied when it comes to quitting caffeine? Because it

can be very addictive. In fact, in one study:

“People consuming as little as 100 mgs. (1 cup) of caffeine per day had withdrawal symptoms.”

New England Journal of Medicine 327(16)1160. 1992

Such discoveries about caffeine and Its “cousins” have led some experts to state that:

“The scientific evidence of coffee and (tea, cola drinks, and chocolate) as they relate to health is

at approximately the same place it was on tobacco in the 1940s. One could predict that a few

years  hence,  coffee  and  similar  substances  will  not  only  be  indicted  but  judged  guilty.  (for

injuring health).” John Scharffenberg MD. MPH

How can anyone make such a bold claim? Take a few minutes to read this book and you’ll know

the answer!

“The  lethal  dose  of  caffeine  is  10  grams,  or  about  70  cups  of  coffee.  Many  people  are  taking

1/10 the lethal A: Journal of Family Practice 4(6)1183, 1977

“Two cups of coffee may raise blood pressure to levels equal to one cigarette, but it keeps it

there for 1-2 hours, vs. just 15 minutes for smoking.” Am. J. of Medicine, 73:348-353,1982

The Medellin Drug Cartel.

The white powders and dried leaves it exports illegally to this country do untold damage to our

citizens  and  cost  us  millions  of  dollars  every  year.  This  drug  ring  is  feared,  even  hated.  But

there’s  another  Colombian  drug  cartel  that  could  be  considered  even  more  dangerous.  The

black powder and dried leaves it exports legally to this country are not feared and hated, but

relished and loved.

This drug is certainly more available and widespread, and its addictive properties more subtle

and insidious. It also costs this country millions of dollars every year in increased psychiatric and

medical fees, and subsequent lost work. The personal cost to the user is even greater, causing

untold damage to many organs of the body. Its use has been implicated in such degenerative

diseases as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.

In case you haven’t guessed, we are talking about coffee, and its calamitous cousins, tea, cola,

and chocolate.

Caffeine.  It  is  trouble  brewing  in  America’s  pots!  It  is  the  drug  of  choice  for  nine  out  of  ten

North Americans. 1* But American adults are not the only ones consuming this drug. According

to  caffeine  researcher  Dr.  Gail  Bernstein,  77%  of  children  over  6  months  old  ingest  caffeine

regularly.2 * (Footnote references)

As  a  result,  life  in  the  United  States  seems  to  be  getting  more  jittery  every  day.  Nerves  are

frazzled.  Tempers  are  short.  And  Americans  are  consuming  a  mind-boggling  600  tons  of

sleeping pills each year in a hopeless attempt to wind down after a busy day.

Perhaps  a  popular  cartoon  best  sums  up  the  stressed-out,  wound-up  mood  of  our  nation.  It

shows  a  woman  with  bulging  eyes,  tight  lips,  and  hair  standing  straight  on  end.  The  caption

reads: “I only have one nerve left, and you’re about to get on it!”  Calamity in a Cup

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Brewing Some Real Mix-ups!

We  seem  to  have  more  stress  and  less  coping  power  with  each  new  day.  Could  part  of  the

problem be that so many Americans today are trying to perk up by using caffeine, “the world’s

most widely used mind-altering drug” 3? It produces a surge of energy, only to leave its user

tired, cranky, and depleted.

One study concluded that: “Caffeine abuse is so common in our society that its effects are often

not  addressed  as  clinical  issues”  (or  medical  problems).  It  also  said  that  “symptoms  from  this

drug (caffeine)” are often misdiagnosed as a mental or physical disease! “4

Caffeinism   can   resemble   serious   illnesses   like   manic   episodes,   panic   disorders,   anxiety

disorders, and personality disorders. 5

Grounds For Concern!

According  to  one  report,  Americans  consume  33  million  gallons  of  coffee  every  day!  6  Using

that much of any stimulant causes real grounds for concern! But that figure does not include

tea,  chocolate,  cola,  and  many  over-the-counter  drugs  consumed  daily  which  also  contain

caffeine. Caffeinism constitutes a major source of addiction in North America.

Yes, caffeine can be addictive. A regular cup of coffee contains anywhere from 68 to 150 mg. of

caffeine per cup. The average daily “dose” of 80% of American adults is 280 mg., or about 2-3

cups of coffee a day. This is considered a “behaviorally active” 7 amount, -that is, it will alter the

mood  and  behavior  of  the  consumer,  who  will  likely  experience  significant  “withdrawal

symptoms” when discontinuing its use. 7

Coffee and its calamitous cousins, tea, cola, and chocolate, called the brown drink family, are

really chemical relatives. Each contain toxic alkaloid chemicals called methylated xanthenes, or

methylxanthines  (rhymes  with  Ethel  Francine),  which  include  caffeine,  theobromine,  and

theophylline.

Caffeine   is   the   principal   methylxanthine   in   coffee,   while   theophylline   is   the   major

methylxanthine in tea. The major methylxanIthine in chocolate is theobromine, although both

tea and chocolate also contain caffeine.

“A cup of coffee reduces iron absorption by 39%, and a cup of tea will reduce it by 64%. Drip

coffee will lower iron absorption by 72%, while doubling coffee’s strength will reduce it 91%! In

comparison, orange juice, with its vitamin C, may increase iron absorption in a meal by 250%!”

Am. J. of Clinical Nutrition 37:416-420,1983 ; ibid 32:2484-2489,1979

 The Cocaine Connection

 Methylxanthines,  specifically  caffeine,  are  powerful  central  nervous  system  stimulants  which

can arouse all levels of the brain and skeletal muscles.4

Caffeine is one of a group of drugs related to amphetamines called analeptics.8 It is a member

of  the  same  group  of  addictive  alkaloid  chemicals  as  morphine,  nicotine,  cocaine,  and

strychnine. Within 30 minutes after ingestion, caffeine peaks in the blood, reaching maximum

effect in two hours.  Calamity in a Cup

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How  do  methylxanthines  affect  the  body?  As  you  will  see,  the  list  of  physiological  effects  is

startling!  Methylxanthines,  especially  caffeine,  are  capable  of  damaging  chromosomes  and

certain body systems 9. As such evidence emerged, in 1980 the Food and Drug Administration

issued  a  warning  to  pregnant  women  against  excessive  use  of  caffeine.10  They  also  removed

caffeine from the Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) list.

In spite of the evidence, many consider coffee jitters the only price they pay for the best part of

waking up. But as a drink, coffee is literally brimming with trouble.

The Best Part of Waking Up?

Caffeine  can  be  a  problem  for  people  with  gout  because  the  body  converts  it  into  uric  acid,

which  can  aggravate  an  existing  gout  condition.  It  also  stimulates  the  brain  cortex,  and  can

cause  poor  balance,  racing  heart,  high  pitched  voice,  insomnia,  racing  and  disconnected

thoughts,  poor  memory,  fatigue,  restless  leg  syndrome,  hand  tremors,  anxiety  and  dread,

hostility,  sleep  disturbances,  headaches,  reflex  hyperexcitability,  irritability,  agitation,  anxiety,

dehydration, and general discomfort! II If that’s the list of perks one gets for waking up, perhaps

a coffee-drinker would be better off staying asleep!

After observing that caffeine is capable of inducing acute psychotic symptoms, a state hospital

staff eliminated caffeinated beverages from the diet of all inpatients. Almost immediately the

patients  were  quieter  and  suffered  less  from  insomnia  and  nervous  agitation.  12  Physical

assaults on both people and property decreased significantly, too.

Studies show that people with psychiatric problems consume nearly twice as much caffeine as

the general population. 13 But even “normal” people given caffeine were shown on psychiatric

tests  to  have  elevated  levels  of  anxiety,  depression  and  hostility.  14  Amazingly,  the  doses  of

caffeine given in this test were much less than the average coffee drinker consumes each day!

14

Although  caffeine  temporarily  stimulates  the  nerves,  it  leaves  a  hangover  effect  in  which

mental efficiency falls below normal. 15 Studies show that caffeine use on the job does not help

work performance, but actually intensifies the harmful effects associated with the stresses of

everyday  life,  by  exaggerating  responses  to  stressful  situations  in  the  environment,  and

decreasing sociability. 16

“Caffeine  does  not  help  someone  sober  up,  but  may  actually  intensify  the  adverse  effects  of

alcohol.” Medical World News 7/5/94, 32A

Going To Pot Under Pressure

Yet when pressures mount at the office, and you’re feeling stress, what do you do? You go to

pot!—the coffee pot. But Duke University researcher Dr. James Lane says that caffeine interacts

with stress and intensifies it. 17

He found that with two groups under stress, stress-related hormones were considerably higher

in people who had ingested 300 mg. of caffeine (3 cups) when compared to those who ingested

a placebo. 17  Calamity in a Cup

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In  addition  to  possibly  intensifying  stress,  caffeine  also  causes  the  body  to  produce  “an

explosive  discharge”  18   of  stress  hormones  called  catecholamines.  These  hormones  cause  the

body to produce large amounts of cyclic AMP  18 , which will be discuss in a moment. Caffeine

can  increase  blood  pressure,  interfere  with  normal  sleep  patterns,  and  increase  body  fat

stores.19

CAFFEINE – HEART DISEASE

 Can increase the heart rate A

May cause frequent, irregular beats A

Can raise blood cholesterol B

May accelerate blood clotting leading to heart attack C

 5 C/day may increase heart disease risk 300%  D

 A: Primary Cardiology 10184, 104-110

B: Am J of Epidemiology 128:124-136, 1988

C: Biochemical Journal 109 (5)841-849

D: NEJM 315(6)977-982, 1986

Caffeine  is  hardly  a  prescription  for  surviving  in  the  workplace!  In  fact,  caffeine  can  actually

impair  memory  and  increase  restlessness,  which  negatively  affects  job  performance.  20  As  a

result,  those  who  use  caffeine  may  have  impaired  job  performance  and  find  professional

advancement more difficult. 21

The  truth  is,  in  studies  with  rats,  “motor  nerve  conduction  velocity  showed  a  significant

decrease in caffeine-treated animals.” 22 In other words, your muscles move slower!

Caffeine’s report card is dismal in the classroom, too! Not only does it slow muscle function, but

just  250  mg.  (2  to  2  1/2  cups)  causes  a  30%  decrease  in  brain  blood  flow.  23  This  can  cause

changes  in  psychomotor  coordination,  mood,  behavior,  and  concentration.  Caffeine  may  also

cause rambling flow of thought and speech. 24,25 and impair memory! 20

The Great Brain Drain

Why? Caffeine jams the circuits in the brain and nervous system. Acetylcholine, which carries

nerve cell messages, runs wild, because the braking chemical, acetylcholinesterase, is inhibited

by caffeine. 26 Hence, nerve messages are prolonged and magnified, which could explain the

jitters,  tremors,  agitation,  and  even  disconnected  thoughts  associated  with  caffeinism.  (See

box, page 22.)

This nerve interference also makes children feel temporarily less sluggish and perform better on

tests  of  attention,  27  yet  it  leaves  them  feeling  more  anxious  27  and  adversely  affects  their

behavior. 28

Have you ever wondered how all that  miraculous, quick energy comes from something that has

no food value? Well, it isn’t free. There is a definite metabolic price tag attached.  Calamity in a Cup

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In  short,  caffeine  manipulates  your  body’s  stored  energy—at  the  expense  of  future  needs.

Caffeine,  and  other  methylxanthines,  cause  an  increased  cellular  accumulation  of  cyclic  AMP

(adenosine monophosphate), which is essential to energy production in the body. Because of

this accumulation, coffee drinkers feel a burst of energy.

The  accumulation  occurs  because  caffeine  inhibits  the  normal  activity  of  another  chemical,

phosphodiesterase (pde), which normally breaks down cyclic AMP and stops energy production.

29  What’s  the  result?  High  blood  sugar  and  over-production  of  insulin,  which  can  result  in

hypoglycemia and more problems with diabetes. 30 (See box, page 33.)

But cyclic AMP also stimulates cellular growth in glandular tissues, like breast tissues. Through

caffeine’s interference with pde activity, the excess cyclic AMP may produce cell growth beyond

normal boundaries. This can lead to fibrocystic disease (lumpy breasts) which may increase the

risk  of  breast  cancer.  31  Caffeine also  blocks  pde  from  doing  another  important  job:  shutting

down the release of free fatty acids from body stores of fat, 29 thus increasing fats in the blood.

This, combined with high blood sugars, is associated with greater risk of coronary heart attack.

Instant…And Slow Brewed!

But these are only the short-term effects. Is there a long-term price to pay? Caffeine use has

been shown to produce long-term memory impairment. 32

In  concentrated  amounts,  methylxanthines  can  actually  alter  the  protoplasm  of  cells  which

could  cause  future  problems!  Caffeine  and  its  cousins  may  cause  mutagenic,  or  genealtering

changes in chromosomes, 33 which can be seen in offspring, possibly to the second generation.

34 Human, hamster, and fruit fly cells grown in test tubes show injuries to chromosomes, and

an inability to repair injuries, when exposed to caffeine. 35

Simply put: Caffeine’s effects are not only instant, but also slow-brewed, possibly effecting even

your grandchildren. (See box on pages 21, 24-25.)

Such   possibilities   led   one   medical   author   to   write:   “Although   many   questions   remain

unanswered, the clinician should err on the side of caution. Given the widespread consumption

of  caffeine,  any  adverse  consequences,  even  if  small,  would  have  important  public  health

consequences.” 36

Is De-caff De-answer?

Hey, no problem, some are saying. I drink coffee without a worry—I drink de-caff! That solves

the problem, right?

Wrong! Even decaffeinated coffee has hundreds of potentially harmful chemical components.

One class of these compounds is caffeols. Caffeols are coffee oils, which are very irritating to

the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, many other chemicals which have been linked to cancer

and  heart  disease  are  still  present,  as  are  other  central  nervous  system  stimulants.  37  The

coffee  bean’s  composition  is  dramatically  altered  during  roasting,  resulting  in  chemical

transformations where more than 700 “volatile substances…are formed.” 38 Such chemicals as

acetaldehyde,  ammonia,  carbon  disulfide,  acetic  acid,  nitrosamines,  and  others  may  make

coffee  a  mouthful  of  trouble!  38  But  whether  it’s  decaffeinated  or  not,  just  one  daily  cup  of Calamity in a Cup

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coffee increases the risk of bladder cancer three times. 39 And drinking more than two cups a

day of caffeinated coffee doubles the risk of fatal bladder cancer. 40

“Young Rats given DECAFFEINATED COFFEE had a significantly retarded growth rate.” Life and

Health Sept. 1974, p.5

Brown drink users have an increased risk of STOMACH, KIDNEY, LUNG, PANCREATIC, OVARIAN,

AND COLON CANCER. 41,42

Tea, which contains not only caffeine, but theophylline (another methylxantine) and tannin, is

associated with increased risk of stomach, kidney, lung, rectal, and esophageal cancer, 43, 44

and has been implicated in formation of kidney stones.45

Caffeine confuses the vascular system because it dilates the blood vessels near the skin while

ordering the brain to constrict them. It constricts blood vessels in the brain while dilating them

in  other  organs,  which  may  result  in  high  blood-pressure.    One  to  five  cups  of  coffee  a  day

increases heart attack risk by 60%; six or more increases it 120%! 46

Caffeine also stresses the pancreas and compounds diabetes by raising blood sugar levels and

serum fatty acids.

Female caffeine users experience more still-births, fetal deaths, and miscarriages. 47 They also

have more fibrocystic disease, which may increase breast cancer risk four times! 48

CAFFEINE AND MOTHERHOOD

“Pregnant women should be cautious about using drugs, and caffeine is certainly a drug.  A

Caffeine levels in mother’s milk are 50% higher than in her blood; drug stays in baby for more

than 80 hours vs only 5-6 hours in the mother.  B

A  Fetus  lacks  the  enzymes  to  break  down  caffeine;  it  can  cause  lower  birth  weight,  bone

problems, and slower fetal growth.  C

Caffeine can damage chromosomes in humans; increases chance of birth defects.  D

3 cups a day doubles spontaneous abortion risk  E

Women who use caffeine have a harder time becoming pregnant.  F

  “While caffeine abusers may feel an increased level of alertness, there may not be increased

performance.” Psychological Reports 65-575-587, 1988

CAFFEINE – It Goes A Long Way, Baby!

Most  caffeine  drinkers  feel  it  is  harmless  enough.  But  while  it  poses  threats  for  everyone,

pregnant women may be at greatest risk. Why? Consider these facts:

300 mg. * per day retarded fetal growth. JAMA 270(24)46-47,1993

300  mg.  per  day  during  month  before  pregnancy  nearly  doubled  spontaneous  abortion  (SAB)

risk  JAMA 270(24}2940-43.1993

Fetotoxic effect of caffeine stronger in smokers Am J Epid. 137:951-954.1993  Calamity in a Cup

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200 mg. decreases placental blood flow J. Reprod. Med. 19:55-63.1977

In primate experiments, caffeine-using mothers had lower fetal birth weights, more still births

and more miscarriages Toxicology 8:239, 1988

It increases fetal myocardial (heart) work Pediat. Research 21:391-395.1987

Offspring  of  caffeine–consuming  lab  animals  showed  neurochemical,  physical,  and  behavioral

changes, into adulthood Ann of NY Acad. of Sc 56:327-339, 1989

Pre-natal  caffeine  exposure  may  cause  long-lasting  neuro-behavioral  effects  in  activity  and

learning associated with neuro-chemical changes in the brain cortex and hippocampus – Int. J.

Neuroscience 41:15-28. 1988.

Can cause poor neuro-muscular development and greater irritability in neonates. Infant Behav.

Dev. Dec. 7:253-265, 1984

*300 mg caffeine in 3 cups of coffee, 6 cups of tea, or 5-6 cans of soft drinks.

In spite of the medical evidence, many women continue to consume caffeine, thinking they’ll

stop once they learn they are pregnant. One researcher addressed that logic in this way:

“Most women do not realize they are pregnant until the middle to the end of the first trimester

and  do  not  receive  prenatal  care  until  after  the  10 th   week  of  gestation  when  organogenesis

(organ  development)  of  the  fetus  is  almost  complete  and  most  SABs  have  occurred.  ”  JAMA

270(24)2974.1993

In other words, by the time she knows she’s pregnant, caffeine’s damage may already be done!

But there’s more:

“Just 163 mg./day during the first trimester may double SAB risk JAMA 270(24}2940-43.1993

Infants of caffeine-using mothers have higher rates of apnea (stop breathing for short periods)

Am J Ob/Gyn 154:14-20, 1986

May  be  a  triggering  factor  for  insulin-dependent  diabetes  in  childhood  Brit  Med  J  300:642-

643,1990

But men should also be concerned because:

Animal  studies  suggest  that  caffeine  drinking  in  males  can  also  cause  fetal  developmental

defects. J Dev Physio 10:271-281,1988

The  evidence  is  overwhelming.  Caffeine  is  not  the  harmless,  innocent  “pick-me-up”  we  have

thought it to be, not even at the low dose of just one or two cups per day!

“We cannot conclude that lower levels (than 300 mgs. A day) of caffeine are safe….Given the

widespread  consumption  of  caffeine,  any  adverse  consequences,  even  if  small,  would  have

important public health considerations.” JAMA 270(24}2974.1993

“The caffeine in one cup of coffee will make a person feel more alert and physically active, yet

the actual result is more confusion.” J of Pharm & Exper.Ther. 149(1)159,1965  Calamity in a Cup

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THE BARE BONE FACTS

Since we are boning up on some facts, how does caffeine affect our skeletal structure? The link

between caffeine use, even in small amounts, and osteoporosis is well established. Each 10 mg.

Of caffeine consumed causes a 1 mg. Calcium loss in the bones. 49 This calcium loss is definitely

a contributor to bone porosity (weakness) in children as well as adults.49

Dr.  Linda  Massey,  associate  professor  of  human  nutrition  at  Washington  State  University,

showed calcium loss actually doubled in 133 out of 135 subjects who used caffeine. 50 Imagine

caffeine’s  effects  on  the  bones  of  a  young,  growing  body.  A  child  drinking  a  12-ounce

caffeinated soda has a caffeine intake, on a body weight basis, equal to that of an adult drinking

four cups of instant coffee. 51

Calamity In A Can

 But  coffee  is  not  the  only  caffeinated  beverage  we  are  drinking!  According  to  the    Beverage

Marketing Corporation, in 1989 the average American consumed 547 cans of soda. In the west

central  United  States  the  number  was  658,  in  the  southwest,  637,  and  in  the  south,  an

unbelievable 663 cans for every man, woman, and child!

Those bubbles and brightly colored caffeinated-cola cans are hiding other ingredients besides

caffeine, however. They also contain either sugar (about 12 tsp.), or artificial sweeteners, and

phosphoric acid.

One  artificial  sweetener,  aspartame  (Nutrisweet),  has  been  tied  to  disorders  ranging  from

migraine  headaches  to  brain  seizures.  52  It  has  also  been  shown  to  cause  memory  loss,

confusion, dizziness and total or partial blindness. 53 Adverse reactions are more common in

women  than  in  men.  53  Another,  xylitol,  has  been  linked  to  tumor  growth,  and  liver,  kidney,

and brain disturbances. 54

It  is  well  known  that  phosphoric  acid  in  soft  drinks  can  damage  developing  bones  by  taking

calcium from them. 55 In fact, one study said “soft drink consumption by girls is a major public

health problem” because the calcium loss makes them more prone to factures. 55

Coffee for Kitty ?!

What’s  going  on  in  our  country,  anyway?  When  a  garden  looks  “thirsty,”  do  we  spray  it  with

soda? When Rover is hot and panting, do we fill his bowl with iced tea? When kitty is shivering

in  the  snow  bank  on  the  porch,  do  we  rush  her  warm  saucer  of  java?  Why  are  the  plants,

gardens,   and   animals   getting   all   the   water   while   we’re   drinking   potentially   damaging

substitutes?

The fact is, coffee, tea, cola, and chocolate drinks cannot come close to the beneficial effects of

water. Studies have revealed that brown drink users lose body fluid due to the diuretic effect of

tea,  coffee,  and  soda.  56  Even  though  they  may  consume  large  amounts  of  fluids  with  their

beverage, the net effect can be dehydration of body tissue.

Heavy tea drinkers often have vitamin B deficiencies, and tannin, a chemical component of tea,

has been shown to interfere with iron absorption. Tea drinkers may feel fatigued and listless as Calamity in a Cup

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a result. Tannin has also been linked to stomach cancer. While all methylxanthines have been

implicated in goiter development, tea is highest in theophylline, which is the most damaging to

the thyroid. 57

Before  discussing  the  final  calamitous  cousin,  chocolate,  here  are  some  other  potentially

dangerous side effects of caffeine:

It’s Shocking, but Caffeine:

Þ     May promote eating disorders 58

Þ     Can increase infertility by 50% 59

Þ     Can aggravate PMS symptoms 60

Þ     Can elevate cholesterol & triglycerides 61

Þ     Can cause skin rashes 62

Þ     Can aggravate eczema and pimples 62

Þ     Use by pregnant mothers can increase risk of diabetes in newborn 63

“Chlorogenic  acid  in  coffee  causes  some  of  the  most  intense  food  allergies  encountered  in

medical practice.” JAMA 187(5)380, 1964

The Chocolate-Uncovered Truth

Now for the bitter truth about chocolate. If you have ever bitten into an unsweetened piece of

chocolate, you know that it is neither naturally sweet nor scrumptious! The bitter taste comes

from the harmful alkaloids and pyrolysates found in chocolate. So, in order to make it edible,

manufacturers add large amounts  of sugar and fat, both  of which can be harmful in the high

amounts found in chocolate.

Eating one five-ounce chocolate bar is equivalent in calories to eating 3 pounds of apples! The

calories in one small slice of chocolate cake are equal to the calories in seven slices of whole

wheat bread.

Bombs Away!

Because  the  chocolate  bar  and  the  refined  cake  have  few  vitamins  or  minerals,  and  are  both

low in fiber, they are high calorie, empty-calorie food bombs which add weight, promote food

cravings, and may ultimately bring disease and debilitation.

Theobromine,  the  major  methylxanthine  in  chocolate,  has  been  shown  to  cause  abnormal

gland  growth,  and  was  twice  as  toxic  as  caffeine  in  causing  testicular  atrophy  and  lowered

sperm counts in rats .64

Sweet Depression

Chocolate also contains caffeine and theophylline, which can upset the stomach, cause nausea

and vomiting, and an enlarged prostate in men. It has also been implicated in certain cancers,

which  we  discussed  in  the  section  on  tea.  One  study  showed  that  92%  of  those  who  crave Calamity in a Cup

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sweets  and  chocolates  are  women,  and  that  the  use  of  chocolate  and  sweets  is  related  to

depression in women. 65

Cocoa can contain from 6-42 mg. of caffeine per cup. 66 Because of children’s smaller frames

and metabolic differences, even such seemingly small amounts could be harmful.

Yet  hot  cocoa  and  chocolate  milk  are  favorites  with  kids.  But  milk’s  cholesterol  and  high  fat

content may cause problems, and its high protein content could promote bone calcium loss. 67

As a result, chocolate milk is far from the ideal drink for growing children. 68

The FDA booklet entitled Food Defect Action Levels lists the level of acceptable contamination

allowed for chocolate products. A chocolate bar, the book says, can contain a rodent hair and

16 insect parts, or 120 insect parts per cup. Chocolate powder and pressed cakes can contain 75

insect fragments per 3 tablespoons. Rat droppings are not to exceed 10 mg. lb, and 4% insect

infestation is allowed. What a bargain!

(While  the  FDA  allows  a  certain  amount  of  contamination  in  almost  all  harvested  foods,  the

allowable levels for chocolate products are substantially higher.)

Is there life without chocolate? What is a morning without coffee? Is that what you’re asking

yourself? The truth is, life starts when the use of such stimulating, damaging drugs stops! Cereal

beverages such as Postum, Pioneer and Roma provide a nice substitute for the harmful coffee

bean.

In addition, there are many delicious herbal teas on the market which are aromatic, naturally

sweet, and contain no caffeine.

For a delightful hot chocolaty drink, try a hot carob drink.

Seventy Percent What?

Of course, as a rule, pure water is the fluid the body needs and craves the majority of the time.

We’re  not  70  percent  coffee,  tea,  and  soda  you  know!  Such  drinks  do  supply  the  body  with

fluid, but they do it at a definite cost to one’s health!

What is carob? It is a delicious, naturally sweet, natural alternative to chocolate. Carob grows

on the locust tree and supplies dietary protein (8%), is high in natural sugar (46%), rich in fiber,

low  in  fat,  contains  B  vitamins,  calcium,  magnesium,  potassium,  iron,  manganese,  chromium,

copper, and nickel.

It is also a rich source of pectin, a fiber which has been shown to lower serum cholesterol levels.

69

Truly,  coffee,  tea,  colas,  and  chocolate  drinks  can  be  correctly  named,  Calamity  In  A  Cup.  It’s

easy to see why some investigators call caffeine “the most popular stimulant drug used in the

world.” 70

As  America’s  health  deteriorates,  stress  levels  rise,  and  coping  abilities  seem  frazzled  beyond

belief, it would do us all well to restudy and re-evaluate this hot topic.

The  facts  are  quite  clear.  There’s  another  powerful,  legal  Colombian  cartel  at  work  today.  Its

psychoactive, addictive product is freely available, and it’s served in most American homes and Calamity in a Cup

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businesses   every   day.   It   is   taken   in   large   quantities   by   many   at   the   office,   possibly

compromising their performance, yet nothing is said. No urine checks are threatened. No jobs

are legally at risk.

It’s America’s most popular social, “mind-altering” drug, being offered to most every visitor at

home and office, yet no one rises in protest. No police raid these “pot” parties—many gladly

join in!

Hooked On “Pot” Yes, there’s trouble brewing in America today. America is hooked on pot—the

coffee pot! But coffee’s perks are not worth the price. Is that coffee in your cup really, the best

part of waking up? The evidence gives grounds for an instant answer— NO!

Perhaps  it’s  time  to  enlarge  our  war  on  drugs.  when  offered  a  methylxanthine-containing

substance like coffee, tea, perhaps it’s time to —JUST SAY NO!!

YES IT IS A PRETTY WICKED BREW… BUT—

There’s  hope!  While  it’s  not  an  easy  thing  to  quit  using  caffeine,  it’s  by  no  means  a  mission

impossible  either.  Since  caffeine  has  been  called  “the  bad  habit  glue,”*  we  can  honestly  say

that while you’re quitting, you may feel like you’re coming unglued—and you will be, but in a

very helpful, healthy way.

Among  other  things,  caffeine  withdrawal  can  include  headaches,  jittery  nerves,  dizziness

irritability, and drowsiness. You may experience many symptoms, or just a few.

But don’t worry! You don’t need to be a Java-Junkie forever. Caffeine is a toxic, addictive drug

like morphine. But if you’ll follow 11 simple steps, quitting will much be much more “enjoyable”

and successful!

*The Physiological Basis of Medical Practice 7 th  Ed., 1961,p. 1210.

1-  Make  good  use  of  any  daily  leisure  time.  Idlness  may  encourage  self-indulgence  and  can

make bad habits harder to break.

2- Keep a diary in a notebook, recording success or failure on each of these points. Often the

very  act  of  writing  will  give  you  greater  compliance.  Don’t  be  discouraged  by  failures,  nor

overconfident by success.

3-  Control  your  diet  rigidly,  since  it  can  be  a  major  factor  in  overcoming  cravings.  For,  days,

carefully follow these instructions:

o        Don’t overeat, even good foods

o         Nicotine  in  tobacco  and  purines  in  meat  are  chemically  related  to  caffeine.  Using  them

will prolong your cravings

o         Vinegar,  spices,  hot  peppers  and  drinking  at  meal  time  irritate  the  stomach  and  cause

poor digestion, which can cause a lack of self-control

o        Alcohol use greatly reduces self-control

o        Eat mainly complex carbohydrates (fruits, nuts, grains, veggies, legumes) since they tend

to produce a calming effect on the nervous system  Calamity in a Cup

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4- If you are thirsty at mealtime, eat fruits of the succulent vegetables and your thirst will be

satisfied. Drink 2-3 glasses of water 30 minutes before eating.

5  –  Caffeine  use  is  often  tied  to  sugar  addiction.  Avoid  ALL  sugar  for  5  days.  (check  labels  for

hidden sugars (any “-tose or -rose” word)

6- If you feel drowsiness (most do), a brush massage followed by a cool shower will help. Take

short rotary strokes, or long slow strokes with a fairly stiff brush on the skin. Start at the fingers

and toes, and move toward the heart. [It would be a good idea to get some extra rest and sleep

as well to allow your body to do the work it needs to do.]

7  -Take  a  tepid  (body  temperature)  bath,  20  minutes  once  daily,  or  when  needed,  to  rid  of

nervous feelings.

8.- Caffeine users have a deeply ingrained nueromuscuIar habit of drinking from a nearby cup.

So, always have a cup of herb tea or cool water ready. You should drink 8-10 glasses of water a

day to avoid dehydration. This will lubricate your tissues, brain, muscles, joints, intestines, and

skin, and will help flush out toxins brought in by the coffee.

9-  Some  of  the  most  annoying  symptoms  are  due  to  caffeine’s  altering  the  chemistry  of  the

forebrain.  In  caffeine’s  absence,  you  may  experience  dizziness,  backache,  visual  disturbances,

and other problems. Don’t be alarmed. Don’t panic. They’ll disappear in a few days. You must

persevere to overcome this habit!

10-  The  most  common  withdrawal  symptom  is  headache.  To  combat  this,  or  any  withdrawal

symptom, keep a cup of any brown drink (coffee, tea, cola, etc.) in the refrigerator and take one

tablespoon.  Wait  30  minutes,  and  if  symptoms  continue,  take  another  tablespoon.  Repeat  as

often as necessary, but only take ONE tablespoon at a time. You can also try deep breathing.

Take a long, deep breath and hold for 20 seconds. Breathe out and hold for 10. Repeat up to 50

times if necessary.

11-  Trust  in  Divine  power.  God  loves  you  and  wants  you  to  be  freed  from  this  debilitating

addiction. He has promised:

“I am the…God of all flesh: is there anything too hard for me?” Jeremiah 32:21 When it comes

to kicking a caffeine habit:

 “With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.” Matthew 19:26

God wants you to “prosper and be in health,” (3 John 2)

He’s concerned about your health and happiness. If you will follow these 11 simple steps, you’ll

find both!

God  says  He  “is  able  even  to  subdue  all  things  unto  Himself”  (Philip  3:21),  and  that  includes

caffeine! If you use caffeine, why not ask Him to subdue it today?

Remember,  caffeine  is  a  powerful,  addictive,  mind-altering  stimulant.  While  these  steps  will

help break the caffeine habit, they will not work without determined effort. Don’t omit any step

-each one is essential!  Calamity in a Cup

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  FIFTH AVENUE CAROB CREAM PIE

If you’re depressed because of the bad news about chocolate, cheer up! Take a few minutes to

fix the carob pie recipe. Then, enjoy it with a friend and watch their surprise when you tell them

it isn’t chocolate! Who said giving up chocolate is no fun?

One taste and you’ll know why we call it this!

Blend until very smooth!

1 cup water

½ cup caschews (raw)

1 tsp. Vanilla

½ teaspoon salt

ADD and continue to blend!

1 cup Pitted Dates softened in 1 cup water (Add Both)

3 TBSN corn starch

3 TBSN Carob powder

1 tbsn ROMA or Postum (Optional, but adds a full, rich flavour)

Pour  into  saucepan,  and  thicken,  stirring  constantly.  When  thick,  pour  into  baked  Granola

Crunch or regular pie crust. Chill and serve. You’ll never want chocolate again!  It’s that good!

The pudding is delicious layered with granola and sliced bananas for a special breakfast treat. It

is  also  great  layered  with  chilled  Dreamy  Cream  Whip  in  a  parfait  glass,  topped  with  a

strawberry or a few carob chips. For a real taste treat, try a dish of fresh strawberries topped

with this versatile pudding.

GOOD To The Last Drop ?

How good is caffeine? All the facts are not in yet, but here are a few more studies that seem to

support the growing concern over caffeine’s safety:

Pregnancy

“A relatively small amount of caffeine consumed during pregnancy and lactation causes central

nervous system impairment in laboratory animals.” Biology of the neonate 49:277-283, 1986

“Caffeine  use  may  promote  abnormal  fetal  nervous  system  development.”  JOGN  Nursing

Jan/Feb, 1983

BLADDER

 “Coffee  drinking  may  be  related  to  cancer  of  the  lower  urinary  tract,  including  the  bladder.

These cancer rates are very high in those who drink more than 3 cups per day.” J of Nat’l Cancer

Inst. 54(3) 587, 1975  Calamity in a Cup

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HEART

“More than 3 cups/day increases cholesterol levels & heart disease risk.” JAMA. 251(10)1407-

1411, 1985

“Those who consume coffee have a more rapid heart beat under mental stress than those who

do not drink coffee.” Psychosomatic Medicine 54:344-353, 1992

PMS

“PMS sufferers may see some Improvement if they stop using caffeine products” Am J of Public

Health 80 (9) 1106-10, 1990

THE LAST SCOOP

A few final words about caffeine from those who know it best—clinicians and  Researchers.

Anyone who drinks two or more servings of caffeinated beverages per day is at risk for possible

withdrawal effects.”   NEJ Med. 327(16)1161, 1992

“A craving for chocolate may be linked to hysteroid dyspnoric syndrome [depression].” J Nerve

& Mental Disease 175(8)491 1987

“Physicians  need  to  consider  the  possibility  of  caffeine  withdrawal  in  patients  who  have

headaches, depression, fatigue, and drowsiness.” NEJ Med. 327(16) 1161, 1992

“The daily ingestion of even this amount [1 cup] of a potent alkaloid [coffee] is bound, to exert

some pharmacological action.” Pharmecological Basis of Theraputics 4 th  ed. P. 360

Caffeine  can  produce  a  clinical  dependence  syndrome  similar  to…other  psychoactive  drugs.”

American Medical News 10/10/94 p. 23

What we found is that caffeine interacts with stress and intensifies it.” Dr.James Lane Psychiatry

Researcher.

Women  who  really  want  to  play  it  safe,  should  avoid  caffeine  use  altogether”  Richard  B.

Johnson MD. March of Dimes Medical Director.

If caffeine were up for approval [before the FDA] today, it probably could only be obtained by

prescription.” Dr. Jere E. Goyan FDA, 1987

Exposure to caffeine at the time of brain development results in retarded {brain growth] of 90%

of [rat] embryos.” (Human fetal brain growth begins at week 3-5 of pregnancy) Teratogenesis

Carcinogenesis Mutagenesis 14:205-211, 1994

  Depression!

Ask almost anyone what would happen if they stopped drinking coffee, and they may say: “I’d

feel so depressed!” The truth is, coffee drinking  may be a significant cause of depression.

Studies  show  that  arousal-producing  agents  such  as  stimulants,  or  severe  stress,  can  actually

damage the delicate nerves deep within the brain.  Calamity in a Cup

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It  is  here  that  corticotropin-raising  hormone  (CRH)  is  produced.  CRH  is  the  hormone  that,

through a chain of reactions, prompts the adrenals to produce cortisol.

As  stress  or  stimulants  like  caffeine  bloc  normal  mechanism  that  shuts  off  CRH  production,

hypersecretions  of  both  CRH  and  cortisol  are  the  result.  And  that  spells  trouble-perhaps

permanent damage! A-for those delicate nerves that control CRH release. Consider that:

“The most consistent finding in biologic psychiatry is that patients with major depression often

have Hypercortisolism (too much cortisol)…B

This  suggests  that  even  if  one  stops  using  caffeine  products,  he  or  she  may  battle  with  a

tendency toward depression for the rest of his or her life B as a result of this nerve damage and

destruction.

A: Endocrinology 114:287-292, 1984

B: The New England Journal of Medicine 319(7)413-420,1988

  Caffeine & Hypertension (high b/p)

  1. -Can render anti-hypertensive medication ineffective because it raises B/P A
  2. -May effect both diagnosis & treatment of disease; authors suggest abstinence. B
  3. 2-3 C. raises diastolic Blood Pressure for 3 hours. B
  4. 2 C/day can raise B/P 20% C
  5. Borderline hypertensives who face daily stress should avoid caffeine. D

A, Psychosomatic Medicine 45,447-451,1983

B, Am J of Hypertension 7:755-58, 1994

C, Psychosomatic Medicine 52:320-336, 1990

D, Psychosomatic Medicine 56:147-180, 1994

 

 

Each white blood cell should kill 14 “bugs” in its lifetime. As you can see, sugar greatly hinders

them in their work. The fewer “bugs” killed, the greater your chance of sickness. Look at what 6

teaspoons of sugar in 2 cups of coffee will do. One can of soda has an average of 12 teaspoons

of sugar! The typical American eats 52 teaspoons per day. But there’s more sour news about

sugar. Several recent studies found that:

REGULARLY USING 1 TEASPOON OF SUGAR IN COFFEE INCREASED COLON CANCER RISK BY 40%.

AND 3 TEASPOONS DOUBLED IT! A –

That, the researchers said, MAKES SUGAR AS GREAT A RISK FACTOR FOR COLORECTAL CANCER

AS ANIMAL FAT AND RED MEAT. A

A:  Int’l  J  Epidemiology  22(2)207-214,  1993  Journal  of  Nutrition  124(4)517-523,  1994    Atlanta

Journal Constitution 4/10/94

CAFFEINE and DIABETES

Two cups of coffee significantly raises blood sugar, thus leading to high incidence of functional

hypoglycemia in coffee drinkers A

Caffeine can be considered a risk factor in the production of diabetes B

Caffeine makes diabetes much worse in mouse experiments C

Coffee may trigger dangerous false blood sugar values D

A: Lancet 1:627-529 3/11/67

B: JAMA 231:965, 1975

C: Medical World New 33, 2/19/65

D: Annals Int. Medicine 119(8)799-804, 1993

   REFERENCES

  1. Lifeline 5 (1) Jan/Feb, 199O
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  5. Journal of Rehabilitation 45: July/Aug/Sept I992
  6. New England Journal of Medicine 314(10) 651, 1985
  7. American Medical News 23: October, 1994
  8. Dorland’s Medical Dictionary, WB. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1994,p. 67
  9. Food Chem Toxicol 24 :835-842, 1986;23 747-752, 1985; Mutogenesis 4:343-348, 1989
  10. Food and Drug Administration news release number P80-36, Sept. 4, 1980 Calamity in a Cup

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11 Journal of Family Practice, 4(6)1180-1188,1977.

  1. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 42(1)84-85, Jan. 1991.
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  3. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 93(1)120-122, 1984.
  4. H.A. deVries, Physiology of exercise, DuBuque, IA,WmBrown, 1966,p. 395
  5. Psychosomatic Medicine 56:267-270, 1994
  6. Psychosomatic Medicine 56:164-165,1994
  7. Journal of the American Medical Association 255(2)259-260,1986
  8. Journal of the American Medical Association 231:965,1975
  9. American Journal of Psychiatry 138:178-183,1981
  10. Internal Medicine News, 63-73,1/26/1976,
  11. Neurotoxicology / Teritology 16(1)11-15,1994
  12. Life Sciences, 47:1141-1146,1990.
  13. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 87:1048-1053,1987.
  14. International Journal of Epidemiology 14:239-248, 1985.
  15. J.R. Di Palma, Drill’s Pharmacology in Medicine, 4th Ed., Now York, McGraw-Hill, 1971, pp.

538-539

  1. Medical Tribune for the Family Physician 35(5), 1994
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197

  1. Lancet, 1:527-529, March 11,1967

3I. Surgery 86:105-109, 1979; Internal Medicine Alert 2:53,1980: JAMA 255 (2) 259-260, 1986

  1. Journal of the American Medical Association 71:240, 1977
  2. Cancer Research 28:2375-2389,1968
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1986;23:747- 52  1985

  1. Journal of the American Medical Association 270(24)2974, 1993 Dr. Brenda Eskanazi
  2. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 54:587,1975
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Maarse, Volatile Compounds in Food, Vol. 2, 6th Ed., Zeist, 1989  Calamity in a Cup

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  1. American Journal of Epidemiology 117:113-127, 1983; /Nat. Cancer Inst. 54:587, 1975
  2. American Journal of Public Health 74(8)820-23,1984
  3. Georgia Hodgkin, M.S., RD., et.al., ‘Caffeine: Bad to the Last Drop’, Loma Linda, CA
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  7. Annals of Saudi Medicine 8(2)108-112,1988
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4(1)43-50 1984

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2:687, 1979

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148-151, 1980  Calamity in a Cup

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1992

  1. The Journal of Emergency Medicine 13(1)113-117, 1995

The remarkable talent of caffeine is to mimic adenosine’s shape and size, and enter the receptors without activating them. The receptors are then effectively blocked by caffeine (in clinical terms, caffeine is an antagonist of the A1 adenosine receptor).

This is important not only because by blocking the receptors caffeine disrupts the nervous system’s monitoring of the adenosine tab, but also because of the players who make an appearance as this is happening.  The neurotransmitters dopamine and glutamate, the brain’s own home-grown stimulants, are freer to do their stimulating work with the adenosine tab on hold, and that’s the effect you feel not long after downing your triple shot skinny mochachino.

In other words, it’s not the caffeine that’s doing the stimulating. Instead, it’s keeping the doors blocked while the real party animals of the brain do what they love to do.

As every good coffee drinker knows, this effect lessens over time.  It steadily takes more and more caffeine to achieve the same level of stimulation from your excitatory neurotransmitters. This is the irritating dynamic we all know as “tolerance.”

The reason it seems that coffee and tea became a morning ritual is that caffeine helps fight off the sleepy feelings we’re left with after a night of paying off a full adenosine tab. That’s something our favorite legal drug is quite proficient at doing.

What it’s not so good at doing, though we’d like it to be, is keeping us chugging away no matter how much sleep we miss.  For a little while it might seem like caffeine is warding off sleep deprivation, but the effect won’t last. Eventually the nervous system wins (it pays to remember: the house always wins).

Of course, these effects vary depending on many things, including body type, weight and age. For some one cup of coffee will help kick things up; for others it might take three cups. And as mentioned, tolerance of caffeine is a major variable no matter what source you prefer for your drug of choice.

So if you decide to kick the habit, how long will it take to work through withdrawal? That depends on how much caffeine you routinely consume, but for the average two or three-cup a day coffee drinker, expect up to 10 days of symptoms like headaches, fatigue and a general feeling of wanting to shout loudly into peoples’ faces.

MY THOUGHTS

Cocoa study was sponsored by Mars inc. so the question is, are those promoting coffee studies independent or sponsored by coffee industry?

Every plant has so many active ingredients that we can always find something beneficial. Some of them, however, including coffee, roasted and green tea, cocoa, etc. contain also toxines such as methylxantines and for this reason shouldnt be promoted as healthy or safe even in small amounts. All the more since all of them are highly addictive and not too many of us, especially children, posess strong enough will power to resist temptation of consuming them often and in large quantities.

It is true that green tea contain antyoxidants but why not promote something which is high in antyoxidants but free from toxic caffeine or teophiline such as rooibos tea or olive leaf?

Michael Greger M.D.

What about coffee?

There’s some new data on coffee and liver cancer. Should coffee still be considered good for us? Yes, we knew it decreased our risk of diabetes, and, there’s new evidence to support that, but what we didn’t know until this year is that it protects us from liver cancer as well, protects us from brain cancer, and protects us from death—decreased all cause mortality. This should not be a surprise. What is coffee, but beans and water? It’s a plant food. You know how soybeans have those healthy phytoestrogens? Well, now we know, so does coffee.

The reason I do not recommend drinking coffee is that there is something even healthier to drink instead, and that’s tea. Coffee is beans in water; tea is a dark green leafies in water, and though both are healthy, certainly, greens beat out beans, and pretty much everything else.

What About the Caffeine?

Yes, coffee may reduce cancer risk, but what about the caffeine? Oh, you mean the substance that increases energy availability and expenditure, decreases fatigue and the sense of effort associated with physical activity, enhances physical, motor, and cognitive performance, increases alertness, wakefulness and feelings of energy, decreases mental fatigue, quickens reactions, and increases their accuracy, increases the ability to concentrate and focus attention, enhances short-term memory, the ability to solve problems, the ability to make correct decisions, enhancing cognitive functioning capabilities and neuromuscular coordination, and in otherwise healthy non-pregnant adults is safe. That caffeine? What do they mean by moderate amounts, though? Up to a thousand milligrams, about 10 cups of coffee a day. What about this though. A case of fatal caffeine poisoning. 21 year woman—10,000 mg of caffeine, by swallowing a bottle of caffeine pills. The equivalent to about hundred cups of coffee at one time is, indeed, too much. The non-pregnant is an important caveat, though. New advice has been issued to restrict caffeine intake in pregnancy to under just 200 mg a day.

COMMENTS

I have read that consuming caffeine within an hour of eating can negatively affect the absorption of many nutrients, particularly iron and various vitamins. as a vegan, i could be at risk for an iron deficiency.

I read on Jack Norris’ site that caffeine contributes to osteoporosis. I love my tea, but I think I will be sticking to just one cup a day. Kale seems to be the most friendly vegan calcium source and it doesn’t “cut the mustard” against the recommended DVs for calicum and Norris thinks vegans need just as much calcium as omnis.

Well, all research points to how healthy the green tea is.

I love it, the greener the better( sencha is my favorite). Unfortutanely I have discovered that I got addicted to it. I have troubles concentrating without it, very irritable too. I am from Russia and I grew up drinking lots of black tea. For 5 years in my 20ies I stopped all tea and anything with caffeine. After childbirth, I restarted drinking green tea and haven’t stopped since. I have developed chest pains and bone pain that goes away after I stop  drinking anything with caffeine (My doctor and I couldn’t figure out any other reasons-all tests were negative). I drink on average 4-6 cups of Organic Rishi Sencha (loose leaf, very grassy). I am 115 pounds and 5.4 so maybe I have developed a sensitivity to caffeine due to low weight and lower rate of detoxification? Regarding addictive quality of caffeine, do you think it is just with alcohol and alcoholics, who  can not stop after tasting a drop of it ?They often talk about benefits of alcohol or dark chocolate when ‘moderately  consumed’? But what is “moderation” to an addicted brain?

Caldwell Essyslten says that we should avoid coffee because it damages our epitheleal cell walls

What about the risk of caffeine to cardiovascular health? Only recently, Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn started recommending that people avoid coffee with caffeine. “Several studies indicate it may contribute injury to the lining of the artery.”

What about the studies that say it raises homocystine and blood pressure? And what about caffeine addiction and withdrawals: the rummy feeling until you get your morning fix, the headaches, irritability and compulsive coffee-seeking behavior. I’ve seen it in others and it isn’t a pretty picture. I never started the caffeine habit after observing it as a child in my father, how he tried and failed to quit, and I have no reason to start in now, considering that its supposed mild benefits are readily available by living a clean life and a diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables. I may not wake up fully alert, but I’m ready to take on the day within half an hour, even if I don’t go for my run first.

I saw long time ago a small documentary about a study on caffeine deprivation. Two individuals, both had something like a liter of coffee a day. One of them was given decaf during a week. On the 3rd and 4th day, his aptitude for reflex and problem solving tests were at a all time low, he was fatigued, almost vegetative. 5th day he started recovering, on the 7th and 8th day he was normal, and the tests regular. The other individual suffered a bit of a placebo, also felt fatigued, despite the tests being regular during the entire week.

I have in average two espressos a day. I have once deprived myself of coffee for two weeks, and I experimented the exact same symptoms. 3rd and 4th day very tired, hard to concentrate, fatigued. Then recovered and got perfectly ok.

The point being, like all drugs, you get a boost if you have a decent dose caffeine while not being used to it. If you are used to it, then you need it to keep on doing your daily stuff, while not having the benefits of the boost a non-caffeine consuming person does.

One comment about the “coffee is good for you” message in this video. It is not supported by one of the articles you show an image of. Specifically, the article “Trigonelline Is a Novel Phytoestrogen in Coffee Beans” by Allred et al concludes that Trigonelline that is found in coffee “stimulates the growth of estrogen-dependent breast tumors in vivo”.

I’m staying away from coffee. Most coffee drinkers I know look unhealthy. I’m not saying it’s the coffee, but there’s something about that lifestyle that I want no part of. Plus, how good does it taste without the milk/cream/sugar — the nasties?

I tried coffee once and got addicted for a year. Then I started getting insomnia, palpitations and other problems. I decided to quit drinking. I felt so much better after about a week and never touched coffee since. I believe the risks outweigh the benefits with coffee. I also read this article 2 years ago http://www.forbes.com/sites/tr… and through my own experience and what I see happen with regular coffee drinkers, I’m happy I quit drinking coffee.

I have heard that coffee can cause hormonal imbalance leading to the formation of ovarian cysts. Have you heard anything about this? Also, although you advocate green tea consumption, I have heard that it is very high in fluoride and that fluoride causes cognitive decline.

How something so acidic can be healthy?

Hold on, studies have showed that coffee raises cholesterol levels whilst green tea lowers them. If you are a cholesterol hypothesis fan as Dr Gregor appears to be then coffee could be a bad idea for some

Caffeine raises cortisol. If you’re already stressed, caffeine just adds fuel to fire.

Let’s be honest about our addiction and stop trying to justify it by claiming that it’s healthy. It’s not. The real reason we started drinking coffee was because of the kick it gave us. Now that we’re addicted to it, we no longer get that same kick, if any at all, we just drink it because we’re hooked on it and can’t function otherwise.

Don Forrester MD-NF

Caffeine is less in tea than coffee and is absent in some teas. Some of my patients are very sensitive to caffeine and others not. Given the half life of about 6 hours if you consume 120 mg of caffeine( about 1 cup of coffee) at 9 AM you will still have 30 mg of caffeine in your blood at 9 PM. If you have trouble sleeping this could be a contributing factor. We have seen many detrimental things being attributed to caffeine over the years but most are due to the other things that coffee drinkers tend to do. From my perspective it depends on the individual but like many things as pointed out in this video… the dose is important. Even too much water can be fatal as one Sacramento area radio station found out in their contest…. hold your Wee for a Wii contest that Dr. Greger mentioned in one of his earlier video’s.

In the case of serious research on the acute effects of coffee and caffeine, it is necessary, I think, to distinguish between the effects habitual caffeine drinkers experience and effects experienced by those who rarely or never ingest caffeine.

When we habitually start drinking coffee, caffeine receptors are created on the cell walls. These receptors require regular caffeine. Similar mechanisms for other alkaloids.

I think it’s quite comical to ascribe coffee an energizing effect, when coffee is the cause of the fatigue.

My personal experience is this. I avoid coffee and caffeine drinks if I can. When I drink a cup of coffee, I can feel a very slight stimulating effect after 5-6 hours. That is all. I am fully refreshed and clear in my head when I wake up in the morning. The same absence of fatigue between meals.

Maybe I’m an exception. I’ve been a vegetarian / vegan for 60 years.

I am 5 days off coffee now, again, and can’t believe the relief. I am having some Yerbe Mate tea, but not the reaction I had with the coffee. Even if I had a half cup of coffee, I would be in such a state and light headed, bladder problems, and on and on, that I couldn’t stand to be in my own skin. I love it, but it’s a no go.

Even a single cup of coffee can raise anxiety to very uncomfortable levels for sensitive individuals. Caffeine is a drug which some people can tolerate much better than others.

The Curse of the Coffee, Tea and Beer Drinkers

by Bill Sardi

Recently by Bill Sardi: The Dietary Supplement Label the FDA Doesn’t Want You To See

What do all of the illnesses below have in common?

    A policeman is flagged down by a 32-year-old woman at a park in Joliet, Illinois who says she can’t remember who she is or how she got there. She is later found to be a mother of four children living in Jackson, Michigan. Her name is Amber. She has not recovered memory of her earlier life or what triggered her amnesia. Doctors are at a loss to know what caused this case of “global amnesia.”

    Marie is college educated, with a father who is a physician and mother who is a nurse, and she can’t find anyone who can tell her why she is experiencing severe nausea and vomiting early in her first pregnancy. No one seems to know. Folk remedies are sought. Despite being the most common torment of pregnancy, the cause of morning sickness remains a mystery. Or is it?

    Jim, a rock sculptor living near Ontario, California, looks like Indiana Jones in the movie Raiders Of The Lost Ark. Prop him up on a bar stool drinking down some brew and he would fit into any beer commercial. He is manly but has an unmanly and embarrassing problem. All of a sudden he can’t seem to control his bowels. He is running to the bathroom all the time. His doctor says it is irritable bowel syndrome, a now common condition that forces sufferers to be closely tethered to bathrooms. A drug is prescribed that slows down gastric transit time but induces sleepiness, and can’t be taken while driving. But what is the cause of his problem?

    Jackie is out of work and living in Santa Fe, New Mexico and suffering with relentless pain that has been diagnosed as fibromyalgia. Doctors don’t seem to have an answer as to what causes this problem. Inexplicably, a number of people with fibromyalgia report having the same problem as Jim the rock sculptor (above), irritable bowel. Are the two conditions linked in any way? An estimated 5 million Americans have fibromyalgia, some of them children.

    Robert, an award-winning journalist, wakes up one morning with a slight weakness in his left leg. Then he begins to lose his ability to speak. He has to say “yes” or “no” by shifting his eyes. Doctors offer an experimental drug. For unexplained reasons, doctors delay treatment until Robert loses feeling throughout his body and is now permanently confined to a wheelchair. Doctors say Robert had a bout of Guillain Barré syndrome that never went into remission as most other cases do. Again, doctors have no idea of the cause of this progressive loss of nervous system control, some believing it is triggered by a virus.

    Steve, age 35, had been suffering heart palpitations for years and finally was diagnosed with atrial fibrillation, a quivering heart muscle in the top chambers of the heart. Surgery and medication began to slowly help Steve regain his energy. Steve wonders if his children will inherit his problem. Despite successful treatment, neither surgery nor medication addresses the still unknown cause of atrial fibrillation. Millions of Americans, mostly men, face this same problem. Treatment consists of prescribing blood thinners to prevent a blood clot in the heart being thrown into the lungs or brain and controlled destruction of the heart muscle (ablation) itself. But what is its cause?

    Martin, at age 56, first noticed could not keep up with his 70-year old brother in law when out hunting. He began to experience shortness of breath, fatigue, swelling in his ankles and a persistent cough. The diagnosis: heart failure. The cure: the implantation of a device in his chest that helps his heart pump blood. The device is credited with saving his life. More commonly heart failure is treated with a battery of drugs. But a recent study shows the drugs are of negligible value.

Strikingly, all of these illnesses may be related to a single nutritional deficiency.

Vitamin deficiencies not on modern medicine’s radar screen

Could modern medicine completely miss detection of a widespread vitamin deficiency disease that emanates as many different diseases? Dr. Derrick Lonsdale MD, a practicing physician in Cleveland, Ohio and noted expert on the subject, says “it is possible to start thinking that our disease model is catastrophically wrong.” 22116701

In a recently published journal article Dr. Lonsdale says that the origin of this oversight can be traced to when “vitamins fell into disrepute and even today they are often spurned by physicians who regard their pharmaceutical use as absurd.”

The vitamin deficiency Dr. Lonsdale is talking about: thiamin – vitamin B1, the very first vitamin ever discovered. Unknowingly, due to a shift towards high carbohydrate diets, refined sugars and availability of alcohol, beri beri, the name for vitamin B1 deficiency disease, is alive and well in the modern world even though it was thought to be conquered through food fortification decades ago.

Modern beri beri is subtle. It is not the same vitamin deficiency disease that was traced to removal of bran from polished rice decades ago and quelled with vitamin fortified foods. As Dr. Lonsdale says, modern beri beri as a disease characterized by high calorie intake and where the diet is rich in carbohydrates. It occurs in over-fed human populations. As early as 1914 it was known that the risk for beriberi increases with greater carbohydrate and sugar consumption.

Dr. Lonsdale says there are often surprisingly clear clues to the disease found in the diet. Sugary foods, particularly those with sucrose and fructose, are the primary offenders. A classic example would be a person who consumes three or four cans of soda pop a day. A shortage of vitamin B1 then results in inefficient use of oxygen in the body and tissues that require high amounts of oxygen, such as the heart and brain, suffer the most.

The beri beri drum beats on

The list of maladies linked to vitamin B1 deficiency is extensive. It goes beyond heart failure, fibromyalgia and atrial fibrillation mentioned above.

In fact, in virtually every nerve disorder, including multiple sclerosis and glaucoma (optic nerve) a shortage of vitamin B1 should be ruled out with a strong repeated dose of a highly absorbable form of thiamin.

Today doctors may misdiagnose thiamin deficiency symptoms as Alzheimer’s disease, congestive heart failure, amnesia, anorexia, cancer, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), peripheral neuropathy, irritable bowel (ulcerative colitis), loss of vision (amblyopia, cataract), epilepsy, schizophrenia, Guillain-Barré syndrome, glaucoma, arthritis, hearing loss, and psychosis.

In an era where modern medicine treats nearly every disease as if it were a “drug deficiency,” recent studies reveal that an overlooked nutrient, vitamin B1, may have profound effect in treating or reducing the risk for major diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, diabetic-related disorders (retinopathy, neuropathy, kidney disease), and heart failure.

Disappointingly, thiamine itself has not been shown to produce a significant or consistent benefit in clinical trials of Alzheimer’s disease. But a recent study shows that the fat-soluble form of vitamin B1 (benfotiamine) raises brain thiamine levels and improves cognitive (thinking) ability in laboratory mice. This study runs contrary to a prior study which said benfotiamine does not raise thiamin levels in the brain. Is Alzheimer’s disease actually a form of “sugar on the brain” and vitamin B1 its antidote?

The elusive origin of fibromyalgia

There are other disorders that have arisen in modern times that exhibit elusive origins that may involve thiamin deficiency. One is the modern plague of fibromyalgia, which continues to confound modern medicine. Physicians often believe the common symptoms of fibromyalgia are totally psychosomatic (“in their head”) since there is no blood test or other marker that explains the “disease.”

Fibromyalgia symptoms overlap with those of irritable bowel syndrome, temporomandibular join (TMJ) disorder and chronic low back pain. Conventional treatment is disappointing.

In a 1998 report published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, registered dietician Barbara A. Monroe noted that fibromyalgia has many similarities with thiamin deficiency, such as muscle tenderness, frequent headaches, sleep disturbances, fatigue. In developed countries, alcohol consumption explains most of the cases of thiamin deficiency. The fact that fibromyalgia has been linked to alcoholism in first-degree relatives suggests there may also be genetic imprinting involved, passing on the genetic patterns induced by alcohol-related thiamin deficiency.

Vitamin B1 and diabetes

In 2008 researchers said: “More immediately, given the emerging multiple benefits of thiamine repletion, even mild thiamine deficiency in diabetes should be avoided and thiamine supplementation to high dose should be considered as adjunct nutritional therapy to prevent dyslipidemia (abnormal blood cholesterol) and the development of vascular complications in clinical diabetes.”

One wonders about the role of thiamin deficiency not just in the prevention of diabetic complications, such a kidney, retinal and nerve damage, but in the actual onset of the disease itself.

Thiamine deficiency appears to thin the lining in the digestive tract, leading to increased passage (permeability) of sugars from the diet. In fact, the complete disappearance of diabetes and the need for insulin therapy has been documented with thiamin therapy. Some researchers have described diabetes as “a thiamin-deficient state.” A lack of thiamin impairs enzyme (transketolase) activity, a key enzyme involved in the control of sugar within living cells.

Cardiac beriberi: thiamin deficiency heart failure

Heart failure induced by a deficiency of thiamin is called cardiac beriberi. Anywhere from 3% to 91% of patients with heart failure are vitamin-B1 deficient. Thiamin supplementation is not widely practiced among cardiac patients despite evidence of its importance.

An alarming study conducted among hospitalized patients with congestive heart failure found a third (33%) of patients were thiamin deficient compared to healthy subjects (12%). In another study, 98% of patients taking a 80 mg dose of a common diuretic (furosemide) were found to be deficient in vitamin B1. Increased urinary loss of thiamin was the primary cause of the vitamin deficiency, pointing to the widespread use of diuretics in this patient population as the primary cause of the vitamin shortage.

The tragedy of this is that cardiologists commonly prescribe two thiamin-depeleting drugs – digoxin (digitalis) and furosemide (a water pill) – to treat heart failure.

Many other drugs deplete vitamin B1. Included in the list are many antibiotics (penicillin, amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, gentamycin, kanamycin, minoxycycline, neomycin, doxycycline and tetracycline). Theophylline, a drug used to treat asthma, dilantin (phenytoin), used to treat seizures, also interfere with vitamin B1.

Atrial fibrillation and vitamin B1 deficiency

Atrial fibrillation is a very common heart rhythm disorder. About 1% of American adults endure this distressing condition which is a major risk for stroke. Advancing age increases risk for atrial fibrillation. Above 80-years of age about 8-percent suffer with this problem.

This is the way a recent review article stated it: “Currently available anti-arrhythmic (anti-abnormal heart rhythm) drugs for the management of AF are not sufficiently effective and are burdened with cardiac and extra-cardiac side effects that may offset their therapeutic benefits. Better knowledge about the mechanisms underlying generation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation may lead to the discovery of new targets for pharmacological interventions.”

In this era of modern medicine, treatment appears to be very crude. Drugs that inhibit blood clotting and subsequent stroke are employed at the risk of inducing hemorrhages, and as a last resort, the patient’s heart tissue is intentionally destroyed by application of electrical energy (radiofrequency), leaving scar tissue behind. Ablation treatment, as it is called, is widely performed, but in this era of evidenced-based medicine, there is no evidence that ablation makes any difference in all-cause mortality. Symptoms are allayed, but does the patient live any longer?

The agonizing experience of atrial fibrillation causes this writer to look into areas not investigated by prior investigators.

Here are some pertinent facts surrounding atrial fibrillation that may help lead to an understanding of its cause:

    Atrial fibrillation and heart failure often co-exist in the same patients. Each condition predisposes to the other. Another abnormal heart rhythm, tachycardia (fast heart rate) is also associated with atrial fibrillation.

    Elevated blood sugar (diabetes) is associated with atrial fibrillation.

    Alcohol abuse and/or illicit drug use may induce atrial fibrillation in young adults, which is not typical for this disease.

    Nausea, vomiting and ringing in the ears (tinnitus) have been reported among patients with atrial fibrillation.

    While both atrial fibrillation and senility (memory loss, Alzheimer’s type) occur more often with advancing age, for unexplained reasons, senile dementia coexists with atrial fibrillation more often in older adults under the age of 70 years.

    Digitalis, a drug often prescribed for patients with heart failure, and is also prescribed for patients with atrial fibrillation, has not been shown to improve atrial function largely due to the fact that digitalis aggravates intracellular calcium overload induced by chronic atrial fibrillation. In fact, digitalis has been described as a dangerous drug in atrial fibrillation. While digitalis reduces morbidity, it has no effect upon survival. Digitalis is even questioned in heart failure. Accidental overdose with untypical digitalis also can induce atrial fibrillation in a child.

    Atrial fibrillation often occurs after heart surgery and may be accompanied by delirium.

    The use of theophylline, an anti-asthma drug, is associated with the onset of atrial fibrillation.

    Cardiac patients treated with a high-dose water pill/diuretic (furosemide) are more likely to experience atrial fibrillation.

    Cancer treatment is associated with atrial fibrillation.

An indirect correlation can be made between atrial fibrillation, the above listed factors, and a covert nutritional deficiency. All of the above co-factors associated with atrial fibrillation are also correlated with a shortage of thiamin – water-soluble vitamin B1.

Vitamin B1 requirements

But still, it is difficult for physicians to fathom that a shortage of a simple vitamin is what causes such widespread disease. After all, the daily requirement for vitamin B1 is just 1.5 milligrams per day, which should easily be met in a world of fortified foods and multivitamins. Furthermore, the body stores about 30-50 milligrams. But body stores can be depleted fairly rapidly, within 4-6 weeks. It is not fully appreciated that the human body’s reserve pool of thiamin, can be fully depleted within days.

Beri beri modernus: it’s in the tea cup, coffee mug and beer stein

The problem of thiamin deficiency may be traced to another daily practice, the consumption of coffee, tea or beer. Many millions of people consume coffee or tea at the same time they take their morning multivitamin. What’s the problem with tea or coffee? They contain tannins (bitter parts) that alter vitamin B1 and render it useless. Sulfite preservatives, as found in wine, are another antagonist to B1. Alcohol also interferes with B1 absorption. In fact, about 30-80% of alcohol users have low circulating levels of B1. The lesson here is not to take vitamin B1 pills with coffee, tea or alcohol.

Highly absorbable B1

Taking common vitamin B1 tablets may not result in resolution of deficiency-related health problems. An obscure form of B1, the fat-soluble benfotiamine form of thiamin, is highly advised. In 1998 it was reported that benfotiamine produces 5 to 25 times greater vitamin B1 levels in the brain than plain thiamin. Over a decade has past while modern medicine has ignored this discovery. It appears that many millions of people may have prematurely become senile who could have averted their age-related brain disorder by supplementing their diet with benfotiamine.

Even oral-dose thiamin may produce no respite from symptoms. Sometimes the only way to remedy a shortage of thiamin in the brain is by intravenous therapy. Benfotiamine may be effective in lieu of intravenous therapy.

Food fortification programs significantly reduce symptoms of beriberi, but fall short of providing complete protection from a totally preventable disease. The single greatest strike against beriberi modernus would be to fortify beer with thiamin. But this has only been mulled over. No action plans have been drawn. .

We should be reminded that vitamin B1 supplements didn’t eradicate beri beri outbreaks in the Japanese navy because they were “unpalatable.” One would guess that sailors would prefer sugar-coated vitamin pills, which would block thiamin absorption.

Human idiosyncrasies will likely confound the best laid plans aimed at disease prevention. Mega-dose vitamin pills will have to be designed to overcome the proclivity for alcohol and sugar, since attempts to get the public to abstain will likely fail.

The many profitable drugs that modern medicine prescribes to curb the symptoms caused by thiamin deficiency disease certainly give no incentive to properly fortify foods and provide adequate doses of thiamin in multivitamins, to get at the cause of this wide-spectrum disease.

Vitamin B1 pill should advisably be taken apart from coffee, tea or alcohol.

Outside the lens of modern medicine

America and other developed countries have developed a lifestyle that unconsciously foments a widespread shortage of vitamin B1. Because medical research focuses on minutiae rather than looking at a broader picture, a disease that is so widespread and manifests itself as many other diseases is outside the lens of modern medicine. Modern medicine is making too much money off of beri beri to cure it.

Surveys show patients themselves demand the costly high-tech care that America showcases to the world rather than 10-cent cures. When it comes to preventing beriberi modernus, it’s every man for himself. Such is the current state of disease prevention in America today.

Common symptoms of beri beri (vitamin B1 deficiency):

    Difficulty walking

    Loss of feeling (sensation) in hands and feet

    Loss of muscle function or paralysis of the lower legs

    Mental confusion/speech difficulties

    Pain

    Uncontrolled side-to-side eye movements (nystagmus)

    Tingling

    Vomiting

    Increased heart rate

    Swelling of lower legs

    Neck veins that stick out

    Droopy eyelids

    Fatigue

    Irritability, moodiness, depression

    Loss of appetite

    Heartburn

    Abdominal pain

    Leg cramps

    Mental confusion

    Underactive thyroid

    Anxiety

    Oversensitivity to pain or noise

    Pain upon pressure to calves (classic early sign)

    Slow heart rate or fast heart rate

    Multiple sclerosis

    Diabetes

    Sleep disturbances

    Memory loss

December 8, 2011

Bill Sardi [send him mail] is a frequent writer on health and political topics. His health writings can be found at www.naturalhealthlibrarian.com. His latest book is Downsizing Your Body.

Copyright © 2011 Bill Sardi Word of Knowledge Agency, San Dimas, California. This article has been written exclusively for www.LewRockwell.com and other parties who wish to refer to it should link rather than post at other URLs.

Caffeine is a highly popular nervous-system stimulant commonly used to alleviate fatigue and increase alertness or wakefulness. According to the Mayo Clinic, caffeine intake of 500 milligrams or more per day can cause a plethora of negative effects ranging from insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, irritability, nausea, irregular heartbeat, headaches and muscle tremors. While it is generally considered safe for most individuals to consume 200 to 300 milligrams daily of caffeine — the equivalent of two to three cups of coffee — individuals who experience discomfort can neutralize its effects.

Step 1

Drink at least 32 ounces of filtered water to help your body begin flushing out the caffeine substance. Drink all 32 ounces in a period of five to 10 minutes to begin re-hydrating your body and restoring minerals that might have been depleted by the caffeine.

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Step 2

Eat one to three servings of fruit or other citrus food high in vitamin C to help restore the minerals sapped by caffeine. According to “The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,” caffeine alters the plasma, whole blood and leukocyte levels regulated by vitamin C concentrations, resulting in a vitamin deficiency in cases of caffeine excess. Make a fruit salad of sliced organic apples, bananas and oranges to help your body combat the vitamin-leeching effects of caffeine.

Step 3

Repair the anxiousness, restlessness and general stressed emotional effects caused by caffeine by taking time out to relax. Set a digital timer for 15 to 60 minutes and select a quiet, solitary area where you can comfortably sit and meditate. Close your eyes and focus on your breathing as you allow your pulse to slow to the rhythm of your breaths. Place one drop of lavender essential oil on your upper lip, directly below your nostrils, to access the calming properties of that herb.

Step 4

Enjoy a healthy meal to help your stomach and digestive system absorb and break down the caffeine. Caffeine is an appetite suppressant, CNN reports, which may confuse the body’s natural reminders to eat food throughout the day. Eat a hearty meal including whole grains such as brown rice and beans, as well as leafy greens such as kale and chard.

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Tips and Warnings

    Exercise may also help speed up your body’s ability to remove caffeine. Burn off that extra energy with a 15 minutes of aerobic exercise such as jogging, swimming, hiking or hot yoga.

    Consult your doctor if you encounter any negative symptoms such as dizziness, anxiety or digestive complications. If you experience negative symptoms frequently, ask your doctor for an allergy test to determine if you are allergic to caffeine.

Things You’ll Need

    32 ounces of filtered water

    Organic apples

    Organic bananas

    Organic oranges

    Digital timer

    Lavender essential oil

References

    Mayo Clinic: Caffeine – You May Like Caffeine’s Effects, But How Much is Too Much?

    “The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition”; The Effect of Vitamin C On The Pharmacokinetics of Caffeine in Elderly Men; J.M. Trang et al.; 1982

    CNN Food Central: Caffeine

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/261114-how-to-neutralize-the-effects-of-caffeine/#ixzz2BuQtLN1G

Although it is a substance that most of us consume everyday, caffeine can be a very dangerous drug that can have a detrimental effect on health if taken inappropriately or by those who already suffer from some medical complaints.

What Is Caffeine?

Caffeine is a naturally occurring product that is found in beans and leaves of many plants around the world. It is present in many of our everyday foods and drinks, and can also be harvested and sold as a supplementary drug, often used by students, sports people and those with busy and hectic lifestyles.

It acts as a stimulant and alters the function and physiology of the brain and nervous system primarily bit can also interferes with digestion and vitamin absorption.

Sources Of Caffeine

Sources of caffeine include coffee, tea, chocolate, cola drinks and some medicines available from pharmacists. It is also found in a variety of sports drinks and energy supplements used by many athletes.

How Does It Affect Vitamin Absorption?

One of the main side-effects of consuming too much caffeine is a frequent urination. This can cause the body to become quite easily and quickly depleted of some of the nutrient essential for maintaining good health. Minerals that can become depleted very easily include calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphate and potassium.

Related Reading…

    The Importance of B Vitamins

    Vitamins for Stronger Teeth and Bones

    Pros and Cons of Vitamin Supplements

    What a Vitamin Deficiency Can Mean to Your Health

    Do Animals Need Vitamin Supplements?

    What Are Fat Soluble Vitamins?

Calcium is essential for bone development and strength, good teeth, muscle contraction and some nerve functions. Magnesium is needed in order to convert food products into energy and for keeping the teeth, bones and muscles strong. Sodium is needed in moderation to help keep the water content of the body at a healthy level. Potassium is needed for good cell maintenance, especially of the heart muscle.

Caffeine is also thought to inhibit the absorption of iron and some of the A and B vitamins.Iron is an essential part of the diet and needed for red blood cell production and function, for the muscles and as part of the immune system.

Preventing Vitamin And Mineral Loss

If you absolutely must drink tea and coffee, add plenty of milk to the drink in order to make up for the amount of calcium absorption that may be lost. Try drinking an extra glass of milk every day also to keep calcium levels healthy.

Try and consume your caffeine between meals, not just before or just after. Give your body the chance to try and absorb some of the goodness from food before caffeine enters the system and prevents this process.

Where possible, restrict the number of soft drinks and amount of chocolate consumed by young children. Children are at the most vulnerable and require a balanced diet full of plenty of vitamins and minerals but this may all be in vain if they are drinking lots of cola and eating lots of chocolate.If necessary, switch your normal brands of drinks and chocolate to caffeine free alternatives.

If it is taken in small amounts, caffeine will not be too damaging to health, but if consumed in great quantities, as many people do by drinking energy drinks or similar, or from drinking too many soft drinks or coffee, it can be detrimental to health both psychologically and physically.

There seems little point in being extremely careful about maintaining a healthy diet full of fruit and vegetables if gallons of cups of coffee are drunk as this will prevent the benefits of the food items from realising their health benefits.

Caffeine is a part of the breakfast meal of many Americans. Many also take a multivitamin supplement daily as a part of their morning routine. Not many people are aware that taking vitamins at the same time as a cup of coffee or tea can interfere with the body’s absorption of many necessary nutrients.

Calcium

Caffeine causes calcium to be excreted in the urine and feces. For every 150 mg of caffeine ingested, about the amount in one cup of coffee, 5 mg of calcium is lost. This effect occurs even hours after the consumption of caffeine. One study of postmenopausal women found that those who consumed more than 300 mg of caffeine lost more bone in the spine than women who consumed less.

Caffeine also inhibits the amount of calcium that is absorbed through the intestinal tract and depletes the amount retained by the bones. Studies have shown that women with high caffeine intake suffer more hip fractures than those who avoid caffeine or drink in moderation (1 to 2 cups per day).

Vitamin D

Caffeine inhibits vitamin D receptors, which limit the amount that will be absorbed. Because vitamin D is important in the absorption and use of calcium in building bone, this could also decrease bone mineral density, resulting in an increased risk for osteoporosis.

Iron

Caffeine interferes with the body’s absorption of iron, which is necessary for red blood cell production. Drinking caffeine at the same time as an iron source can reduce absorption by up to 80%, according to the Nutrition Desk Reference. Any beverage containing caffeine should be separated from iron-containing foods or supplements by at least one hour.

B Vitamins

Caffeine has a mild diuretic effect, which increases urination. Water soluble vitamins, such as the B-vitamins, can be depleted as a result of the fluid loss. In addition, it interferes with the metabolism of some B-vitamins, such as thiamine (vitamin B1). The one exception to this rule appears to be vitamin B12. Caffeine stimulates the production of stomach acid, which actually helps the body absorb B12.

Other Vitamins and Minerals

Caffeine may reduce the absorption of manganese, zinc and copper. It also increases the excretion of the minerals magnesium, potassium, sodium and phosphate. There is also evidence that caffeine interferes with the action of vitamin A.

Sources of Caffeine

Coffee and tea are obvious sources of caffeine. Even decaffeinated versions contain a little residual caffeine. Other sources include soft drinks, chocolate, cocoa and some energy drinks. Some supplements and medications, such as those that promote wakefulness, along with pain relievers for headaches, contain caffeine anhydrous, which is the dried, powdery form of caffeine. Dietary supplements sometimes use a natural ingredient called guarana, which is another form of caffeine.

A cup of coffee or green tea a day is not likely to have a negative effect on your overall health. However, in excess, caffeine can cause nutrient deficiencies that can affect both health and quality of life. As with most dietary factors, moderation and balance are key in optimal nutrition intake.

This is my issue with half-assed articles:

“One study of postmenopausal women found that those who consumed more than 300 mg of caffeine lost more bone in the spine than women who consumed less.”Which study? Do you have a link? The most recent review, in 2002, concluded that there is basically no ill effect on bone calcium from caffeine consumption:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pu… has done dozens if not hundreds of studies about bones and calcium. You’re probably referencing one of his studies and butchering the results. Please, Fitday authors and fitness authors worldwide, please cite your sources. As consumers continue to learn more facts about nutrition, and access to academic-level information continues to spread, you are going to be left behind by more scientific publications if you don’t.

Moderate coffee consumption (less than 3 cups a day) is probably safe for most people. But individuals at high risk of cardiovascular diseases should exercise caution and cut back on those double-tall lattes. Orange juice, rich in folate, is certainly a healthier wake-up drink. It may not have that caffeine zing, but it’s full of minerals and vitamins and will give you a lot more nutritional bang for your buck.

If you drink coffee, you may be a special candidate for magnesium deficiency.

Since magnesium and calcium all work together to make your heart muscle contract in a regular rhythm, one of the first signs of a magnesium deficiency is an irregular heartbeat.

As a result of calcium/magnesium imbalance, calcium deposits may form on the heart muscle. If this happens, the heart cannot contract properly.

Magnesium is also important in breaking down fats you eat into fatty acids that can be useful in building body parts like nerve sheaths and cellular membranes. If those fats are not broken down properly, they begin to collect in deposits, which lodge on damaged arterial points. Thus a magnesium deficiency can increase you risks of contracting the two major degenerative heart diseases: atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis. Another point to remember in this regard is that magnesium is necessary for the synthesis of lecithin, which also helps break down those fats.

Coffee floods nutrients out of your body via the urine. This includes Vitamins A, D, E, K and essential fatty acids. This diuretic effect which is created when drinking coffee can also interfere with your absorption of iron simply because so many nutrients pass so quickly through the kidneys.

Although coffee contains water,  it causes the body to excrete more water than it actually takes in. The result is a fluid deficit, which, over time, can lead to a variety of health problems, including dry skin, constipation and bladder infections.

Coffe Cup Coffee can lead to a chronic deficiency of B vitamins.

Coffee can cause a buildup of toxins within the body, which increases your need for vitamin C and other antioxidants.

Two cups of coffee may contain 30 mg of caffeine. This is enough to raise your blood pressure and pulse rate significantly.

It has been shown that drinking two and half cups of coffee can more than double the stress hormone adrenaline.

The liver is forced to detoxify the caffeine from coffee, this puts more strain on the liver.

Research that has been done:

Researchers from the Netherlands studied the effect of coffee consumption on blood levels of homocysteine, a naturally occurring substance that forms when the body breaks down protein.

Elevated levels of homocysteine have long been associated with an increased risk of heart disease. Exactly how this amino acid harms the heart is unclear, but our best guess is that it either makes the blood clot more frequently or damages the lining of blood vessels in the heart. (Genetic defects and vitamin deficiencies have also been shown to cause an elevation in homocysteine.)

The Dutch researchers focused on strong, unfiltered coffee, and their results are not great news for folks who drink large quantities of caffeine. After just a two-week period of drinking six cups of unfiltered coffee a day, homocysteine concentrations increased 10% in subjects who started out with normal levels.

At the same time, cholesterol levels shot up 10% and triacylglycerols (other fatty substances) 36%–both precursors to artery-clogging atherosclerotic plaque. The bottom line, according to the authors: drinking 48 oz. of unfiltered coffee a day may carry a 10% increase in risk for heart attack or stroke.

An incidental but equally important finding was that levels of vitamin B-6 decreased 21%.

Why would unfiltered coffee be more dangerous than filtered? A leading suspect is a group of substances called diterpenes, found widely in nature–and in coffee beans. Diterpenes are known to raise homocysteine levels, and the paper filters used in coffee machines are usually fine enough to catch them. Some coffee roasters prepare their beans with processes that remove some of the offending diterpenes. Check with your favorite brewer for details.

The good news for coffee lovers: increased levels of homocysteine aren’t necessarily permanent. Removing the offending agent–in this case, unfiltered coffee–will help bring the levels back to normal, as will increasing your intake of the B vitamins B-6 and folic acid. Vitamin supplements, green leafy vegetables and citrus fruits are good sources of folate. (see below for a good source of Vitamin B.

Stop drinking coffee?          No Coffee

Getting off of coffee. If you avoid these completely, be aware that at first you might experience headaches, fatigue, or dizziness due to withdrawal symptoms. However, after a week or so, you energy level and mood should improve.

Recommended is that you cut down the amount of coffee you drink daily gradually, and then get to one small cup in the morning and then gradually lessening the amount over a two week period until it’s eliminated altogether.

What to take:

Water – sufficient water is necessary, so drink enough.  How much is enough?  Read our article on Our Need for Water

You can go for decaffeinated coffee but it needs to be organic water-pressed decaf coffee, as commercial decaffeinated coffees can contain toxic chemicals used in removing the caffeine.

RECOMMENDED:

Now you can enjoy a steaming cup of deliciously rich, deep roasted, fresh brewed flavor that delivers all the satisfaction without the caffeine and acidity of coffee!

    Hi, below are a few quotes re vitamin B(12) and coffee. In my long term process of trying to find out what these maybe 20% of vegans that do not take supplements and do not develop B12 deficiency have in common, I’ve seen many references to coffee as a B12 reducing element. My hypotheses is that there is enough active B12 in water and food, but due to a lot of lifestyle and environmental factors, many vegans (and non-vegans alike) develop B12 deficiency.

    Vegans are more exposed to B12 deficiency than meat eaters, because we don’t eat someone who already consumed B12 (or drink their mother’s milk).

    B12 is to be found in water, grass, trees, soil. We need close to no B12 in order not to develop deficiency. Still, sugar, vaccines, alcohol, tea/coffee, chemicals, chlorinated water, fluor, amalgam etc. might all reduce our B12 levels.

    Later this year, we will start a detailed Vegan/B12 survey including questions about pretty much everything that could affect your B12 levels. (The survey will not be inside this message board, and will be announced ‘everywhere’).

    Meanwhile, here is a little coffee survey… (this is a non public poll; nobody can see which of the 5 options you voted for).

    The quotes:

    From http://www.thevitaminlady.com/VLvitaminind.htm :

    B12 / Negative Interactions : alcohol, coffee, tobacco, calcium deficiency.

    —-

    From http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/focus/nut…ls/vitamin.htm :

    “To improve your diet’s content of B vitamins follow these practical tips:

    Try not to drink large quantities of tea, coffee or cola-based drinks as caffeine inhibits the absorption and increases the excretion of vitamins.

    Alcohol is toxic towards these vitamins so moderate or remove alcohol from your diet.

    Vitamins are affected by cooking so it’s best to steam or poach your food to reduce the loss of nutrients.

    Try to ensure that food is fresh and consumed as soon as possible.”

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America’s Number One Drug Problem—Coffee

Author: Katy Chamberlin

Publish date: Apr 6, 2009

Summary: Coffee is linked to numerous health issues, but continues to be one the most popular drinks worldwide.

Caffeine is the world’s most popular stimulant—the drug that four out of five Americans take on any given day. Most of the caffeine we consume comes from coffee.

The United States buys nearly one-half of the world’s supply of coffee beans. It is said that a food service operation can stand or fall on its reputation of the coffee it serves. Every mid-morning and mid-afternoon working day millions of office and factory workers abandon jobs for an employer-paid “coffee break.”

Over 15 million Americans are hooked on coffee, and most of them don’t even know it, so insidious is its addictive onslaught. The child or adult may unknowingly ingest several hundred milligrams of caffeine daily.

Like narcotics, alcohol, or cigarettes, coffee and caffeinated beverages are addictive, destructive drugs that each year predispose millions of Americans to crippling illnesses and sometimes fatal diseases.

Coffee and tea are the two most popular beverages in America. Coffee is America’s number one drug problem.

Caffeine Withdrawal

Caffeine withdrawal can occur from missing just one cup of coffee in the morning. Symptoms of caffeine withdrawal are headaches, irritability, inability to work effectively, nervousness, restlessness, and lethargy. A steady user of caffeine may, at times, experience tight headaches in the back of the neck area and be quick to anger or irritation.

Caffeine Acts as a Stimulant

Caffeine is a toxic stimulant. This is not natural for the body. It activates the “fight or flight” response.

It’s important to remember that the caffeine in coffee is a powerful substance. It can stimulate the central nervous system, increase heartbeat and metabolic rate, increase the secretion of stomach acid, and step up kidney and bladder action. It’s also well known for its annoying ability to affect sleep.i

The article goes on to say that in higher doses, caffeine can cause “coffee nerves”—a wide assortment of symptoms including anxiety, irritability, headaches, light-headedness, nausea, and diarrhea.ii

Coffee can cause a temporary increase in blood sugar, but it is quickly followed by a decrease, and stimulates the release of adrenaline, which causes body tissues to be broken down into sugar and fat. Too much insulin is produced, and the blood sugar falls to a low level.

Caffeine is a Poison

Caffeine, which is the main chemical in coffee, is a powerful poison! A drop of caffeine injected into the skin of an animal will produce death within a few minutes. An infinitely small amount injected into the brain will cause convulsions. The amount of caffeine in a cup of coffee is quite small, yet we drink coffee because of the effect of the caffeine, just as we smoke because of the effect of the nicotine. Both are drugs, and both are habit-forming. Both are poisons.

Coffee Drinking and Stomach Ulcers

The general public usually associates ulcers and heart trouble with coffee drinking. J.A. Roth and A.C. Ivy, whose experiments on coffee are famous, state this:

Caffeine produces gastro-duodenal ulcers in animals to whom the drug is given in a beeswax container so that their stomachs are absorbing caffeine continually. Also, caffeine produces very definite changes in the blood vessels of animals, which are similar to changes produced by prolonged resentment hostility and anxiety.iii

Coffee Linked to Hip Fractures

“People who drink more than two cups of coffee or four cups of tea a day could be increasing their risk of hip fracture in old age, according to a new study.”ivThe study, published in the October issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology, is the first to link caffeine consumption with hip fractures that occur in older people whose bones have weakened. A hip fracture often marks an elderly person’s final decline into dependency or death.

Brown University’s Dr. Douglas P. Kiel and his colleagues looked at how much coffee or tea 3170 people reported drinking over 14 years. They then looked to see which ones fractured their hips, a sign that bones had become brittle. They found that heavy caffeine drinkers were 53% more likely to suffer hip fractures.

Infertility

Trying to become pregnant? Stop drinking caffeinated drinks. Among 104 women, those who drank just one cup of caffeinated coffee a day were half as likely to become pregnant during any given menstrual cycle as those who drank less, according to a 1988 study by Allen Wilcox of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Most of the studies conducted since then have also found that caffeine impairs fertility, but usually only at three or more cups of regular coffee a day.

But the research is only as good or bad as the women’s memories. For example, scientists at John Hopkins University found that among 2500 women who were trying to become pregnant, consuming more than 300 mg of caffeine a day reduced their chances of succeeding in any given month by 17%. But those results were based on the amount of coffee and soft drinks the women could remember having consumed as many as ten years earlier.

Even so, “it’s probably prudent for women who are trying to become pregnant, and especially for those having trouble, to cut back on caffeine,” says Mark Klebanoff of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Bethesda, Maryland.

Does Coffee Cause Cancer?

There is mounting evidence suggesting that if you want to avoid certain cancers, you are well-advised to kick the coffee habit. Consider these examples:

One study revealed that not only was coffee drinking associated with increased risk of bladder cancer, but the drinking of non-diet cola drinks also was linked to this problem.

Coffee drinking increases the risk of birth defects.

Coffee drinking increases blood pressure, increasing the risk of heart disease.

It is commonly thought that the drinking of coffee, soft drinks, and other caffeinated drinks is a minor matter as far as our health is concerned. But is it? We cannot estimate its effect on mind and emotions, discrimination, and judgment. And then there are the harmful effects of the stimulation on the heart and other vital organs.

Coffee and other caffeinated beverages are poor substitutes for water. The body need fluids, but not stimulating drugs. Giving up the coffee habit is relatively easy to do for most folks—once a commitment has been made. Since caffeine is a less toxic drug than alcohol or street drugs, the majority of coffee drinkers can give up the habit without the sort of difficulties that alcoholics and drug addicts typically experience.

When giving up caffeine, eat and drink only what contributes in some way to good nutrition for the body. Any food or drink does not contain vitamins, minerals, or enzymes should automatically be crossed off the list. While breaking the coffee habit, be sure to drink plenty of fresh juices and water.

Just how widespread is coffee drinking? The average American drinks over twenty-six gallons of coffee per year, but perhaps more germane to the discussion is caffeine itself. Coffee has over three hundred chemicals; caffeine is only one of them.v

Read more about caffeine

Updated January 2009. If you enjoyed this article, share it with a friend. Also, check out our media site—Amazing DiscoveriesTM TV.

For more information, check out these references:

Charles F. Wetherall, Kicking The Coffee Habit, Wetherall Publ. Co. MN.

Andrew Weil, MD & Winifred Rosen, Chocolate To Morphine, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass.

Mervyn G. Hardinge, MD, A Philosophy of Health, Loma Linda University, CA.

________________________________________

  1. Executive Fitness Newsletter (October 13, 1984).
  2. Ibid.

iii. Gastroenterology (November, 1948).

  1. Providence Journal (October 1, 1990).
  2. Carol Simontacchi, The Crazy Makers (New York: Tarcher, 2001).

COFFEE

Dr. John Minton of Ohio State University found that the primary causes of breast cancer in women are coffee, tea, chocolate, colas and other caffeine foods and drinks. Dr. Minton withdrew women with breast lumps from their usual diet and gave them a diet that consisted primarily of organically-grown natural foods. On this improved diet, pain, swelling and lumps disappeared within two to six months. This worked in 47 women who cooperated with Dr. Minton. http://www.rawfoodexplained.com/cancers-tumors/questions-answers.html

Damage to chromosomes by caffeine has been recognized for years. When LSD was reported to cause chromosomal damage, authorities did not work up much anxiety, because of the fact that LSD is not as potent in producing damage to chromosomes as is caffeine, the drug to which most of our population is addicted. One might ask, “Is such a common habit a real threat to the population-” It certainly is. A study done in Illinois with 550 couples showed a thirteen out of fourteen chance of having an unwanted outcome of pregnancy if as much as seven cups of coffee per day are taken by the pregnant (Miscarriage and the Coffee Connection. Science News October 25, 1975 page 267).

Long before seven cups had been consumed, coffee was beginning to injure the pregnancy. Those who want good babies and easy pregnancies should use absolutely no caffeine before, during or after pregnancy, since caffeine can damage the chromosomes of the ova and spermatozoa, as well as the chromosomes of the developing embryo during pregnancy. Any substance that can damage chromosomes can also cause an increase in the rate of cancer. Bladder cancer in women is 2 1/2 times more likely to occur if a woman drinks only one cup of coffee per day (The Medical Effects of Coffee. Medical World News January 26, 1976 page 63-73). There are already several cancers that are known to be more common if one uses caffeine.

Dr. Agatha Thrash: “There is a three times higher risk in women to develop bladder cancer if as little as one cup of coffee per day is taken”. http://www.ucheepines.org/index.php?p=counseling.cancer-the_risks_and_the_routine

Female caffeine users have more fibrocystic disease, which may increase breast cancer risk four times! Medical World News 3/19/1979

Cyclic AMP in coffee stimulates cellular growth in glandular tissues, like breast tissues. Through caffeine’s interference with pde activity, the excess cyclic AMP may produce cell growth beyond normal boundaries. This can lead to fibrocystic disease (lumpy breasts) which may increase the risk of  breast  cancer  (Surgery 86:105-109, 1979; Internal Medicine Alert 2:53,1980: JAMA 255 (2) 259-260, 1986). Caffeine also  blocks  pde  from  doing  another  important  job:  shutting down the release of free fatty acids from body stores of fat, 29 thus increasing fats in the blood. This, combined with high blood sugars, is associated with greater risk of coronary heart attack (H.A.  Haroer,  Review  of  Physiological  Chemistry,  135 th   Ed.,  LosAltos,  CA,  Lang,  Med.  Pub., 197).

Caffeine

Dr Magne, author of Cancer Free For Life

Caffeine is the modern drug of choice in the work world, easily accessible, socially acceptable, readily affordable, and of course perfectly legal. As for the health effects, caffeine is addictive, and because it is acidic, it creates an environment in the body that is favourable for the development of cancer. If you already have cancer, GIVE UP THE COFFEE TODAY!!! There are gentle ways you can do this:

You still get the caffeine from tea, but not as much.

Switch from coffee to grain coffee. Grain coffee is to coffee as herbal tea is to tea, and grain coffee is naturally caffeine-free. Grain coffee isn’t real coffee, but it’s a ground mixture of things like grains, nuts, dried fruit, and natural flavors that you can put into a regular drip coffee maker and make something that looks and tastes similar to coffee.

Don’t use decaffeinated coffee or tea because known carcinogens are used in the decaffeination process, and decaffeinated drinks are still highly acidic.

I can’t ignore the energy boost and mental acceleration that comes from caffeine. There are negative side effects with drinking coffee. Caffeine makes part of the brain overactive and another part underactive. You become good at doing things, but very bad at prioritizing what needs to be done.

Caffeine blocks your intuition and creativity. If you have to sit down and do high-level work like developing your next quarterly plan, caffeine will reduce your ability to concentrate. Your mind races too much on caffeine; it’s hard to stay focused on just one thing.

Additionally, caffeine definitely disrupts sleep habits. You just don’t sleep as well. With no caffeine, you sleep more restfully and wake up easily.

Women who drink lots of coffee may cut their risk of developing one type of breast cancer, according to a new study, but experts are urging caution.

The Karolinska Institute findings are based on nearly 6,000 women and suggest drinking more than five cups a day halves a woman’s risk.

But cancer experts say the evidence is not proof enough and women should instead focus on leading a healthy lifestyle to cut their cancer odds.

Yinka Ebo of Cancer Research UK, said: “This study does not provide firm evidence that drinking lots of coffee can help reduce the risk of breast cancer as it relied on people with cancer remembering how much coffee they drank years ago.

“Previous research on coffee consumption and breast cancer risk has produced mixed results, and the authors of this new study acknowledge that further work will be needed to confirm the findings.”

He said there was good evidence, however, that women who are physically active, consume little or no alcohol and keep a healthy weight after the menopause are at lower risk of breast cancer.

John Minton, professor of clinical oncology at the Ohio State University College of Medicine, found a connection between chemicals called methylxanthines and fbd.”

 Medical experts believe that it’s important to avoid caffeine and related substances called methylxanthines because they apparently confuse chemical messengers in the body. According to John P. Minton, Ph.D., of Ohio State University, these messengers responsible for making protein, fluid or fiber in the breast do not get shut off. They tell breast cells to keep producing more cells and to retain fluid long after they should have stopped. The result can be fibrous cysts. Methylxanthines are found in coffee, colas, tea, chocolate and the herbs maté and guarana. Also check with your doctor to see if they might also be lurking in any pharmaceutical drugs you take.

No one knows why one woman who drinks coffee develops cysts and another doesn’t, but the results of several studies show that almost 75 percent of the women with fibrocystic breasts who eliminate caffeine from their diets are spared biopsies and breast surgery. In one study, Dr. Minton gave a choice to 47 women with fibrocystic breasts who had imbibed the equivalent of four cups of coffee a day for several years: have a biopsy or go off methylxanthines and see what happens. Twenty of the women accepted the challenge by cutting out coffee, and in two to six months, the cysts of two-thirds of them completely disappeared. Of the 27 other women in the study who continued to drink coffee, only one had her cyst recede and the rest had to have surgery.

So if you suffer from breast cysts, try to muster up all the willpower you can to eliminate these substances from your diet, at least for a few months. Dr. Minton has found that the older a woman is, the longer it takes for cysts to recede. Some women in their fifties wait a year after they stop drinking coffee before their cysts completely disappear.

CALAMITY IN A CUP

Startling Facts about; COFFEE; TEA; COLA; CHOCOLATE:

“Caffeine  is  the  world’s  most  widely  used  mind-altering  drug.”  Dr.  Roland  Griffiths-  John

Hopkins’s School of Medicine –New York Time 10/5/94

“What we’ve learned is that caffeine interacts with stress and intensifies it.” Dr. James Lane –

Duke University Psychiatry Researcher. (Associated Press Interview)

Everyone knows that coffee contains caffeine. But do you know how much—or where else it is

hiding? Take a look at the list below!

COFFEE AND TEA

Brewed coffee (6-0z) – 85-100 mgs

Instant coffee (6-0z) – 65 mgs

Brewed Tea  (6-0z) – 40 mgs

Iced tea (12-oz) –  70 mgs

OTHER DRINKS

Sugar-free Mr. Pibb ® – 58.8 mg

Mountain Dew® (12-0z) – 54 mg

TAB® (12 -oz) – 46.8 mg

Coke® (12-oz)  – 46 mg

Dr. Pepper® (12-0z) – 40 mg

Pepsi ® (12-0z) – 38.4 mg

RC Cola® (12-0z) – 36 mg

Diet Rite® – 36 mg

Cocoa Beverage  –  6-12 mg

Calamity in a Cup

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Chocolate Milk (8-oz.) – 2-7 mg

OVER THE COUNTER ITEMS

Excedrin® (analgesic) – 65 mgs

Vanquish® (analgesic) – 33 mgs

Midol® (analgesic) – 32.4 mgs

Dietac® (weight control)  – 200 mgs

Dexatrim® (weight control  – 200 mgs

Dristan® (cold/allergy)  – 16.2 mgs

 Vivarin® (alertness tablet) – 200 mgs

Sources – NEJM 327(16)1160, 1992

Consumer Reports 525,891

JADA 71:240-247,1977

Product Labels

More than 80% of Americans drink coffee, the world’s #2 trade commodity, out-sold only by oil

in volume. Coffee is touted as a harmless pick-me-up, a “jump-start” for the day. But how many

coffee drinkers know that:

“Coffee drinkers, as compared to non-coffee drinkers, have a greater Incidence of over-weight

and consume more alcohol and cigarettes…” American Journal of Cardiology 52:1238-42 1983

“Caffeine  seems  to  increase  coronary  heart  disease  deaths  independent  of  serum  cholesterol

levels.” British Medical Journal 300-566-569 1990

Yet  despite  the  Increasing  Incriminatory  evidence  and  disturbing  discoveries,  millions  still

consume caffeine. If only they knew that…

“Caffeine  consumption  should  be  considered  a  risk  factor  for  Myocardial  Infarction.  (Heart

attack)” Am. J. Epidemiology  138(8)602, 1993

“Rats that ate a refined-food diet (a U.S. teenager-type diet) and were offered 10% alcohol or

water,  gradually  drank  increasing  amounts  of  alcohol.  When  given  coffee,  their  alcohol

consumption dramatically increased.” J. Am. Dietetic Assoc 61:159-162;1972

“Coffee drinkers are more prone to use  other  drugs.  Not  only do they smoke more, but they

more often use minor tranquilizers or sedative-hypnotics.” Comprehensive Psychiatry 22:565-

571, 1981

“A dose of  500-600 mgs. (5-6 six ounce cups) of caffeine a day presents a serious health risk.”

British Journal of Addiction 78:251-258, 1988

Calamity in a Cup

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Why do many people feel their hands are tied when it comes to quitting caffeine? Because it

can be very addictive. In fact, in one study:

“People consuming as little as 100 mgs. (1 cup) of caffeine per day had withdrawal symptoms.”

New England Journal of Medicine 327(16)1160. 1992

Such discoveries about caffeine and Its “cousins” have led some experts to state that:

“The scientific evidence of coffee and (tea, cola drinks, and chocolate) as they relate to health is

at approximately the same place it was on tobacco in the 1940s. One could predict that a few

years  hence,  coffee  and  similar  substances  will  not  only  be  indicted  but  judged  guilty.  (for

injuring health).” John Scharffenberg MD. MPH

How can anyone make such a bold claim? Take a few minutes to read this book and you’ll know

the answer!

“The  lethal  dose  of  caffeine  is  10  grams,  or  about  70  cups  of  coffee.  Many  people  are  taking

1/10 the lethal A: Journal of Family Practice 4(6)1183, 1977

“Two cups of coffee may raise blood pressure to levels equal to one cigarette, but it keeps it

there for 1-2 hours, vs. just 15 minutes for smoking.” Am. J. of Medicine, 73:348-353,1982

The Medellin Drug Cartel.

The white powders and dried leaves it exports illegally to this country do untold damage to our

citizens  and  cost  us  millions  of  dollars  every  year.  This  drug  ring  is  feared,  even  hated.  But

there’s  another  Colombian  drug  cartel  that  could  be  considered  even  more  dangerous.  The

black powder and dried leaves it exports legally to this country are not feared and hated, but

relished and loved.

This drug is certainly more available and widespread, and its addictive properties more subtle

and insidious. It also costs this country millions of dollars every year in increased psychiatric and

medical fees, and subsequent lost work. The personal cost to the user is even greater, causing

untold damage to many organs of the body. Its use has been implicated in such degenerative

diseases as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.

In case you haven’t guessed, we are talking about coffee, and its calamitous cousins, tea, cola,

and chocolate.

Caffeine.  It  is  trouble  brewing  in  America’s  pots!  It  is  the  drug  of  choice  for  nine  out  of  ten

North Americans. 1* But American adults are not the only ones consuming this drug. According

to  caffeine  researcher  Dr.  Gail  Bernstein,  77%  of  children  over  6  months  old  ingest  caffeine

regularly.2 * (Footnote references)

As  a  result,  life  in  the  United  States  seems  to  be  getting  more  jittery  every  day.  Nerves  are

frazzled.  Tempers  are  short.  And  Americans  are  consuming  a  mind-boggling  600  tons  of

sleeping pills each year in a hopeless attempt to wind down after a busy day.

Perhaps  a  popular  cartoon  best  sums  up  the  stressed-out,  wound-up  mood  of  our  nation.  It

shows  a  woman  with  bulging  eyes,  tight  lips,  and  hair  standing  straight  on  end.  The  caption

reads: “I only have one nerve left, and you’re about to get on it!”

Calamity in a Cup

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Brewing Some Real Mix-ups!

We  seem  to  have  more  stress  and  less  coping  power  with  each  new  day.  Could  part  of  the

problem be that so many Americans today are trying to perk up by using caffeine, “the world’s

most widely used mind-altering drug” 3? It produces a surge of energy, only to leave its user

tired, cranky, and depleted.

One study concluded that: “Caffeine abuse is so common in our society that its effects are often

not  addressed  as  clinical  issues”  (or  medical  problems).  It  also  said  that  “symptoms  from  this

drug (caffeine)” are often misdiagnosed as a mental or physical disease! “4

Caffeinism   can   resemble   serious   illnesses   like   manic   episodes,   panic   disorders,   anxiety

disorders, and personality disorders. 5

Grounds For Concern!

According  to  one  report,  Americans  consume  33  million  gallons  of  coffee  every  day!  6  Using

that much of any stimulant causes real grounds for concern! But that figure does not include

tea,  chocolate,  cola,  and  many  over-the-counter  drugs  consumed  daily  which  also  contain

caffeine. Caffeinism constitutes a major source of addiction in North America.

Yes, caffeine can be addictive. A regular cup of coffee contains anywhere from 68 to 150 mg. of

caffeine per cup. The average daily “dose” of 80% of American adults is 280 mg., or about 2-3

cups of coffee a day. This is considered a “behaviorally active” 7 amount, -that is, it will alter the

mood  and  behavior  of  the  consumer,  who  will  likely  experience  significant  “withdrawal

symptoms” when discontinuing its use. 7

Coffee and its calamitous cousins, tea, cola, and chocolate, called the brown drink family, are

really chemical relatives. Each contain toxic alkaloid chemicals called methylated xanthenes, or

methylxanthines  (rhymes  with  Ethel  Francine),  which  include  caffeine,  theobromine,  and

theophylline.

Caffeine   is   the   principal   methylxanthine   in   coffee,   while   theophylline   is   the   major

methylxanthine in tea. The major methylxanIthine in chocolate is theobromine, although both

tea and chocolate also contain caffeine.

“A cup of coffee reduces iron absorption by 39%, and a cup of tea will reduce it by 64%. Drip

coffee will lower iron absorption by 72%, while doubling coffee’s strength will reduce it 91%! In

comparison, orange juice, with its vitamin C, may increase iron absorption in a meal by 250%!”

Am. J. of Clinical Nutrition 37:416-420,1983 ; ibid 32:2484-2489,1979

 The Cocaine Connection

 Methylxanthines,  specifically  caffeine,  are  powerful  central  nervous  system  stimulants  which

can arouse all levels of the brain and skeletal muscles.4

Caffeine is one of a group of drugs related to amphetamines called analeptics.8 It is a member

of  the  same  group  of  addictive  alkaloid  chemicals  as  morphine,  nicotine,  cocaine,  and

strychnine. Within 30 minutes after ingestion, caffeine peaks in the blood, reaching maximum

effect in two hours.

Calamity in a Cup

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How  do  methylxanthines  affect  the  body?  As  you  will  see,  the  list  of  physiological  effects  is

startling!  Methylxanthines,  especially  caffeine,  are  capable  of  damaging  chromosomes  and

certain body systems 9. As such evidence emerged, in 1980 the Food and Drug Administration

issued  a  warning  to  pregnant  women  against  excessive  use  of  caffeine.10  They  also  removed

caffeine from the Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) list.

In spite of the evidence, many consider coffee jitters the only price they pay for the best part of

waking up. But as a drink, coffee is literally brimming with trouble.

The Best Part of Waking Up?

Caffeine  can  be  a  problem  for  people  with  gout  because  the  body  converts  it  into  uric  acid,

which  can  aggravate  an  existing  gout  condition.  It  also  stimulates  the  brain  cortex,  and  can

cause  poor  balance,  racing  heart,  high  pitched  voice,  insomnia,  racing  and  disconnected

thoughts,  poor  memory,  fatigue,  restless  leg  syndrome,  hand  tremors,  anxiety  and  dread,

hostility,  sleep  disturbances,  headaches,  reflex  hyperexcitability,  irritability,  agitation,  anxiety,

dehydration, and general discomfort! II If that’s the list of perks one gets for waking up, perhaps

a coffee-drinker would be better off staying asleep!

After observing that caffeine is capable of inducing acute psychotic symptoms, a state hospital

staff eliminated caffeinated beverages from the diet of all inpatients. Almost immediately the

patients  were  quieter  and  suffered  less  from  insomnia  and  nervous  agitation.  12  Physical

assaults on both people and property decreased significantly, too.

Studies show that people with psychiatric problems consume nearly twice as much caffeine as

the general population. 13 But even “normal” people given caffeine were shown on psychiatric

tests  to  have  elevated  levels  of  anxiety,  depression  and  hostility.  14  Amazingly,  the  doses  of

caffeine given in this test were much less than the average coffee drinker consumes each day!

14

Although  caffeine  temporarily  stimulates  the  nerves,  it  leaves  a  hangover  effect  in  which

mental efficiency falls below normal. 15 Studies show that caffeine use on the job does not help

work performance, but actually intensifies the harmful effects associated with the stresses of

everyday  life,  by  exaggerating  responses  to  stressful  situations  in  the  environment,  and

decreasing sociability. 16

“Caffeine  does  not  help  someone  sober  up,  but  may  actually  intensify  the  adverse  effects  of

alcohol.” Medical World News 7/5/94, 32A

Going To Pot Under Pressure

Yet when pressures mount at the office, and you’re feeling stress, what do you do? You go to

pot!—the coffee pot. But Duke University researcher Dr. James Lane says that caffeine interacts

with stress and intensifies it. 17

He found that with two groups under stress, stress-related hormones were considerably higher

in people who had ingested 300 mg. of caffeine (3 cups) when compared to those who ingested

a placebo. 17

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In  addition  to  possibly  intensifying  stress,  caffeine  also  causes  the  body  to  produce  “an

explosive  discharge”  18   of  stress  hormones  called  catecholamines.  These  hormones  cause  the

body to produce large amounts of cyclic AMP  18 , which will be discuss in a moment. Caffeine

can  increase  blood  pressure,  interfere  with  normal  sleep  patterns,  and  increase  body  fat

stores.19

CAFFEINE – HEART DISEASE

 Can increase the heart rate A

May cause frequent, irregular beats A

Can raise blood cholesterol B

May accelerate blood clotting leading to heart attack C

 5 C/day may increase heart disease risk 300%  D

 A: Primary Cardiology 10184, 104-110

B: Am J of Epidemiology 128:124-136, 1988

C: Biochemical Journal 109 (5)841-849

D: NEJM 315(6)977-982, 1986

Caffeine  is  hardly  a  prescription  for  surviving  in  the  workplace!  In  fact,  caffeine  can  actually

impair  memory  and  increase  restlessness,  which  negatively  affects  job  performance.  20  As  a

result,  those  who  use  caffeine  may  have  impaired  job  performance  and  find  professional

advancement more difficult. 21

The  truth  is,  in  studies  with  rats,  “motor  nerve  conduction  velocity  showed  a  significant

decrease in caffeine-treated animals.” 22 In other words, your muscles move slower!

Caffeine’s report card is dismal in the classroom, too! Not only does it slow muscle function, but

just  250  mg.  (2  to  2  1/2  cups)  causes  a  30%  decrease  in  brain  blood  flow.  23  This  can  cause

changes  in  psychomotor  coordination,  mood,  behavior,  and  concentration.  Caffeine  may  also

cause rambling flow of thought and speech. 24,25 and impair memory! 20

The Great Brain Drain

Why? Caffeine jams the circuits in the brain and nervous system. Acetylcholine, which carries

nerve cell messages, runs wild, because the braking chemical, acetylcholinesterase, is inhibited

by caffeine. 26 Hence, nerve messages are prolonged and magnified, which could explain the

jitters,  tremors,  agitation,  and  even  disconnected  thoughts  associated  with  caffeinism.  (See

box, page 22.)

This nerve interference also makes children feel temporarily less sluggish and perform better on

tests  of  attention,  27  yet  it  leaves  them  feeling  more  anxious  27  and  adversely  affects  their

behavior. 28

Have you ever wondered how all that  miraculous, quick energy comes from something that has

no food value? Well, it isn’t free. There is a definite metabolic price tag attached.

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In  short,  caffeine  manipulates  your  body’s  stored  energy—at  the  expense  of  future  needs.

Caffeine,  and  other  methylxanthines,  cause  an  increased  cellular  accumulation  of  cyclic  AMP

(adenosine monophosphate), which is essential to energy production in the body. Because of

this accumulation, coffee drinkers feel a burst of energy.

The  accumulation  occurs  because  caffeine  inhibits  the  normal  activity  of  another  chemical,

phosphodiesterase (pde), which normally breaks down cyclic AMP and stops energy production.

29  What’s  the  result?  High  blood  sugar  and  over-production  of  insulin,  which  can  result  in

hypoglycemia and more problems with diabetes. 30 (See box, page 33.)

But cyclic AMP also stimulates cellular growth in glandular tissues, like breast tissues. Through

caffeine’s interference with pde activity, the excess cyclic AMP may produce cell growth beyond

normal boundaries. This can lead to fibrocystic disease (lumpy breasts) which may increase the

risk  of  breast  cancer.  31  Caffeine also  blocks  pde  from  doing  another  important  job:  shutting

down the release of free fatty acids from body stores of fat, 29 thus increasing fats in the blood.

This, combined with high blood sugars, is associated with greater risk of coronary heart attack.

Instant…And Slow Brewed!

But these are only the short-term effects. Is there a long-term price to pay? Caffeine use has

been shown to produce long-term memory impairment. 32

In  concentrated  amounts,  methylxanthines  can  actually  alter  the  protoplasm  of  cells  which

could  cause  future  problems!  Caffeine  and  its  cousins  may  cause  mutagenic,  or  genealtering

changes in chromosomes, 33 which can be seen in offspring, possibly to the second generation.

34 Human, hamster, and fruit fly cells grown in test tubes show injuries to chromosomes, and

an inability to repair injuries, when exposed to caffeine. 35

Simply put: Caffeine’s effects are not only instant, but also slow-brewed, possibly effecting even

your grandchildren. (See box on pages 21, 24-25.)

Such   possibilities   led   one   medical   author   to   write:   “Although   many   questions   remain

unanswered, the clinician should err on the side of caution. Given the widespread consumption

of  caffeine,  any  adverse  consequences,  even  if  small,  would  have  important  public  health

consequences.” 36

Is De-caff De-answer?

Hey, no problem, some are saying. I drink coffee without a worry—I drink de-caff! That solves

the problem, right?

Wrong! Even decaffeinated coffee has hundreds of potentially harmful chemical components.

One class of these compounds is caffeols. Caffeols are coffee oils, which are very irritating to

the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, many other chemicals which have been linked to cancer

and  heart  disease  are  still  present,  as  are  other  central  nervous  system  stimulants.  37  The

coffee  bean’s  composition  is  dramatically  altered  during  roasting,  resulting  in  chemical

transformations where more than 700 “volatile substances…are formed.” 38 Such chemicals as

acetaldehyde,  ammonia,  carbon  disulfide,  acetic  acid,  nitrosamines,  and  others  may  make

coffee  a  mouthful  of  trouble!  38  But  whether  it’s  decaffeinated  or  not,  just  one  daily  cup  of

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coffee increases the risk of bladder cancer three times. 39 And drinking more than two cups a

day of caffeinated coffee doubles the risk of fatal bladder cancer. 40

“Young Rats given DECAFFEINATED COFFEE had a significantly retarded growth rate.” Life and

Health Sept. 1974, p.5

Brown drink users have an increased risk of STOMACH, KIDNEY, LUNG, PANCREATIC, OVARIAN,

AND COLON CANCER. 41,42

Tea, which contains not only caffeine, but theophylline (another methylxantine) and tannin, is

associated with increased risk of stomach, kidney, lung, rectal, and esophageal cancer, 43, 44

and has been implicated in formation of kidney stones.45

Caffeine confuses the vascular system because it dilates the blood vessels near the skin while

ordering the brain to constrict them. It constricts blood vessels in the brain while dilating them

in  other  organs,  which  may  result  in  high  blood-pressure.    One  to  five  cups  of  coffee  a  day

increases heart attack risk by 60%; six or more increases it 120%! 46

Caffeine also stresses the pancreas and compounds diabetes by raising blood sugar levels and

serum fatty acids.

Female caffeine users experience more still-births, fetal deaths, and miscarriages. 47 They also

have more fibrocystic disease, which may increase breast cancer risk four times! 48

CAFFEINE AND MOTHERHOOD

“Pregnant women should be cautious about using drugs, and caffeine is certainly a drug.  A

Caffeine levels in mother’s milk are 50% higher than in her blood; drug stays in baby for more

than 80 hours vs only 5-6 hours in the mother.  B

A  Fetus  lacks  the  enzymes  to  break  down  caffeine;  it  can  cause  lower  birth  weight,  bone

problems, and slower fetal growth.  C

Caffeine can damage chromosomes in humans; increases chance of birth defects.  D

3 cups a day doubles spontaneous abortion risk  E

Women who use caffeine have a harder time becoming pregnant.  F

  “While caffeine abusers may feel an increased level of alertness, there may not be increased

performance.” Psychological Reports 65-575-587, 1988

CAFFEINE – It Goes A Long Way, Baby!

Most  caffeine  drinkers  feel  it  is  harmless  enough.  But  while  it  poses  threats  for  everyone,

pregnant women may be at greatest risk. Why? Consider these facts:

300 mg. * per day retarded fetal growth. JAMA 270(24)46-47,1993

300  mg.  per  day  during  month  before  pregnancy  nearly  doubled  spontaneous  abortion  (SAB)

risk  JAMA 270(24}2940-43.1993

Fetotoxic effect of caffeine stronger in smokers Am J Epid. 137:951-954.1993

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200 mg. decreases placental blood flow J. Reprod. Med. 19:55-63.1977

In primate experiments, caffeine-using mothers had lower fetal birth weights, more still births

and more miscarriages Toxicology 8:239, 1988

It increases fetal myocardial (heart) work Pediat. Research 21:391-395.1987

Offspring  of  caffeine–consuming  lab  animals  showed  neurochemical,  physical,  and  behavioral

changes, into adulthood Ann of NY Acad. of Sc 56:327-339, 1989

Pre-natal  caffeine  exposure  may  cause  long-lasting  neuro-behavioral  effects  in  activity  and

learning associated with neuro-chemical changes in the brain cortex and hippocampus – Int. J.

Neuroscience 41:15-28. 1988.

Can cause poor neuro-muscular development and greater irritability in neonates. Infant Behav.

Dev. Dec. 7:253-265, 1984

*300 mg caffeine in 3 cups of coffee, 6 cups of tea, or 5-6 cans of soft drinks.

In spite of the medical evidence, many women continue to consume caffeine, thinking they’ll

stop once they learn they are pregnant. One researcher addressed that logic in this way:

“Most women do not realize they are pregnant until the middle to the end of the first trimester

and  do  not  receive  prenatal  care  until  after  the  10 th   week  of  gestation  when  organogenesis

(organ  development)  of  the  fetus  is  almost  complete  and  most  SABs  have  occurred.  ”  JAMA

270(24)2974.1993

In other words, by the time she knows she’s pregnant, caffeine’s damage may already be done!

But there’s more:

“Just 163 mg./day during the first trimester may double SAB risk JAMA 270(24}2940-43.1993

Infants of caffeine-using mothers have higher rates of apnea (stop breathing for short periods)

Am J Ob/Gyn 154:14-20, 1986

May  be  a  triggering  factor  for  insulin-dependent  diabetes  in  childhood  Brit  Med  J  300:642-

643,1990

But men should also be concerned because:

Animal  studies  suggest  that  caffeine  drinking  in  males  can  also  cause  fetal  developmental

defects. J Dev Physio 10:271-281,1988

The  evidence  is  overwhelming.  Caffeine  is  not  the  harmless,  innocent  “pick-me-up”  we  have

thought it to be, not even at the low dose of just one or two cups per day!

“We cannot conclude that lower levels (than 300 mgs. A day) of caffeine are safe….Given the

widespread  consumption  of  caffeine,  any  adverse  consequences,  even  if  small,  would  have

important public health considerations.” JAMA 270(24}2974.1993

“The caffeine in one cup of coffee will make a person feel more alert and physically active, yet

the actual result is more confusion.” J of Pharm & Exper.Ther. 149(1)159,1965

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THE BARE BONE FACTS

Since we are boning up on some facts, how does caffeine affect our skeletal structure? The link

between caffeine use, even in small amounts, and osteoporosis is well established. Each 10 mg.

Of caffeine consumed causes a 1 mg. Calcium loss in the bones. 49 This calcium loss is definitely

a contributor to bone porosity (weakness) in children as well as adults.49

Dr.  Linda  Massey,  associate  professor  of  human  nutrition  at  Washington  State  University,

showed calcium loss actually doubled in 133 out of 135 subjects who used caffeine. 50 Imagine

caffeine’s  effects  on  the  bones  of  a  young,  growing  body.  A  child  drinking  a  12-ounce

caffeinated soda has a caffeine intake, on a body weight basis, equal to that of an adult drinking

four cups of instant coffee. 51

Calamity In A Can

 But  coffee  is  not  the  only  caffeinated  beverage  we  are  drinking!  According  to  the    Beverage

Marketing Corporation, in 1989 the average American consumed 547 cans of soda. In the west

central  United  States  the  number  was  658,  in  the  southwest,  637,  and  in  the  south,  an

unbelievable 663 cans for every man, woman, and child!

Those bubbles and brightly colored caffeinated-cola cans are hiding other ingredients besides

caffeine, however. They also contain either sugar (about 12 tsp.), or artificial sweeteners, and

phosphoric acid.

One  artificial  sweetener,  aspartame  (Nutrisweet),  has  been  tied  to  disorders  ranging  from

migraine  headaches  to  brain  seizures.  52  It  has  also  been  shown  to  cause  memory  loss,

confusion, dizziness and total or partial blindness. 53 Adverse reactions are more common in

women  than  in  men.  53  Another,  xylitol,  has  been  linked  to  tumor  growth,  and  liver,  kidney,

and brain disturbances. 54

It  is  well  known  that  phosphoric  acid  in  soft  drinks  can  damage  developing  bones  by  taking

calcium from them. 55 In fact, one study said “soft drink consumption by girls is a major public

health problem” because the calcium loss makes them more prone to factures. 55

Coffee for Kitty ?!

What’s  going  on  in  our  country,  anyway?  When  a  garden  looks  “thirsty,”  do  we  spray  it  with

soda? When Rover is hot and panting, do we fill his bowl with iced tea? When kitty is shivering

in  the  snow  bank  on  the  porch,  do  we  rush  her  warm  saucer  of  java?  Why  are  the  plants,

gardens,   and   animals   getting   all   the   water   while   we’re   drinking   potentially   damaging

substitutes?

The fact is, coffee, tea, cola, and chocolate drinks cannot come close to the beneficial effects of

water. Studies have revealed that brown drink users lose body fluid due to the diuretic effect of

tea,  coffee,  and  soda.  56  Even  though  they  may  consume  large  amounts  of  fluids  with  their

beverage, the net effect can be dehydration of body tissue.

Heavy tea drinkers often have vitamin B deficiencies, and tannin, a chemical component of tea,

has been shown to interfere with iron absorption. Tea drinkers may feel fatigued and listless as

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a result. Tannin has also been linked to stomach cancer. While all methylxanthines have been

implicated in goiter development, tea is highest in theophylline, which is the most damaging to

the thyroid. 57

Before  discussing  the  final  calamitous  cousin,  chocolate,  here  are  some  other  potentially

dangerous side effects of caffeine:

It’s Shocking, but Caffeine:

Þ     May promote eating disorders 58

Þ     Can increase infertility by 50% 59

Þ     Can aggravate PMS symptoms 60

Þ     Can elevate cholesterol & triglycerides 61

Þ     Can cause skin rashes 62

Þ     Can aggravate eczema and pimples 62

Þ     Use by pregnant mothers can increase risk of diabetes in newborn 63

“Chlorogenic  acid  in  coffee  causes  some  of  the  most  intense  food  allergies  encountered  in

medical practice.” JAMA 187(5)380, 1964

The Chocolate-Uncovered Truth

Now for the bitter truth about chocolate. If you have ever bitten into an unsweetened piece of

chocolate, you know that it is neither naturally sweet nor scrumptious! The bitter taste comes

from the harmful alkaloids and pyrolysates found in chocolate. So, in order to make it edible,

manufacturers add large amounts  of sugar and fat, both  of which can be harmful in the high

amounts found in chocolate.

Eating one five-ounce chocolate bar is equivalent in calories to eating 3 pounds of apples! The

calories in one small slice of chocolate cake are equal to the calories in seven slices of whole

wheat bread.

Bombs Away!

Because  the  chocolate  bar  and  the  refined  cake  have  few  vitamins  or  minerals,  and  are  both

low in fiber, they are high calorie, empty-calorie food bombs which add weight, promote food

cravings, and may ultimately bring disease and debilitation.

Theobromine,  the  major  methylxanthine  in  chocolate,  has  been  shown  to  cause  abnormal

gland  growth,  and  was  twice  as  toxic  as  caffeine  in  causing  testicular  atrophy  and  lowered

sperm counts in rats .64

Sweet Depression

Chocolate also contains caffeine and theophylline, which can upset the stomach, cause nausea

and vomiting, and an enlarged prostate in men. It has also been implicated in certain cancers,

which  we  discussed  in  the  section  on  tea.  One  study  showed  that  92%  of  those  who  crave

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sweets  and  chocolates  are  women,  and  that  the  use  of  chocolate  and  sweets  is  related  to

depression in women. 65

Cocoa can contain from 6-42 mg. of caffeine per cup. 66 Because of children’s smaller frames

and metabolic differences, even such seemingly small amounts could be harmful.

Yet  hot  cocoa  and  chocolate  milk  are  favorites  with  kids.  But  milk’s  cholesterol  and  high  fat

content may cause problems, and its high protein content could promote bone calcium loss. 67

As a result, chocolate milk is far from the ideal drink for growing children. 68

The FDA booklet entitled Food Defect Action Levels lists the level of acceptable contamination

allowed for chocolate products. A chocolate bar, the book says, can contain a rodent hair and

16 insect parts, or 120 insect parts per cup. Chocolate powder and pressed cakes can contain 75

insect fragments per 3 tablespoons. Rat droppings are not to exceed 10 mg. lb, and 4% insect

infestation is allowed. What a bargain!

(While  the  FDA  allows  a  certain  amount  of  contamination  in  almost  all  harvested  foods,  the

allowable levels for chocolate products are substantially higher.)

Is there life without chocolate? What is a morning without coffee? Is that what you’re asking

yourself? The truth is, life starts when the use of such stimulating, damaging drugs stops! Cereal

beverages such as Postum, Pioneer and Roma provide a nice substitute for the harmful coffee

bean.

In addition, there are many delicious herbal teas on the market which are aromatic, naturally

sweet, and contain no caffeine.

For a delightful hot chocolaty drink, try a hot carob drink.

Seventy Percent What?

Of course, as a rule, pure water is the fluid the body needs and craves the majority of the time.

We’re  not  70  percent  coffee,  tea,  and  soda  you  know!  Such  drinks  do  supply  the  body  with

fluid, but they do it at a definite cost to one’s health!

What is carob? It is a delicious, naturally sweet, natural alternative to chocolate. Carob grows

on the locust tree and supplies dietary protein (8%), is high in natural sugar (46%), rich in fiber,

low  in  fat,  contains  B  vitamins,  calcium,  magnesium,  potassium,  iron,  manganese,  chromium,

copper, and nickel.

It is also a rich source of pectin, a fiber which has been shown to lower serum cholesterol levels.

69

Truly,  coffee,  tea,  colas,  and  chocolate  drinks  can  be  correctly  named,  Calamity  In  A  Cup.  It’s

easy to see why some investigators call caffeine “the most popular stimulant drug used in the

world.” 70

As  America’s  health  deteriorates,  stress  levels  rise,  and  coping  abilities  seem  frazzled  beyond

belief, it would do us all well to restudy and re-evaluate this hot topic.

The  facts  are  quite  clear.  There’s  another  powerful,  legal  Colombian  cartel  at  work  today.  Its

psychoactive, addictive product is freely available, and it’s served in most American homes and

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businesses   every   day.   It   is   taken   in   large   quantities   by   many   at   the   office,   possibly

compromising their performance, yet nothing is said. No urine checks are threatened. No jobs

are legally at risk.

It’s America’s most popular social, “mind-altering” drug, being offered to most every visitor at

home and office, yet no one rises in protest. No police raid these “pot” parties—many gladly

join in!

Hooked On “Pot” Yes, there’s trouble brewing in America today. America is hooked on pot—the

coffee pot! But coffee’s perks are not worth the price. Is that coffee in your cup really, the best

part of waking up? The evidence gives grounds for an instant answer— NO!

Perhaps  it’s  time  to  enlarge  our  war  on  drugs.  when  offered  a  methylxanthine-containing

substance like coffee, tea, perhaps it’s time to —JUST SAY NO!!

YES IT IS A PRETTY WICKED BREW… BUT—

There’s  hope!  While  it’s  not  an  easy  thing  to  quit  using  caffeine,  it’s  by  no  means  a  mission

impossible  either.  Since  caffeine  has  been  called  “the  bad  habit  glue,”*  we  can  honestly  say

that while you’re quitting, you may feel like you’re coming unglued—and you will be, but in a

very helpful, healthy way.

Among  other  things,  caffeine  withdrawal  can  include  headaches,  jittery  nerves,  dizziness

irritability, and drowsiness. You may experience many symptoms, or just a few.

But don’t worry! You don’t need to be a Java-Junkie forever. Caffeine is a toxic, addictive drug

like morphine. But if you’ll follow 11 simple steps, quitting will much be much more “enjoyable”

and successful!

*The Physiological Basis of Medical Practice 7 th  Ed., 1961,p. 1210.

1-  Make  good  use  of  any  daily  leisure  time.  Idlness  may  encourage  self-indulgence  and  can

make bad habits harder to break.

2- Keep a diary in a notebook, recording success or failure on each of these points. Often the

very  act  of  writing  will  give  you  greater  compliance.  Don’t  be  discouraged  by  failures,  nor

overconfident by success.

3-  Control  your  diet  rigidly,  since  it  can  be  a  major  factor  in  overcoming  cravings.  For,  days,

carefully follow these instructions:

o        Don’t overeat, even good foods

o         Nicotine  in  tobacco  and  purines  in  meat  are  chemically  related  to  caffeine.  Using  them

will prolong your cravings

o         Vinegar,  spices,  hot  peppers  and  drinking  at  meal  time  irritate  the  stomach  and  cause

poor digestion, which can cause a lack of self-control

o        Alcohol use greatly reduces self-control

o        Eat mainly complex carbohydrates (fruits, nuts, grains, veggies, legumes) since they tend

to produce a calming effect on the nervous system

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4- If you are thirsty at mealtime, eat fruits of the succulent vegetables and your thirst will be

satisfied. Drink 2-3 glasses of water 30 minutes before eating.

5  –  Caffeine  use  is  often  tied  to  sugar  addiction.  Avoid  ALL  sugar  for  5  days.  (check  labels  for

hidden sugars (any “-tose or -rose” word)

6- If you feel drowsiness (most do), a brush massage followed by a cool shower will help. Take

short rotary strokes, or long slow strokes with a fairly stiff brush on the skin. Start at the fingers

and toes, and move toward the heart. [It would be a good idea to get some extra rest and sleep

as well to allow your body to do the work it needs to do.]

7  -Take  a  tepid  (body  temperature)  bath,  20  minutes  once  daily,  or  when  needed,  to  rid  of

nervous feelings.

8.- Caffeine users have a deeply ingrained nueromuscuIar habit of drinking from a nearby cup.

So, always have a cup of herb tea or cool water ready. You should drink 8-10 glasses of water a

day to avoid dehydration. This will lubricate your tissues, brain, muscles, joints, intestines, and

skin, and will help flush out toxins brought in by the coffee.

9-  Some  of  the  most  annoying  symptoms  are  due  to  caffeine’s  altering  the  chemistry  of  the

forebrain.  In  caffeine’s  absence,  you  may  experience  dizziness,  backache,  visual  disturbances,

and other problems. Don’t be alarmed. Don’t panic. They’ll disappear in a few days. You must

persevere to overcome this habit!

10-  The  most  common  withdrawal  symptom  is  headache.  To  combat  this,  or  any  withdrawal

symptom, keep a cup of any brown drink (coffee, tea, cola, etc.) in the refrigerator and take one

tablespoon.  Wait  30  minutes,  and  if  symptoms  continue,  take  another  tablespoon.  Repeat  as

often as necessary, but only take ONE tablespoon at a time. You can also try deep breathing.

Take a long, deep breath and hold for 20 seconds. Breathe out and hold for 10. Repeat up to 50

times if necessary.

11-  Trust  in  Divine  power.  God  loves  you  and  wants  you  to  be  freed  from  this  debilitating

addiction. He has promised:

“I am the…God of all flesh: is there anything too hard for me?” Jeremiah 32:21 When it comes

to kicking a caffeine habit:

 “With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.” Matthew 19:26

God wants you to “prosper and be in health,” (3 John 2)

He’s concerned about your health and happiness. If you will follow these 11 simple steps, you’ll

find both!

God  says  He  “is  able  even  to  subdue  all  things  unto  Himself”  (Philip  3:21),  and  that  includes

caffeine! If you use caffeine, why not ask Him to subdue it today?

Remember,  caffeine  is  a  powerful,  addictive,  mind-altering  stimulant.  While  these  steps  will

help break the caffeine habit, they will not work without determined effort. Don’t omit any step

-each one is essential!

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  FIFTH AVENUE CAROB CREAM PIE

If you’re depressed because of the bad news about chocolate, cheer up! Take a few minutes to

fix the carob pie recipe. Then, enjoy it with a friend and watch their surprise when you tell them

it isn’t chocolate! Who said giving up chocolate is no fun?

One taste and you’ll know why we call it this!

Blend until very smooth!

1 cup water

½ cup caschews (raw)

1 tsp. Vanilla

½ teaspoon salt

ADD and continue to blend!

1 cup Pitted Dates softened in 1 cup water (Add Both)

3 TBSN corn starch

3 TBSN Carob powder

1 tbsn ROMA or Postum (Optional, but adds a full, rich flavour)

Pour  into  saucepan,  and  thicken,  stirring  constantly.  When  thick,  pour  into  baked  Granola

Crunch or regular pie crust. Chill and serve. You’ll never want chocolate again!  It’s that good!

The pudding is delicious layered with granola and sliced bananas for a special breakfast treat. It

is  also  great  layered  with  chilled  Dreamy  Cream  Whip  in  a  parfait  glass,  topped  with  a

strawberry or a few carob chips. For a real taste treat, try a dish of fresh strawberries topped

with this versatile pudding.

GOOD To The Last Drop ?

How good is caffeine? All the facts are not in yet, but here are a few more studies that seem to

support the growing concern over caffeine’s safety:

Pregnancy

“A relatively small amount of caffeine consumed during pregnancy and lactation causes central

nervous system impairment in laboratory animals.” Biology of the neonate 49:277-283, 1986

“Caffeine  use  may  promote  abnormal  fetal  nervous  system  development.”  JOGN  Nursing

Jan/Feb, 1983

BLADDER

 “Coffee  drinking  may  be  related  to  cancer  of  the  lower  urinary  tract,  including  the  bladder.

These cancer rates are very high in those who drink more than 3 cups per day.” J of Nat’l Cancer

Inst. 54(3) 587, 1975

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HEART

“More than 3 cups/day increases cholesterol levels & heart disease risk.” JAMA. 251(10)1407-

1411, 1985

“Those who consume coffee have a more rapid heart beat under mental stress than those who

do not drink coffee.” Psychosomatic Medicine 54:344-353, 1992

PMS

“PMS sufferers may see some Improvement if they stop using caffeine products” Am J of Public

Health 80 (9) 1106-10, 1990

THE LAST SCOOP

A few final words about caffeine from those who know it best—clinicians and  Researchers.

Anyone who drinks two or more servings of caffeinated beverages per day is at risk for possible

withdrawal effects.”   NEJ Med. 327(16)1161, 1992

“A craving for chocolate may be linked to hysteroid dyspnoric syndrome [depression].” J Nerve

& Mental Disease 175(8)491 1987

“Physicians  need  to  consider  the  possibility  of  caffeine  withdrawal  in  patients  who  have

headaches, depression, fatigue, and drowsiness.” NEJ Med. 327(16) 1161, 1992

“The daily ingestion of even this amount [1 cup] of a potent alkaloid [coffee] is bound, to exert

some pharmacological action.” Pharmecological Basis of Theraputics 4 th  ed. P. 360

Caffeine  can  produce  a  clinical  dependence  syndrome  similar  to…other  psychoactive  drugs.”

American Medical News 10/10/94 p. 23

What we found is that caffeine interacts with stress and intensifies it.” Dr.James Lane Psychiatry

Researcher.

Women  who  really  want  to  play  it  safe,  should  avoid  caffeine  use  altogether”  Richard  B.

Johnson MD. March of Dimes Medical Director.

If caffeine were up for approval [before the FDA] today, it probably could only be obtained by

prescription.” Dr. Jere E. Goyan FDA, 1987

Exposure to caffeine at the time of brain development results in retarded {brain growth] of 90%

of [rat] embryos.” (Human fetal brain growth begins at week 3-5 of pregnancy) Teratogenesis

Carcinogenesis Mutagenesis 14:205-211, 1994

  Depression!

Ask almost anyone what would happen if they stopped drinking coffee, and they may say: “I’d

feel so depressed!” The truth is, coffee drinking  may be a significant cause of depression.

Studies  show  that  arousal-producing  agents  such  as  stimulants,  or  severe  stress,  can  actually

damage the delicate nerves deep within the brain.

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It  is  here  that  corticotropin-raising  hormone  (CRH)  is  produced.  CRH  is  the  hormone  that,

through a chain of reactions, prompts the adrenals to produce cortisol.

As  stress  or  stimulants  like  caffeine  bloc  normal  mechanism  that  shuts  off  CRH  production,

hypersecretions  of  both  CRH  and  cortisol  are  the  result.  And  that  spells  trouble-perhaps

permanent damage! A-for those delicate nerves that control CRH release. Consider that:

“The most consistent finding in biologic psychiatry is that patients with major depression often

have Hypercortisolism (too much cortisol)…B

This  suggests  that  even  if  one  stops  using  caffeine  products,  he  or  she  may  battle  with  a

tendency toward depression for the rest of his or her life B as a result of this nerve damage and

destruction.

A: Endocrinology 114:287-292, 1984

B: The New England Journal of Medicine 319(7)413-420,1988

  Caffeine & Hypertension (high b/p)

  1. -Can render anti-hypertensive medication ineffective because it raises B/P A
  2. -May effect both diagnosis & treatment of disease; authors suggest abstinence. B
  3. 2-3 C. raises diastolic Blood Pressure for 3 hours. B
  4. 2 C/day can raise B/P 20% C
  5. Borderline hypertensives who face daily stress should avoid caffeine. D

A, Psychosomatic Medicine 45,447-451,1983

B, Am J of Hypertension 7:755-58, 1994

C, Psychosomatic Medicine 52:320-336, 1990

D, Psychosomatic Medicine 56:147-180, 1994

HOW SWEET IT ISN’T!

 How does all that sugar in chocolate and added to your coffee affect your body? The truth isn’t

too sweet!

Teaspoons  of  sugar  eaten

at one time

0

6

12

18

24

# of bacteria destroyed by 1

white blood cell

14

10

5.5

2

1

%   decrease   in   ability   to

destroy bacteria *

0

25

60

85

92

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*Effect lasts up to 12 hours   –Sweet Talk p.18

Each white blood cell should kill 14 “bugs” in its lifetime. As you can see, sugar greatly hinders

them in their work. The fewer “bugs” killed, the greater your chance of sickness. Look at what 6

teaspoons of sugar in 2 cups of coffee will do. One can of soda has an average of 12 teaspoons

of sugar! The typical American eats 52 teaspoons per day. But there’s more sour news about

sugar. Several recent studies found that:

REGULARLY USING 1 TEASPOON OF SUGAR IN COFFEE INCREASED COLON CANCER RISK BY 40%.

AND 3 TEASPOONS DOUBLED IT! A –

That, the researchers said, MAKES SUGAR AS GREAT A RISK FACTOR FOR COLORECTAL CANCER

AS ANIMAL FAT AND RED MEAT. A

A:  Int’l  J  Epidemiology  22(2)207-214,  1993  Journal  of  Nutrition  124(4)517-523,  1994    Atlanta

Journal Constitution 4/10/94

CAFFEINE and DIABETES

Two cups of coffee significantly raises blood sugar, thus leading to high incidence of functional

hypoglycemia in coffee drinkers A

Caffeine can be considered a risk factor in the production of diabetes B

Caffeine makes diabetes much worse in mouse experiments C

Coffee may trigger dangerous false blood sugar values D

A: Lancet 1:627-529 3/11/67

B: JAMA 231:965, 1975

C: Medical World New 33, 2/19/65

D: Annals Int. Medicine 119(8)799-804, 1993

   REFERENCES

  1. Lifeline 5 (1) Jan/Feb, 199O
  2. Journal of Child/Adult Psychology March 1994
  3. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(l3)1065, 1994; New York Times 10/5/94
  4. Journal of Rehabilitation 44-45 July/Aug/Sept 1992
  5. Journal of Rehabilitation 45: July/Aug/Sept I992
  6. New England Journal of Medicine 314(10) 651, 1985
  7. American Medical News 23: October, 1994
  8. Dorland’s Medical Dictionary, WB. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1994,p. 67
  9. Food Chem Toxicol 24 :835-842, 1986;23 747-752, 1985; Mutogenesis 4:343-348, 1989
  10. Food and Drug Administration news release number P80-36, Sept. 4, 1980

Calamity in a Cup

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11 Journal of Family Practice, 4(6)1180-1188,1977.

  1. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 42(1)84-85, Jan. 1991.
  2. Psychology Reports 59(1)83-86
  3. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 93(1)120-122, 1984.
  4. H.A. deVries, Physiology of exercise, DuBuque, IA,WmBrown, 1966,p. 395
  5. Psychosomatic Medicine 56:267-270, 1994
  6. Psychosomatic Medicine 56:164-165,1994
  7. Journal of the American Medical Association 255(2)259-260,1986
  8. Journal of the American Medical Association 231:965,1975
  9. American Journal of Psychiatry 138:178-183,1981
  10. Internal Medicine News, 63-73,1/26/1976,
  11. Neurotoxicology / Teritology 16(1)11-15,1994
  12. Life Sciences, 47:1141-1146,1990.
  13. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 87:1048-1053,1987.
  14. International Journal of Epidemiology 14:239-248, 1985.
  15. J.R. Di Palma, Drill’s Pharmacology in Medicine, 4th Ed., Now York, McGraw-Hill, 1971, pp.

538-539

  1. Medical Tribune for the Family Physician 35(5), 1994
  2. CNI Weekly Report ,4/12I1981
  3. H.A. Haroer,  Review  of  Physiological  Chemistry,  135 th   Ed.,  LosAltos,  CA,  Lang,  Med.  Pub.,

197

  1. Lancet, 1:527-529, March 11,1967

3I. Surgery 86:105-109, 1979; Internal Medicine Alert 2:53,1980: JAMA 255 (2) 259-260, 1986

  1. Journal of the American Medical Association 71:240, 1977
  2. Cancer Research 28:2375-2389,1968
  3. Lancet 2:212, July 24,1971
  4. Mutogenesis 4:343-8,  1989:  Mutat  Res.  26:13-19,1989:  Food  Chem  ToxicoI  24:835-42,

1986;23:747- 52  1985

  1. Journal of the American Medical Association 270(24)2974, 1993 Dr. Brenda Eskanazi
  2. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 54:587,1975
  3. 56. Garattini, Silvio, Caffeine, Coffee, and Health, Raven Press New York, 1993, pp. 17-41 H

Maarse, Volatile Compounds in Food, Vol. 2, 6th Ed., Zeist, 1989

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  1. American Journal of Epidemiology 117:113-127, 1983; /Nat. Cancer Inst. 54:587, 1975
  2. American Journal of Public Health 74(8)820-23,1984
  3. Georgia Hodgkin, M.S., RD., et.al., ‘Caffeine: Bad to the Last Drop’, Loma Linda, CA
  4. International Journal of Cancer 28(6)691-693,1981
  5. British Journal of Cancer 58:397-401 , 1988:54:677-683, 1986
  6. Insight 2(32)55, 1986
  7. Annals of Saudi Medicine 8(2)108-112,1988
  8. New England Journal of Medicine 289:63-67,1973
  9. Medical World News 63-73,1/2611976
  10. Medical World News 3/19/1979
  11. American Journal of Epidemiology 117:113-127,1983; 132(4)675-684, 1990; Nutr Research

4(1)43-50 1984

  1. Modern Medicine 13-14,8/1986
  2. Abundant Health, 491,p.3
  3. New England Journal of Medicine 315:456, 1986; Psychosomatics 27(3)2I8-219, 1986
  4. New Scientist, 2/1988
  5. Earl Mindell, Unsafe at any Meal, Warner Books, NY, 1987,pp.112-113
  6. Journal of Adolescent Health I5:210,1994
  7. Garattini, Silvio, Caffeine, Coffee, and Health, Raven Press New York, 1993, pp. 98, 114.
  8. Endocrinology 85:410, 1961
  9. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 42(2)313-3I5,1991
  10. Lancet 2:1453-1456, Dec. 24/31,1988
  11. American Journal of Public Health 80(9)1106-1110, 1990.
  12. New England Journal of Medicine 308:1454-1457,1983.
  13. Cutis 40:421-422, 1987.
  14. British Medical Journal 300:642-643, 1990
  15. Journal of the American Medical Association 255(2)259-260, 1986:J Environ PathoI Toxicol

2:687, 1979

  1. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 175:8, 1987
  2. Journal of the American Dietetic Assoc 71:240-247, 1977; Nutrition and the MD, July 1978
  3. Journal of Nutrition 111:545, 1981; 111:553, 198 Journal of the American Dietetic Assoc 76:

148-151, 1980

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  1. Chocolate, Coca-Cola, Cocoa, and Coffee, Int’l Nutr. Research Fndtn., Riverside, CA
  2. Dr. Hans Diehl, Cardiovascular health improvement program lecture, Ottawa, Canada, April

1992

  1. The Journal of Emergency Medicine 13(1)113-117, 1995

    Ellen White on Coffe.

    Much injury is done to health by the variety of the food which is seen on so many tables. Take the different dishes that are placed on the table at one meal, and put them all together in one vessel–stir them up together. Does it make the stomach turn to look at it? Leave it for a few hours and it will ferment. Yet thousands compel their stomachs to receive just such a mass as this every day–half masticated meat, condiments, spices, pies, and sweet puddings are washed down with tea and coffee. The abused stomach is obliged to take them and do the best it can with them. 10MR 286

    Two years ago I came to the conclusion that there was danger in using the flesh of dead animals, and since then I have not used meat at all. It is never placed on my table. I use fish when I can get it. We can get beautiful fish from the saltwater lake near here. I use neither tea nor coffee. As I labour against these things, I cannot but practice that which I know to be best for health, and my family are all in perfect harmony with me. You see, my dear niece, that I am telling you matters just as they are. 14MR 330

    There are many who spend their money for that which is not bread–for tea, coffee, the large use of flesh-meats. All of these produce their sure results in painful affliction. Many animals have been butchered when their blood was in a high state of fever, apparently boiling with madness. Those who eat of these meats are subject to inflammation and blood-poisoning. Some have distressing spasms, some have great distress of the bowels. 15MR 283

    Never allow Dr. _____ to connect with the institution with the understanding that tea, coffee, and flesh meat will be served to the patients. . . . 1MR 289

    In regard to flesh meat, do not bring it into the [Wahroonga] sanitarium. Neither tea nor coffee should be served. Caramel cereal, made as nicely as possible, should be served in the place of these health-destroying beverages. In regard to the third meal, do not make eating but two meals compulsory. Some do best healthwise when eating three light meals, and when they are restricted to two, they feel the change severely. 1MR 289

    We are not to make rules with the idea that they are never to be changed or modified. In our sanitariums the seventh-day Sabbath is ever to be kept holy. No tea, coffee, or flesh meat is to be served, unless it is in some special case, where the patient particularly desires it, and then, these articles of food should be served to him in his room. No tests that the Bible does not require are to be brought in. Every effort should be made to win the confidence of the patients, that their hearts may be reached by the truth. The workers are to draw as near to them as they can, bringing them into the sunshine of Christ’s love. 1MR 290

    Some are indulging lustful appetite which wars against the soul and is a constant hindrance to their spiritual advancement. They constantly bear an accusing conscience, and if straight truths are talked they are prepared to be offended. They are self-condemned and feel that subjects have been purposely selected to touch their case. They feel grieved and injured, and withdraw themselves from the assemblies of the saints. They forsake the assembling of themselves together, for then their consciences are not so disturbed. They soon lose their interest in the meetings and their love for the truth, and, unless they entirely reform, will go back and take their position with the rebel host who stand under the black banner of Satan. If these will crucify fleshly lusts which war against the soul, they will get out of the way, where the arrows of truth will pass harmlessly by them. But while they indulge lustful appetite, and thus cherish their idols, they make themselves a mark for the arrows of truth to hit, and if truth is spoken at all, they must be wounded. Some think that they cannot reform, that health would be sacrificed should they attempt to leave the use of tea, tobacco, and flesh meats. This is the suggestion of Satan. It is these hurtful stimulants that are surely undermining the constitution and preparing the system for acute diseases by impairing Nature’s fine machinery and battering down her fortifications erected against disease and premature decay. 1T 548

    For about two years self and family have tried the two meal per day system,[* SEE APPENDIX C.] during which time we have not used meats of any kind; neither have we used tea or coffee, nor any highly seasoned food, and but a very small quantity of fish; we have used grains, fruits, and vegetables. The results of the system are evenness of temper, clearness of mind, steadiness of nerve, increased mental power, and a better subjection of the physical to the moral power. 2BIO 137

    [ Borrowed Power Results in Depression. ] –Through the intemperance begun at home, the digestive organs first become weakened, and soon ordinary food does not satisfy the appetite. Unhealthy conditions are established, and there is a craving for more stimulating food. Tea and coffee produce an immediate effect. Under the influence of these poisons the nervous system is excited; and in some cases, for the time being, the intellect seems to be invigorated, the imagination more vivid. Because these stimulants produce such agreeable results, many conclude that they really need them; but there is always a reaction. 2MCP 484

    [ Counsel on the Administration of Drugs ] [ Seldom Needed–Use Them Less and Less. ] –Drug medication, as it is generally practised, is a curse. Educate away from drugs. Use them less and less, and depend more upon hygienic agencies; then nature will respond to God’s physicians–pure air, pure water, proper exercise, a clear conscience. Those who persist in the use of tea, coffee, and flesh meats will feel the need of drugs, but many might recover without one grain of medicine if they would obey the laws of health. Drugs need seldom be used.[* IN HARMONY WITH THESE WORDS WAS MRS. WHITE’S COUNSEL WHEN ASKED CONCERNING THE USE OF QUININE IN THE TREATMENT OF MALARIA. HER SON, WHO TRAVELLED WITH HER AND ASSISTED HER, REPORTS THE FOLLOWING: “ONE TIME WHILE WE WERE IN AUSTRALIA, A BROTHER WHO HAD BEEN ACTING AS A MISSIONARY IN THE ISLANDS, TOLD MOTHER OF THE SICKNESS AND DEATH OF HIS FIRST-BORN SON. HE WAS SERIOUSLY AFFLICTED WITH MALARIA, AND HIS FATHER WAS ADVISED TO GIVE HIM QUININE, BUT IN VIEW OF THE COUNSEL IN THE TESTIMONIES TO AVOID THE USE OF QUININE HE REFUSED TO ADMINISTER IT, AND HIS SON DIED. WHEN HE MET SISTER WHITE, HE ASKED HER THIS QUESTION: ‘WOULD I HAVE SINNED TO GIVE THE BOY QUININE WHEN I KNEW OF NO OTHER WAY TO CHECK MALARIA AND WHEN THE PROSPECT WAS THAT HE WOULD DIE WITHOUT IT?’ IN REPLY SHE SAID, ‘NO, WE ARE EXPECTED TO DO THE BEST WE CAN.'” –W. C. WHITE LETTER, SEPTEMBER 10, 1935.–COMPILERS.]– p. 261 (1890). 2SM 281

    [ “My herb drink.” ] –We need not go to China for our tea, or to Java for our coffee. Some have said: “Sister White uses tea, she keeps it in her house;” and that she has placed it before them to drink. They have not told the truth because I do not use it, neither do I keep it in my house. Once when crossing the waters I was sick and could retain nothing on my stomach and I did take a little weak tea as a medicine, but I don’t want any of you again to make the remark that “Sister White uses tea.” If you will come to my house I will show you the bag that contains my herb drink. I send to Michigan, across the mountains, and get the red-clover top. In regard to coffee, I never could drink it, so those who reported that Sister White drinks coffee made a mistake.– Manuscript 3, 1888 (Sermon, Oakland, California). 2SM 301

    [ Tea Used as a Medicine, but Not as a Beverage. ] –I do not use tea, either green or black. Not a spoonful has passed my lips for many years except when crossing the ocean, and once since on this side I took it as a medicine when I was sick and vomiting. In such circumstances it may prove a present relief. 2SM 302

    I did not use tea when you were with us. I have always used red-clover top, as I stated to you. I offered you this, and told you it was a good, simple, and wholesome drink…. 2SM 302

    I have not bought a penny’s worth of tea for years. Knowing its influence I would not dare to use it, except in cases of severe vomiting when I take it as a medicine, but not as a beverage…. 2SM 302

    [ Coffee as Medicine. ] –I have not knowingly drunk a cup of genuine coffee for twenty years, only, as I stated, during my sickness–for a medicine–I drank a cup of coffee, very strong, with a raw egg broken into it.–Letter 20, 1882 (To friends). 2SM 302

    I have not knowingly drunk a cup of genuine coffee for twenty years, only, as I stated, during my sickness–for a medicine–I drank a cup of coffee, very strong, with a raw egg broken into it.–Letter 20, 1882 (To friends). 2SM 302

    The second effect of tea drinking is headache, wakefulness, palpitation of the heart, indigestion, trembling of the nerves, with many other evils. “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.” God calls for a living sacrifice, not a dead or dying one. When we realise the requirements of God, we shall see that He requires us to be temperate in all things. The end of our creation is to glorify God in our bodies and spirits, which are His. How can we do this when we indulge the appetite to the injury of the physical and moral powers? God requires that we present our bodies a living sacrifice. Then the duty is enjoined on us to preserve that body in the very best condition of health, that we may comply with His requirements. “Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.” 2T 065

    A man and his sister lived in the house joined to this barn–for universally the barn is one-half of the house. The smallest half is the dwelling part for the family. These two, brother and sister, are strong Catholics and they are devoted to the Catholic religion, but they treated us with the greatest courtesy. They wanted to make us a dish of coffee or tea, or serve us with cake and wine, but all this was declined. They urged us to come into the family rooms, but I could sit in the carriage and look out through the large open doors and see the showers of hail and I did not wish to go into the house where I would be deprived of this sight. . . . We gathered up handfuls of the hail and ate them. 3MR 374

    Above all things, we should not with our pens advocate positions that we do not put to a practical test in our own families, upon our own tables. This is dissimulation, a species of hypocrisy. In Michigan we can get along better without salt, sugar, and milk than can many who are situated in the Far West or in the far East, where there is a scarcity of fruit. But there are very few families in Battle Creek who do not use these articles upon their tables. We know that a free use of these things is positively injurious to health, and, in many cases, we think that if they were not used at all, a much better state of health would be enjoyed. But at present our burden is not upon these things. The people are so far behind that we see it is all they can bear to have us draw the line upon their injurious indulgences and stimulating narcotics. We bear positive testimony against tobacco, spirituous liquors, snuff, tea, coffee, flesh meats, butter, spices, rich cakes, mince pies, a large amount of salt, and all exciting substances used as articles of food. 3T 021

    Intemperance commences at our tables in the use of unhealthful food. After a time, through continued indulgence, the digestive organs become weakened, and the food taken does not satisfy the appetite. Unhealthy conditions are established, and there is a craving for more stimulating food. Tea, coffee, and flesh meats produce an immediate effect. Under the influence of these poisons the nervous system is excited, and, in some cases, for the time being, the intellect seems to be invigorated and the imagination to be more vivid. Because these stimulants produce for the time being such agreeable results, many conclude that they really need them and continue their use. But there is always a reaction. The nervous system, having been unduly excited, borrowed power for present use from its future resources of strength. All this temporary invigoration of the system is followed by depression. In proportion as these stimulants temporarily invigorate the system will be the letting down of the power of the excited organs after the stimulus has lost its force. The appetite is educated to crave something stronger which will have a tendency to keep up and increase the agreeable excitement, until indulgence becomes habit, and there is a continual craving for stronger stimulus, as tobacco, wines, and liquors. The more the appetite is indulged, the more frequent will be its demands and the more difficult of control. The more debilitated the system becomes and the less able to do without unnatural stimulus, the more the passion for these things increases, until the will is overborne, and there seems to be no power to deny the unnatural craving for these indulgences. 3T 487

    Intemperance commences at our tables in the use of unhealthful food. After a time, through continued indulgence, the digestive organs become weakened, and the food taken does not satisfy the appetite. Unhealthy conditions are established, and there is a craving for more stimulating food. Tea, coffee, and flesh meats produce an immediate effect. Under the influence of these poisons the nervous system is excited, and, in some cases, for the time being, the intellect seems to be invigorated and the imagination to be more vivid. Because these stimulants produce for the time being such agreeable results, many conclude that they really need them and continue their use. But there is always a reaction. The nervous system, having been unduly excited, borrowed power for present use from its future resources of strength. All this temporary invigoration of the system is followed by depression. In proportion as these stimulants temporarily invigorate the system will be the letting down of the power of the excited organs after the stimulus has lost its force. The appetite is educated to crave something stronger which will have a tendency to keep up and increase the agreeable excitement, until indulgence becomes habit, and there is a continual craving for stronger stimulus, as tobacco, wines, and liquors. The more the appetite is indulged, the more frequent will be its demands and the more difficult of control. The more debilitated the system becomes and the less able to do without unnatural stimulus, the more the passion for these things increases, until the will is overborne, and there seems to be no power to deny the unnatural craving for these indulgences. 3T 487

    Tobacco is a slow, insidious poison, and its effects are more difficult to cleanse from the system than those of liquor. What power can the tobacco devotee have to stay the progress of intemperance? There must be a revolution in our world upon the subject of tobacco before the axe is laid at the root of the tree. We press the subject still closer. Tea and coffee are fostering the appetite which is developing for stronger stimulants, as tobacco and liquor. And we come still closer home, to the daily meals, the tables spread in Christian households. Is temperance practised in all things? Are the reforms which are essential to health and happiness carried out there? Every true Christian will have control of his appetite and passions. Unless he is free from the bondage and slavery of appetite he cannot be a true, obedient servant of Christ. It is the indulgence of appetite and passion which makes the truth of none effect upon the heart. It is impossible for the spirit and power of the truth to sanctify a man, soul, body, and spirit, when he is controlled by appetite and passion. – 3T 569

    I saw that Brother Morrell was a nervous dyspeptic. Should he adopt the health reform, his health would improve. Everything of a stimulating nature as tea, coffee, or flesh meats, he should avoid. These are all too stimulating, too great a tax to the nervous system. They do not impart strength as he supposes to the nerves, but take the strength from the nerves and use his reserve force, vital force. They have an exhilarating influence at first, but in the end [leave] him just as much below the medium, as through their influence he was raised above the medium. These things are an injury, and he should by degrees leave all stimulating, irritating causes and eat food that will not simulate and draw upon the strength of the nerves, thus having an influence to debilitate the nervous system. He will for a time feel the need of these hurtful brain- and nerve-weakening indulgences, but in time he will recover as much by their disuse as he has lost through their use. Then can the brain think more calmly, sleep will not be so uncertain. . . . 5MR 298

    I have had the situation opened to me, my brother, and the results for which a sanitarium should be conducted. The Boulder Sanitarium had, in the fear of God, taken the ground that our leading sanitariums have taken–to discard meat, tea, coffee, spirituous liquor, and the drug medications. Temperance principles had been taught in parlour lectures, and in other ways. Wholesome foods were served, and genuine health reform was taught. This institution should have had the right of way. But by the location of another sanitarium so nearby, the principles of which are in some respects quite different from those of the Boulder Sanitarium, difficulties will be presented which should not exist.–Letter 196, 1906. 6BIO 036

    Wherever the last message of warning is given combined with medical missionary work and lessons on the right principles of living, wonderful results are seen. Our sanitariums are to be the means of enlightening those who come to them for treatment. The patients are to be shown how they can live upon a diet of grains, fruits, nuts, and other products of the soil. I have been instructed that lectures should be regularly given in our sanitariums on health topics. People are to be taught to discard those articles of food that weaken the health and strength of the beings for whom Christ gave His life. The injurious effects of tea and coffee are to be shown. The patients are to be taught how they can dispense with those articles of diet that injure the digestive organs. These things are to be treated from a health standpoint.–Letter 233, 1905, pp. 7, 9. (To Dr. and Mrs. D. H. Kress, August 9, 1905.) 7MR 380

    Concerning flesh meat, we should educate the people to let it alone. Its use is contrary to the best development of the physical, mental, and moral powers. And we should bear a clear testimony against the use of tea and coffee. It is also well to discard rich desserts. Milk, eggs, and butter should not be classed with flesh meat. In some cases the use of eggs is beneficial. The time has not come to say that the use of milk and eggs should be wholly discarded. There are poor families whose diet consists largely of bread and milk. They have little fruit and cannot afford to purchase the nut foods. In teaching health reform, as in all other gospel work, we are to meet the people where they are. Until we can teach them how to prepare health reform foods that are palatable, nourishing, and yet inexpensive, we are not at liberty to present the most advanced propositions regarding health reform diet. 7T 134

    I think that healthy, growing youth need a nourishing diet, especially when dispensing with meat, which has an immediate stimulating influence, to be followed by depression. Meat eating cannot be tolerated in the school. Tea or coffee should not be allowed. And if the students are allowed to have lunches in their rooms, unwholesome food will be eaten, which will be deleterious to health.–Letter 141, 1899, pp. 1, 2. (To A. G. Daniells, W. C. White and E. R. Palmer, September 15, 1899.) Released June 21, 1978. 8MR 372

    Light has been given showing the injurious effects of tea, coffee, and flesh meats; but this light has been disregarded, even by those who profess to believe the testimonies. They even feel that to deny themselves of these health-destroying indulgences would be a restriction of their liberties. If deprived of their use for a time, they feel the loss, because of former indulgences, and are always pleading to be allowed to use them in some form. Care should be exercised in the case of self-indulgent worldlings who have been accustomed to the use of these stimulants. Enlighten their minds by the means of the talks and the lectures, in regard to the effects of tea, coffee, and flesh meats, and thus lead them to a voluntary correction of their habits. 8MR 382

    The question of how to preserve the health is one of primary importance. When we study this question in the fear of God, we shall learn that it is best, for both our physical and our spiritual advancement, to observe simplicity in diet. Let us patiently study this question. We need knowledge and judgement in order to move wisely in this matter. Nature’s laws are not to be resisted, but obeyed.

    Those who have received instruction regarding the evils of the use of flesh foods, tea and coffee, and rich and unhealthful food preparations, and who are determined to make a covenant with God by sacrifice, will not continue to indulge their appetite for food that they know to be unhealthful. God demands that the appetites be cleansed, and that self-denial be practised in regard to those things which are not good. This is a work that will have to be done before His people can stand before Him a perfected people. . . .

    There are some professed believers who accept certain portions of the Testimonies as the message of God, while they reject those portions that condemn their favourite indulgences. Such persons are working contrary to their own welfare, and the welfare of the church. It is essential that we walk in the light while we have the light. Those who claim to believe in health reform, and yet work counter to its principles in the daily life practice, are hurting their own souls and are leaving wrong impressions upon the minds of believers and unbelievers. . . .

    9T 153,154

    As we face these things, and see the terrible consequences of liquor-drinking, shall we not do all in our power to rally to the help of God in fighting against this great evil? At the foundation of liquor-drinking lie wrong habits of eating. Those who believe present truth should refuse to drink tea or coffee; for these excite a desire for stronger stimulants. They should refuse to eat flesh-meat; for this, too excites a desire for strong drink. Wholesome food, prepared with taste and skill, should be our diet now. BTS JUL.01,1902

    I was thoroughly convinced that many in the establishment were suffering with indigestion because of eating this kind of food. The digestive organs were enfeebled, and the blood impoverished. Their breakfast consisted of coffee and bread with the addition of prune sauce. This was not healthful. The stomach, after rest and sleep, was better able to take care of a substantial meal than when wearied with work. Then the noon meal was generally soup, sometimes meat. The stomach is small, but the appetite, unsatisfied, partakes largely of this liquid food, so it is burdened. CD 105

    [ Letter 213, 1902 ] In our sanitariums . . . no tea, coffee, or flesh meat is to be served, unless it is in some special case, where the patient particularly desires it, and then, these articles of food should be served to him in his room. CD 294

    Condiments and spices used in the preparation of food for the table aid in digestion in the same way that tea, coffee, and liquor are supposed to help the labouring man perform his tasks. After the immediate effects are gone, they drop as correspondingly below par as they were elevated above par by these stimulating substances. The system is weakened. The blood is contaminated, and inflammation is the sure result. CD 339

    We are to be brought into connection with the masses. Should health reform be taught them in its most extreme form, harm would be done. We ask them to leave off eating meat and drinking tea and coffee. That is well. But some say that milk also should be given up. This is a subject that needs to be carefully handled. There are poor families whose diet consists of bread and milk, and, if they can get it, a little fruit. All flesh food should be discarded, but vegetables should be made palatable with a little milk or cream or something equivalent. The poor say, when health reform is presented to them, “What shall we eat? We cannot afford to buy the nut foods.” As I preach the gospel to the poor, I am instructed to tell them to eat that food which is most nourishing. I cannot say to them, “You must not eat eggs or milk or cream. You must use no butter in the preparation of food.” The gospel must be preached to the poor, and the time has not yet come to prescribe the strictest diet. [ Letter 37, 1901 ] CD 358

    For thirty years the light on health reform has been coming to the people of God, but many have made it a subject of jest. They have continued to use tea, coffee, spices, and flesh meat. Their bodies are full of disease. How can we, I ask, present such ones to the Lord for healing? [ (Written 1884) E. from U.T. 2 ] CD 400

  1. Let our ministers and canvassers step under the banners of strict temperance. Never be ashamed to say, “No, thank you; I do not eat meat. I have conscientious scruples against eating the flesh of dead animals.” If tea is offered, refuse it, giving your reason for so doing. Explain that it is harmful, and though stimulating for a time, the stimulus soon wears off, and a corresponding depression is felt. [ Letter 135, 1902 ] CD 402

    [ Meeting the Issue Squarely Letter 59, 1898 ] 722. The sanitarium is doing good work. We have just come to the point of the vexed meat question. Should not those who come to the sanitarium have meat on their tables, and be instructed to leave it off gradually? . . . Years ago the light was given me that the position should not be taken positively to discard all meat, because in some cases it was better than the desserts, and dishes composed of sweets. These are sure to create disturbances. It is the variety and mixture of meat, vegetables, fruit, wines, tea, coffee, sweet cakes, and rich pies that ruin the stomach, and place human beings in a position where they become invalids with all the disagreeable effects of sickness upon the disposition. . . . CD 410

    Now no tea, coffee, or flesh meat is served in the institution. We are determined to live out the principles of health reform, to walk in the way of truth and righteousness. We shall not, for fear of losing patronage, be half-and-half reformers. We have taken our position, and by God’s help we shall stand by it. The food provided for the patients is wholesome and palatable. The diet is composed of fruits and grains and nuts. Here in California there is an abundance of fruit of all kinds. CD 414

    Many make a mistake in drinking cold water with their meals. Taken with meals, water diminishes the flow of the salivary glands; and the colder the water, the greater the injury to the stomach. Ice water or ice lemonade, drunk with meals, will arrest digestion until the system has imparted sufficient warmth to the stomach to enable it to take up its work again. Hot drinks are debilitating; and besides, those who indulge in their use become slaves to the habit. Food should not be washed down; no drink is needed with meals. Eat slowly, and allow the saliva to mingle with the food. The more liquid there is taken into the stomach with the meals, the more difficult it is for the food to digest; for the liquid must first be absorbed. Do not eat largely of salt; give up bottled pickles; keep fiery spiced food out of your stomach; eat fruit with your meals, and the irritation which calls for so much drink will cease to exist. But if anything is needed to quench thirst, pure water, drunk some little time before of after meal, is all that nature requires. Never take tea, coffee, beer, wine, or any spirituous liquors. Water is the best liquid possible to cleanse the tissues. CD 420

    Coffee is a hurtful indulgence. It temporarily excites the mind to unwonted action, but the after-effect is exhaustion, prostration, paralysis of the mental, moral, and physical powers. The mind becomes enervated, and unless through determined effort the habit is overcome, the activity of the brain is permanently lessened. All these nerve irritants are wearing away the life forces, and the restlessness caused by shattered nerves, the impatience, the mental feebleness, become a warring element, antagonising to spiritual progress. Then should not those who advocate temperance and reform be awake to counteract the evils of these injurious drinks? In some cases it is as difficult to break up the tea-and-coffee habit as it is for the inebriate to discontinue the use of liquor. The money expended for tea and coffee is worse than wasted. They do the user only harm, and that continually. Those who use tea, coffee, opium, and alcohol, may sometimes live to an old age, but this fact is no argument in favour of the use of these stimulants. What these persons might have accomplished, but failed to do because of their intemperate habits, the great day of God alone will reveal. CD 421

    The effect of tea and coffee, as heretofore shown, tends in the same direction as that of wine and cider, liquor and tobacco. . . . CD 421

    Tea, coffee, and tobacco, as well as alcoholic drinks, are different degrees in the scale of artificial stimulants. CD 421

    Those who resort to tea and coffee for stimulation to labour, will feel the evil effects of this course in trembling nerves and lack of self-control. Tired nerves need rest and quiet. Nature needs time to recuperate her exhausted energies. But if her forces are goaded on by use of stimulants, there is, whenever this process is repeated, a lessening of real force. For a time more may be accomplished under the unnatural stimulus, but gradually it becomes more difficult to rouse the energies to the desired point, and at last exhausted nature can no longer respond. CD 422

    Because of these results, many suppose that their tea or coffee is doing them great good. But this is a mistake. Tea and coffee do not nourish the system. Their effect is produced before there has been time for digestion and assimilation, and what seems to be strength is only nervous excitement. When the influence of the stimulant is gone, the unnatural force abates, and the result is a corresponding degree of languor and debility. CD 424

    The continued use of these nerve irritants is followed by headache, wakefulness, palpitation of the heart, indigestion, trembling, and many other evils, for they wear away the life forces. Tired nerves need rest and quiet instead of stimulation and overwork. Nature needs time to recuperate her exhausted energies. When her forces are goaded on by the use of stimulants, more will be accomplished for a time; but as the system becomes debilitated by their constant use, it gradually becomes more difficult to rouse the energies to the desired point. The demand for stimulants becomes more difficult to control, until the will is overborne, and there seems to be no power to deny the unnatural craving. Stronger and still stronger stimulants are called for, until exhausted nature can no longer respond. CD 424

    Tea and coffee drinking is a sin, an injurious indulgence, which, like other evils, injures the soul. These darling idols create an excitement, a morbid action of the nervous system; and after the immediate influence of the stimulants is gone, it lets down below par just to that degree that its stimulating properties elevated above par. (1861) CD 425

    Those who are in the habit of using tea, coffee, tobacco, opium, or spirituous liquors, cannot worship God when they are deprived of the accustomed indulgence. Let them, while deprived of these stimulants, engage in the worship of God, and divine grace would be powerless to animate, enliven, or spiritualise their prayers or their testimonies. These professed Christians should consider the means of their enjoyment. Is it from above, or from beneath? CD 426

    [ A Losing Battle With Appetite (1875) 3T 487, 488 ] 745. Intemperance commences at our tables, in the use of unhealthful food. After a time, through continued indulgence, the digestive organs become weakened, and the food taken does not satisfy the appetite. Unhealthy conditions are established, and there is a craving for more stimulating food. Tea, coffee, and flesh meats produce an immediate effect. Under the influence of these poisons, the nervous system is excited, and, in some cases, for the time being, the intellect seems to be invigorated and the imagination to be more vivid. Because these stimulants produce for the time being such agreeable results, many conclude that they really need them, and continue their use. But there is always a reaction. The nervous system, having been unduly excited, borrowed power for present use from its future resources of strength. All this temporary invigoration of the system is followed by depression. In proportion as these stimulants temporarily invigorate the system, will be the letting down of the power of the excited organs after the stimulus has lost its force. The appetite is educated to crave something stronger, which will have a tendency to keep up and increase the agreeable excitement, until indulgence becomes habit, and there is a continual craving for stronger stimulus, as tobacco, wines, and liquors. The more the appetite is indulge, the more frequent will be its demands, and the more difficult of control. The more debilitated the system becomes, and the less able to do without unnatural stimulus, the more the passion for these things increases, until the will is overborne, and there seems to be no power to deny the unnatural craving for these indulgences. CD 427

    [ Persevere, and Nature Will Rally ] In relation to tea, coffee, tobacco, and alcoholic drinks, the only safe course is to touch not, taste not, handle not. The tendency of tea, coffee, and similar drinks is in the same direction as that of alcoholic liquor and tobacco, and in some cases the habit is as difficult to break as it is for the drunkard to give up intoxicants. Those who attempt to leave off these stimulants will for a time feel a loss, and will suffer without them. But by persistence they will overcome the craving, and cease to feel the lack. Nature may require a little time to recover from the abuse she has suffered; but give her a chance, and she will again rally, and perform her work nobly and well. [ (1875) 3T 569 ] CD 430

  1. Concerning flesh meat we can all say, Let it alone. And all should bear a clear testimony against tea and coffee, never using them. They are narcotics, injurious alike to the brain and to the other organs of the body…. CD 430

    It is many years since I have had meat on my table at home. We never use tea or coffee. Occasionally I have used red-clover-blossom tea for a warm drink, but few of my family drink any fluid at our meals. The table is provided with cream instead of butter, even though we have company present. I have not used butter for many years. CD 492

    [ tea and coffee Are Contributing Factors. ] — Through the intemperance begun at home, the digestive organs first become weakened, and soon ordinary food does not satisfy the appetite. Unhealthy conditions are established, and there is a craving for more stimulating food. Tea and coffee produce an immediate effect. Under the influence of these poisons the nervous system is excited; and in some cases, for the time being, the intellect seems to be invigorated, the imagination more vivid. Because these stimulants produce such agreeable results, many conclude that they really need them; but there is always a reaction. The nervous system has borrowed power from its future resources for present use, and all this temporary invigoration is followed by a corresponding depression. The suddenness of the relief obtained from tea and coffee is an evidence that what seems to be strength is only nervous excitement, and consequently must be an injury to the system. CG 403

    Tea and coffee do not nourish the system. The relief obtained from them is sudden, before the stomach has time to digest them. This shows that what the users of these stimulants call strength, is only received by exciting the nerves of the stomach, which convey the irritation to the brain, and this in turn is aroused to impart increased action to the heart, and short-lived energy to the entire system. All this is false strength, that we are the worse for having. They do not give a particle of natural strength. The second effect of tea drinking is headache, wakefulness, palpitation of the heart, indigestion, trembling of the nerves, with many other evils. CH 087

    Tea and coffee, condiments, confectionery, and pastries are all active causes of indigestion. Flesh food also is harmful. Its naturally stimulating effect should be a sufficient argument against its use; and the almost universally diseased condition of animals makes it doubly objectionable. It tends to irritate the nerves and to excite the passions, thus giving the balance of power to the lower propensities. ED 203

    In the study of hygiene, students should be taught the nutrient value of different foods. The effect of a concentrated and stimulating diet, also of foods deficient in the elements of nutrition, should be made plain. Tea and coffee, fine-flour bread, pickles, coarse vegetables, candies, condiments, and pastries fail of supplying proper nutriment. Many a student has broken down as the result of using such foods. Many a puny child, incapable of vigorous effort of mind or body, is the victim of an impoverished diet. Grains, fruits, nuts, and vegetables, in proper combination, contain all the elements of nutrition; and when properly prepared, they constitute the diet that best promotes both physical and mental strength. ED 204

    To a certain extent, tea produces intoxication. It enters into the circulation, and gradually impairs the energy of body and mind. It stimulates, excites, and quickens the motion of the living machinery, forcing it to unnatural action, and thus gives the tea drinker the impression that it is doing him great service, imparting to him strength. This is a mistake. Tea draws upon the strength of the nerves, and leaves them greatly weakened. When its influence is gone and the increased action caused by its use is abated, then what is the result?–Languor and debility corresponding to the artificial vivacity the tea imparted. When the system is already overtaxed and needs rest, the use of tea spurs up nature by stimulation to perform unwonted, unnatural action, and thereby lessens her power to perform, and her ability to endure; and her powers give out long before Heaven designed they should. Tea is poisonous to the system. Christians should let it alone. . . . The second effect of tea drinking is headache, wakefulness, palpitation of the heart, indigestion, trembling of the nerves, and many other evils.– HL 107

  1. The influence of coffee is in a degree the same as tea, but the effect upon the system is still worse. Its influence is exciting, and just in the degree that it elevates above par, it will exhaust and bring prostration below par. . . . The relief obtained from them [tea and coffee] is sudden, before the stomach has had time to digest them. This shows that what the users of these stimulants call strength is only received by exciting the nerves of the stomach, which convey the irritation to the brain, and this in turn is aroused to impart increased action to the heart, and short-lived energy to the entire system. All this is false strength, that we are the worse for having.– . HL 201
  1. To use drugs while continuing evil habits is certainly inconsistent, and greatly dishonours God by dishonouring the body which he has made. Yet for all this, stimulants and drugs continue to be prescribed and freely used; while the hurtful indulgences that produce the disease are not discarded. The use of tea, coffee, tobacco, opium, wine, beer, and other stimulants gives nature a false support. Physicians should understand how to treat the sick through the use of nature’s remedies. Pure air, pure water, and healthful exercise should be employed in the treatment of the sick.– . HL 247

    This might be correct if the appetite had never been perverted. There is a natural, and a depraved, appetite. Parents who have taught their children to eat unhealthful, stimulating food, all their lives, until the taste is perverted, and they crave clay, slate pencils, burned coffee, tea grounds, cinnamon, cloves, and spices, cannot claim that the appetite demands what the system requires. The appetite has been falsely educated, until it is depraved. The fine organs of the stomach have been stimulated and burned, until they have lost their delicate sensitiveness. Simple, healthful food, seems to them insipid. The abused stomach will not perform the work given it, unless urged to it by the most stimulating substances. If these children had been trained from their infancy to take only healthful food, prepared in the most simple manner, preserving its natural properties as much as possible, and avoiding flesh meats, grease, and all spices, the taste and appetite would be unimpaired. In its natural state, it might indicate, in a great degree, the food best adapted to the wants of the system. HR DEC.01,1870

    We passed into another room, and spent some time in conversation. Eld. Matteson read and explained portions of Scripture, and we had a season of prayer. An hour or two after dinner it is customary to serve cakes and coffee; our friends, knowing that we did not use the latter, substituted hot water and cream. This we drank from tiny china cups, but we had no need to eat again. We bade our friends farewell, and were conveyed in their carriage back to the home of Bro. Hedin. As is the custom of Scandinavia, the leave-taking was more ceremonious than our reception. – HS 199

    [ Stimulants and Narcotics ] Diseases of every stripe and type have been brought upon human beings by the use of tea and coffee and the narcotics, opium, and tobacco. These hurtful indulgences must be given up, not only one, but all; for all are hurtful, and ruinous to the physical, mental, and moral powers, and should be discontinued from a health standpoint. The common use of the flesh of dead animals has had a deteriorating influence upon the morals as well as the physical constitution. MM 222

    We are to be brought into connection with the masses. Should health reform be taught them in its most extreme form, harm would be done. We ask them to leave off eating meat and drinking tea and coffee. That is well. . . . MM 288

    Will Elder Daniels please make his statements, telling wherein Sister White contradicts her own teachings? I know that he stated that I drank tea, and invited him to drink it, saying it was good for him. Not only myself, but the members of my family, know this to be an untruth. What other things he has stated I cannot determine. But what if someone did use these things contrary to the light of health reform, is it not best to follow the Bible teaching upon temperance, and the light given in testimony? Do you not remember that we have an individual accountability? We do not make articles of diet a test question, but we do try to educate the intellect, and to arouse the moral sensibility to take hold of health reform in an intelligent manner, as Paul presents it in Rom. 13:8-14; 1 Cor. 9:24-27; 1 Tim. 3:8-12. PH028 017

    I have not tested the wine that you claim is not intoxicating. I have perhaps used half a pint in all, taking a spoonful with a raw egg, much as I hate the taste of wine. I would not care, even if I had not solemnly pledged myself not to use wine as a beverage, to make a daily practice of taking even one teaspoonful with a raw egg, for Satan is at work to encourage the use of tea, coffee, wine, and beer, that he may make us dependent upon these things, and encourage our resorting to them frequently, so that our appetite and taste will crave these stimulants. I tell you frankly that you would be much better in nerve and muscle if you made a decided change in your practice, not only in drinking stimulating drinks, but in eating so largely of meat. The animal powers are strengthened by indulgence in these things, and the moral and spiritual powers are overborne. I am not guilty of drinking any tea except red clover top tea, and if I loved wine, tea, and coffee, I would not use these health-destroying narcotics, for I prize health, and I prize a healthful example in all these things. I want to be a pattern of temperance and of good works to others. Will my brother practice as well as preach temperance in all things? If you do this, I do not believe you will be so changeable in your character. Your words will be more select and well chosen. You will not be careless in regard to your conversation. You will not be so depressed at one time and so hilarious at another, acting like a boy in place of an ambassador of Jesus Christ. I am seriously troubled for your soul. I know people are unwise in praising you and extolling you; should they read you as God sees you, they could not do this. I know that when you have apparent success you are elated, and you crave praise; and you get it from many, who, if their hearts were right with God, would not speak one word to flatter you. They would understand that it is not safe to pet and praise you, or any other poor, sinful mortal. The Lord is to be exalted by all his creatures. Finite man is not to attract admiration or praise, but do his work in humility. Ellen White. PH096 055

    Jesus endured the painful fast in our behalf, and conquered Satan in every temptation, thus making it possible for man to conquer in his own behalf, and on his own account, through the strength brought to him by this mighty victory gained as man’s substitute and surety. We thank the Lord that a victory was gained upon these points, even here in Basel; and we hope to carry our brethren and sisters up to a still higher standard to sign the pledge to abstain from Java coffee and the herb that comes from China. We see that there are some who need to take this step in reform. There are some who are nervous, and they should abstain from these nerve-weakening narcotics, that they may place themselves in right relation to the laws of life and health. These injurious stimulants are doing great harm to their nervous system. The machinery of nature is aroused to unwonted activity to be followed by reaction, and the coffee and tea must be used by them to keep up their strength and again urge up their powers. Unnatural activity is the result, and by this continual course of indulgence of appetite the natural vigour of the constitution becomes gradually and imperceptibly impaired. If we would preserve a healthy action of all the powers of the system, nature must not be forced to unnatural action. Nature will stand at her post of duty, and do her work wisely and efficiently, if the false props that have been brought in to take the place of nature are expelled. RH APR.19,1887

    Tea and coffee, as well as tobacco, have an injurious effect upon the system. Tea is intoxicating; though less in degree, its effect is the same in character as that of spirituous liquors. Coffee has a greater tendency to becloud the intellect and benumb the energies. It is not so powerful as tobacco, but is similar in its effects. The arguments brought against tobacco may also be urged against the use of tea and coffee. RH JAN.25,1881

    Those who are in the habit of using tea, coffee, tobacco, opium, or spirituous liquors, cannot worship God when they are deprived of the accustomed indulgence. Let them, while deprived of these stimulants, engage in the worship of God, and divine grace would be powerless to animate, enliven, or spiritualise their prayers or their testimonies. These professed Christians should consider the means of their enjoyment. Is it from above, or from beneath? RH JAN.25,1881

    Many make a mistake in drinking cold water with their meals. Taken with meals water diminishes the flow of the salivary glands; and the colder the water, the greater the injury to the stomach. Ice water or iced lemonade, drank with meals, will arrest digestion until the system has imparted sufficient warmth to the stomach to enable it to take up its work again. Hot drinks are debilitating; and besides, those who indulge in their use become slaves to the habit. Food should not be washed down; no drink is needed with meals. Eat slowly, and allow the saliva to mingle with the food. The more liquid there is taken into the stomach with the meals, the more difficult it is for the food to digest; for the liquid must first be absorbed. Do not eat largely of salt, give up bottled pickles, keep fiery, spiced food out of your stomach, eat fruit with your meals, and the irritation that calls for so much drink will cease to exist. But if anything is needed to quench thirst, pure water drank some little time before or after the meal is all that nature requires. Never take tea, coffee, beer, wine, or any spirituous liquors. Water is the best liquid possible to cleanse the tissues. RH JUL.29,1884

    Tea, coffee, tobacco, and alcohol we must present as sinful indulgences. We cannot place on the same ground, meat, eggs, butter, cheese and such articles placed upon the table. These are not to be borne in front, as the burden of our work. The former–tea, coffee, tobacco, beer, wine, and all spirituous liquors–are not to be taken moderately, but discarded. The poisonous narcotics are not to be treated in the same way as the subject of eggs, butter, and cheese. In the beginning animal food was not designed to be the diet of man. We have every evidence that the flesh of dead animals is dangerous because of disease that is fast becoming universal, because of the curse resting more heavily in consequence of the habits and crimes of man. We are to present the truth. We are to be guarded how to use reason and select those articles of food that will make the very best blood and keep the blood in an unfevered condition.–Manuscript 5, 1881. RH JUN.25,1859

    Men and women, by indulging the appetite in eating rich and highly seasoned foods, especially flesh-meats, with rich gravies, and by using stimulating drinks, as tea and coffee, create unnatural appetites. The system becomes fevered, the organs of digestion are injured, the mental faculties are beclouded, while the baser passions are excited, and predominate over the nobler faculties. The appetite becomes more unnatural, and more difficult of restraint. The circulation of the blood is not equalised, and the blood becomes impure. The whole system is deranged, and the demands of appetite become more unreasonable, craving exciting, hurtful things, until it is thoroughly depraved. RH JUN.27,1899

    “I feel distressed as I look upon our people and know that they are holding very loosely the temperance question. It has been a mystery to me how any of our people with all the light they have had, could manufacture and sell cider. From the light God has given me, every member among us should sign the pledge and be connected with the temperance association. Some have backslidden and tampered with tea and coffee. Those who break the laws of health will become blinded in their minds and break the law of God. We should unite with other people just as far as we can and not sacrifice principle. This does not mean that we should join their lodges and societies, but that we should let them know that we are most heartily in sympathy with the temperance question. We should not work solely for our own people, but should bestow labour also upon noble minds outside of our ranks. We should be at the head in the temperance reform. We want our sisters who are now injuring themselves by wrong habits to put them away and come to the front and be workers in reform. The reason why many of us will fall in the time of trouble is because of laxity in temperance and indulgence of appetite. RH OCT.28,1884

    In the family circle and in the church we should place Christian temperance on an elevated platform. It should be a living, working element, reforming habits, dispositions, and characters. Intemperance lies at the foundation of all the evil in our world. We are altogether too silent upon the subject of Christian temperance. We fail to urge this subject upon Christian parents. Fathers and mothers should be invited, in the fear of the Lord, not only to abstain from all intoxicating beverages, but from tea, coffee, and flesh meat. SAT 214

    I eat only two meals, and can not eat vegetables or grains. I do not use meat: I can not go back on this. When tomatoes, raised on my land were placed on my table, I tried using them, uncooked and seasoned with a little salt or sugar. These I found agreed with me very well, and from last February until June they formed the greater part of my diet. With them I ate crackers, here called biscuits. I eat no dessert but plain pumpkin pie. I use a little boiled milk in my simple home-made coffee, but discard cream and butter and strictly adhere to a limited amount of food. I am scarcely ever hungry, and never know what it is to have a feverish, disagreeable feeling in my stomach. I have no bad taste in my mouth. SPM 039

    Another says, “Sister White drinks tea, and we can drink tea.” Who of my brethren has made that statement? Who has ever heard it of me? I never have tea in my home or set it before anyone. Now I have not eaten any meat for years and years. SPM 169

    In regard to flesh-meat, do not bring it into the Sanitarium. Neither tea nor coffee should be served. Caramel-cereal, made as nicely as possible, should be served in the place of these health-destroying beverages. In regard to the third meal, do not make eating but two meals compulsory. Some do best healthwise when eating three light meals, and when they are restricted to two, they feel the change severely. SPM 214

    I have had five shocks of paralysis, and God, in his mercy, has raised me up, to take my place in the work he has given me to do, and to try to benefit others by my experience. Light was given me, and I saw the reason for my feeble health. I was astonished that I had so long remained in ignorance in regard to the laws of life. My habits were out of harmony with the conditions that are necessary to health. My food had not been of a proper kind to give vitality and strength to the system. It was highly seasoned, and stimulating rather than nutritious. The physicians said that I might die at any time, and I resolved that if I died, I would die in attempting to correct my injurious habits of life. I resolved to place myself on a platform of strictest temperance. I did not use tea or coffee or any kind of intoxicating wine or liquor, so I did not have these habits to overcome; but I had used flesh and spices, eating hearty meals three times a day. I had to educate myself to enjoy the simple, healthful grains and fruits that God has provided for the wants of man. But I found that all the sacrifice I had to make was doubly repaid in renewed health of body and mind. I had used pepper and mustard in my diet; but these should not be put into the human stomach. The delicate membrane becomes inflamed, the healthy tone of the stomach is lowered, and the appetite is perverted, the taste loses its discernment, and the delicious flavours of grains, vegetables, and fruits become insipid and unpalatable. ST FEB.17,1888

    I have been invited here and there to come and take tea with certain families. I was glad to have an opportunity to talk with these friends; but I could not countenance their hurtful practice of tea-drinking, I could not partake of this beverage with them, or give my influence to encourage this unnecessary and injurious habit. After freely partaking, the effects of tea-drinking may be discovered. The face becomes flushed, the eyes brighten, a new vigour is manifested, and the mind seems unnaturally active. Tea is a stimulant, and its exhilarating effects are neither lasting nor beneficial. The same is true of coffee. I have heard people declare that they could not live without their coffee. They were languid and dispirited, and were unfit to take up the tasks of the day, but after they had had their coffee they felt revived and encouraged; but this feeling of strength was only due to the stimulant they had taken. They were, in reality, just as unfit for their tasks as before and had only spurred up their flagging energies. When the influence of coffee had passed away, they were left as much in need of another cup as before they had taken the first cup. ST FEB.17,1888

    .–All these nerve irritants are wearing away the life forces; and the restlessness, the impatience, the mental feebleness caused by shattered nerves, become a warring element, ever working against spiritual progress. Shall Christians bring their appetite under the control of reason, or will they continue its indulgence because they fell so “let down” without it, like the drunkard without his stimulant? Shall not those who advocate temperance reform awake in regard to these injurious things also? And shall not the pledge embrace coffee and tea as hurtful stimulants? — page 442. TE 081

    RETURN TO TOPIC LIST

Caffeine

Our national drink is a caffeinated beverage: tea, coffee or colas. Caffeine is also present in chocolate. Caffeine has many pharmacologic actions in the body, including excitation of the nerves followed by a sort of paralysis or depression. The stomach and bladder are irritated by caffeine and there is widespread interference in various enzyme systems, damage to the chromosomes of the sex cells and other body cells, and many other unwanted actions.

Just as we have a national drink, we also have a national disease–heart disease–which will account for 53% of the deaths in America this year. Heart disease shows a stronger association with coffee drinking than with obesity according to a study done by Dr. Ogelsby Paul of Western Electric Corporation (1). Caffeinism is much more important and widespread a disorder than is generally understood. The disease related to caffeine intake involves every organ system, from the nervous system to the skin. Caffeine raises stress hormone levels in the blood, inhibits important enzyme systems having to do with house cleaning in the body, sensitizes nerve reception sites, and is associated with a sense of poor health, anxiety, and depression (2,3).

Thousands are in mental institutions today because of no greater matter than that of the use of caffeine. Psychiatrists are now publishing articles indicating that there are numerous cases of depression and anxiety in mental institutions who need no other treatment than to be taken off caffeine (4,5). It would seem that with such a simple remedy available many thousands of people could be returned to their full usefulness promptly.

However, the use of caffeine is so traditional and firmly entrenched that it is almost impossible to remove caffeinated drinks from the dietary of patients in the mental institutions. Soft drink machines, coffee dispensers, and the traditional coffee break are common past times in mental institutions, and with those who are mentally ill at home. The first thing that a physician usually mentions to a peptic ulcer patient is that he must leave off caffeinated drinks. Not only peptic ulcer but several other kinds of digestive problems arise from the use of coffee.

Many people find that caffeine drinks cause them to suffer diarrhea followed by constipation. Headaches are common among caffeine users, and often clear up after only a short period of caffeine abstinence–a week or two. Headaches may occur as a caffeine-withdrawal symptom; some people are so sensitive that they get a headache soon after drinking their last cup.

Damage to chromosomes by caffeine has been recognized for years. When LSD was reported to cause chromosomal damage, authorities did not work up much anxiety, because of the fact that LSD is not as potent in producing damage to chromosomes as is caffeine, the drug to which most of our population is addicted. One might ask, “Is such a common habit a real threat to the population-” It certainly is. A study done in Illinois with 550 couples showed a thirteen out of fourteen chance of having an unwanted outcome of pregnancy if as much as seven cups of coffee per day are taken by the pregnant (6). Long before seven cups had been consumed, coffee was beginning to injure the pregnancy. Those who want good babies and easy pregnancies should use absolutely no caffeine before, during or after pregnancy, since caffeine can damage the chromosomes of the ova and spermatozoa, as well as the chromosomes of the developing embryo during pregnancy.

Any substance that can damage chromosomes can also cause an increase in the rate of cancer. Bladder cancer in women is 2 1/2 times more likely to occur if a woman drinks only one cup of coffee per day (7). There are already several cancers that are known to be more common if one uses caffeine.

Since caffeine first stimulates the nerves than causes depression, presence of fatigue in those who use caffeinated drinks is common. It is a fact that the commonest complaint in physicians’ offices today is that of fatigue. Yet, many people mistakenly believe that coffee helps them get through a difficult day. In addition to fatigue, mental confusion and depression also result from the use of caffeinated drinks. While caffeine drinks cause an immediate increase in the learning ability, the overall result is a decrease in learning; the physical fatigue resulting from pharinacologic depression of the nervous system produces emotional depression, leading to a reduction of interest in and retention of new material.

We recommend that all students leave off caffeinated drinks in order to increase learning ability. If caffeine is taken at night, it interferes with the mechanism the brain has of transferring freshly learned material from the short-term memory to the long-term memory. In summary, we can say that the overall effect of caffeine on learning is deleterious.

    Science Digest, October, 1963

    Greden, John F. M.D. et al. Anxiety and Depression Associated with Caffeinism Among Psychiatric Inpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:8, Aug 1978.

    Bellet, Samuel. Effects of Coffee Ingestion on Catecholamine Release.

    Winstead, Daniel K. M.D. Coffee Consumption Among Psychiatric Inpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:12, December, 1976.

    Greden, John F. M.D. Anxiety of Caffeinism: A diagnostic dilemma. American Journal of Psychiatry 131:10, October, 1974.

    Miscarriage and the Coffee Connection. Science News October 25, 1975 page 267.

    The Medical Effects of Coffee. Medical World News January 26, 1976 page 63-73.

Effects of Caffeine and Coffee on Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Crohn’s Disease, & Colitis

Reviewed by Meri Rafetto, RD, Theresa Grumet, RD, and Gerri French, RD, MS, CDE.

© 2004 Teeccino Caffé, Inc.

The prevalence today of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis among the adult population is linked to causative factors from both stress and diet. Twenty percent of adults are estimated to be suffering from IBS alone with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence and constipation and/or loose stools. Certain foods including: caffeine, coffee, decaffeinated coffee, insoluble fiber, alcohol, chocolate, hot spices, carbonated drinks and foods high in fat can trigger IBS symptoms. 1,2,3

Additionally, certain food intolerances may trigger IBS like dairy products and gluten containing grains. As many as 1.4 million 4 people in the United States suffer from inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD); a state of intestinal inflammation so severe that the disease interferes with their nutritional status and their ability to absorb nutrients in the intestinal tract. A common characteristic of those suffering from Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis is a compromised ability to properly digest and absorb necessary nutrients, leading to deficiencies. People suffering from IBS, Crohn’s disease and colitis find that making certain dietary changes can be very helpful to relieve symptoms and prevent recurrence.

Of all the dietary habits that people find difficult to change, coffee drinking is one of the most challenging because it is so entrenched in cultural habits and caffeine addiction. 5 Withdrawal symptoms can involve painful headaches, nausea, vomiting, and loose stools. 6 People whose health problems would be ameliorated if they gave up coffee can improve their chance for successfully quitting coffee if they have both a satisfying alternative and a method to slowly decrease their caffeine intake to reduce withdrawal symptoms.

The following characteristics of coffee have an adverse effect on the intestinal tract: Coffee Stimulates the Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract to Overactivityo Coffee produces a laxative effect in susceptible people through stimulation of rectosigmoid motor activity, as soon as four minutes after drinking. Even modest doses of coffee can have this effect, whether or not the body is ready to dispose of the feces, resulting in loose stools. Studies show that decaffeinated coffee has a similar stimulant effect on the GI tract proving that the laxative effect is not only due to caffeine. 7,8,9

Coffee Elevates Stress Hormones

o

Caffeine in coffee elevates the stress hormones cortisol, epinephrine (also known as

adrenaline) and norepinephrine.

10,11,12

These hormones are responsible for increased

heart rate, increased blood pressure, and a sense of “emergency alert”. Blood is

diverted from the digestive system which can cause indigestion. The circulation of

oxygen to the brain and extremities is decreased and the immune system is

suppressed.

o

The purpose of this “fight or flight” response is to provide the body with a temporary

energy boost for intense physical activity. With today’s sedentary lifestyle, the

2of 6 pages

continual state of increased stress resulting from caffeine consumption can affect

health especially in those types of disorders like IBS and IBD that are sensitive to

stress, particularly because neural control of the gastrointestinal tract is affected by

stress and emotions.

13,14,15

The Acidity of Coffee Irritates the Intestines

o

Coffee is highly acidic and it can stimulate the hypersecretion of gastric acids.

Decaffeinated coffee has been shown to increase acidity to a greater degree than

either regular coffee or caffeine alone.

16

Both caffeine and coffee stimulate gastric

acid secretion and decaffeinated coffee raises serum gastrin levels.

17,18

A study

comparing the effect of decaffeinated coffee on gastric acid secretion and gastrin

levels to high protein meals, which normally stimulate high acid production, found

that decaffeinated coffee was a more powerful stimulant of acid secretion and gastrin

release than the meals.

19

o

Coffee tends to speed up the process of gastric emptying, which may result in highly

acidic stomach contents passing into the small intestine too soon. This may lead to

injury of the intestinal tissue.

20

Coffee Decreases Magnesium Absorption

o

Magnesium is one of the most plentiful minerals in the body and plays an essential

role in more than 300 cellular reactions. When magnesium is low in the body, it will

be pulled from cells to maintain plasma concentration, so magnesium deficiencies are

difficult to detect. Adequate magnesium is important for maintaining bowel regularity

and magnesium is often used to produce a laxative effect in constipation. For people

suffering from irritation of the mucous membranes within the colon present in

irritable bowel disease, the presence of adequate dietary magnesium is essential.

Magnesium is necessary for stable collagen formation in connective and epithelial

tissue.

21

It is also a crucial mineral for the biochemical processes involved in wound

healing,

22

making it vital to healing the irritated lining of the colon in IBS.

Caffeine Acts as a Diuretic

o

The diuretic effect of caffeine causes excretion of fluid through the kidneys, which

can lead to dehydration. Since water is an important part of the digestion and

elimination process, dehydration due to excess caffeine intake may produce hard

stools that are difficult to pass leading to constipation.

23

Caffeine Interferes with GABA Metabolism

o

GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid) is a neurotransmitter that is naturally produced in

the brain and the GI tract. It plays an important role in mood and stress management

and it exerts a calming effect on the GI tract.

o

Caffeine has been found to interfere with binding of GABA to GABA receptors,

preventing it from performing its calming function.

24

In cases of IBS, ulcerative

colitis, and other lower digestive disorders in which the lower GI tract is already

irritated and often hyperactive, the lack of GABA’s effect only further exacerbates

the problem. In addition to the direct effect on the GI tract, GABA’s role in stress

management is also compromised in the presence of caffeine since psychological

stress is known to be a contributing factor in IBS.

25,26

3of 6 pages

Recommendation:

Based on the unfavorable effects that coffee and caffeine have been shown to have on the GI tract,

anyone suffering from gastrointestinal disorders should consider eliminating coffee drinking and any

caffeine intake from other dietary sources. In the case of IBS, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis,

the lower GI tract is already irritated and hypersensitive. Dietary changes that include weaning off of

coffee and all other sources of caffeine can help relieve symptoms of these disorders.

27

Nutritional

professionals can support people with bowel disorders who are changing their coffee drinking habits

through the processing of substituting a non-caffeinated, soothing, alkaline herbal coffee that brews

and tastes just like coffee.

Kicking the Caffeine Habit:

The social prevalence of coffee drinking and the addictive side effects of caffeine can cause

problems with patient compliance. Caffeine-free herbal coffee marketed under the brand name of

Teeccino

®

helps coffee drinkers replace their regular or decaf coffee with a satisfying alternative.

Coffee drinkers need a dark, full-bodied, robust brew to help satisfy their coffee craving. Teeccino

satisfies the 4 needs coffee drinkers require in a coffee alternative:

1)

Teeccino brews just like coffee, allowing coffee drinkers to keep their same brewing

ritual.

2)

It has a delicious, deep roasted flavor that is very coffee-like.

3)

It wafts an enticing aroma.

4)

People experience a natural energy boost from nutritious Teeccino.

4of 6 pages

Teeccino offers the following health benefits to people suffering from gastrointestinal and lower GI

tract disorders:

The Pain-free Way to Wean off of Coffee

Start by mixing normal coffee 3/4 to 1/4 Teeccino Herbal Coffee. Gradually reduce the percentage

of coffee over a two to three week period until only 100% Teeccino Herbal Coffee is brewed.

Gradual reduction of caffeine is recommended.

28

Side effects such as headaches, fatigue, and brain

fogginess can be avoided as the body gradually adjusts to less reliance on stimulants.

Example:

Use the following proportions if you make a 10-cup pot of coffee daily:

DAY Regular Coffee Teeccino

Day 1-3:

4 tablespoons 1 tablespoon

Day 4-6:

3 tablespoons 2 tablespoons

Day 7-9:

2 tablespoons 3 tablespoons

Day 10:

1 1/2 tablespoons 3 1/2 tablespoons

Day 11:

1 tablespoon 4 tablespoons

Beneficial Features of Teeccino

Inulin fiber from chicory

Unlike coffee, Teeccino has nutritional

value, including inulin, a soluble fiber

that helps support a healthy population

of beneficial microflora

Inulin improves mineral absorption

Naturally Caffeine-free

No chemical processing like decaf coffee

65 mg of Potassium

Teeccino is a source of potassium, an

electrolyte mineral that is often

deficient especially in those suffering

from diarrhea disorders.

Potassium in liquid form is easily

absorbed to help relieve muscle, mental

and nervous fatigue.

Alkaline – helps reduce acidity

As opposed to acidic coffee, Teeccino

is alkaline, which is makes digestion

more efficient in terms of enzyme

function in the small intestine.

Gluten Free

Gluten does not extract into boiling

water. Tests show Teeccino is gluten

free although it contains barley

.

Teeccino Ingredients

:

28,29,30,31

Carob

An herb that has long been used for

various diarrhea disorders due to its

anti-diarrheal properties.

Barley

Has a soothing effect on the GI tract

and has been used to treat diarrhea,

gastritis and inflammatory bowel

conditions.

Chicory root

Used to treat abdominal cramps,

vomiting, and diarrhea.

Contains inulin fiber.

Almond

The high tannin content of almonds has

an anti-diarrheal effect. Also useful for

treating other gastric complaints and

gastritis.

Figs

Mucilages and pectin within the fruit

make it useful for treating diarrhea. In

China, figs are commonly used for

dysentery and enteritis.

A good source of potassium.

Dates

In Indian medicine, traditionally used

for relief of gastric complaints.

Contain some potassium.

5of 6 pages

Day 12-13:

1/2 tablespoon 4 1/2 tablespoons

Day 14:

05

tablespoons

References

1

NIH Publication No. 03-4686, copyright 2003.

2

Simren, M., Mansson, A., Langkilde, A.M., Svedlund, J., Abrahamsson, H., Bengtsson, U. and E.S.

Bjornsson. Food-related gastrointestinal symptoms in the irritable bowel syndrome. Digestion.

2001;63(2):108-15.

3

Russel M.G., L.G. Engels, J.W. Muris, C.B. Limonard, A. Volovics, R.J. Brummer, R.W. Stockbrugger.

  1. Modern life in the epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease: a case-control study with special

emphasis on nutritional factors. European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mar;10(3):243-9.

4

Loftus, E.V. Jr. 2004. Clinical epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease: Incidence, prevalence, and

environmental influences. Gastroenterology, May;126(6):1504-17.

5

Braun, S. Buzz: The Science and Lore of Alcohol and Caffeine. Copyright 1996.

6

Strain, E.C., G.K. Mumford, K. Silverman, and R.R. Griffiths. 1994. Caffeine dependence syndrome.

Journal of the American Medical Association, 272:1043-1048.

7

Brown S.R., P.A. Cann, and N.W. Read. 1990. Effect of Coffee on Distal Colon Function. Gut,

Apr;31(4):450-3.

8

Rao, S.S., Welcher, K., Zimmermn, B. and Stumbo 1998. Is coffee a colonic stimulant? European journal of

gastroenterology & hepatology. 10(2):113-8.

9

Boekema, P.J., Samsom, M., van Berge Henegouwen, G.P. and A.J. Smout. 1999. Coffee and

gastrointestinal function: facts and fiction. A review. Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. Supplement.

230:35-9.

10

Robertson, D., Frolich, J.C., Carr, R.K., Watson, J.T., Hollifield, J.W., Shand, D.G. and J.A. Oates. 1978.

Effects of caffeine on plasma renin activity, catecholamines and blood pressure. New England Journal of

Medicine. 298(4):181-6.

11

Lane, J.D., Adcock, R.A., Williams, R.B. and C.M. Kuhn. 1990. Caffeine effects on cardiovascular and

neuroendocrine responses to acute psychosocial stress and their relationship to level of habitual caffeine

consumption. Psychosomatic Medicine. 52(3):320-36.

12

Lane, J.D. 1994. Neuroendrocine Responses to Caffeine in the Work Environment. Psychosomatic

Medicine. 546:267-70.

13

Dapoigny, M., R.W. Stockbrugger, F. Azpiroz, S. Collins, G. Coremans, S. Muller-Lissner, A. Oberndorff, F.

Pace, A. Smout, M. Vatn, and P. Whorwell. 2003. Role of Alimentation on Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Digestion, 67(4):225-33.

14

Simren, M., A. Mansson, A.M. Langkilde, J. Svedlund, H. Abrahamsson, U. Bengtsson, and E.S. Bjornsson.

  1. Food-related gastrointestinal symptoms in the irritable bowel syndrome. Digestion, 63(2):108-15.

15

Mulak, A. and B. Bonaz. 2004. Irritable bowel syndrome: a model of the brain-gut interactions. Medical

Science Monitor : International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research 10(4):RA55-62.

16

Cohen, S. and Booth, G.H. Jr. 1975. Gastric acid secretion and lower-esophageal-sphincter pressure in

response to coffee and caffeine. New England Journal of Medicine. 293(18):897-9.

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17

Coffey, R.J., Go, V.L., Zinsmeister, A.R. and DiMagno, E.P. 1986. The acute effects of coffee and caffeine

on human interdigestive exocrine pancreatic secretion. Pancreas. 1(1):55-61.

18

Borger HW, Schafmayer A, Arnold R, Becker HD, Creutzfeldt W. 1976. The influence of coffee and caffeine

on gastrin and acid secretion in man. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift. 101(12):455-7.

19

Feldman EJ, Isenberg JI, Grossman MI. 1981. Gastric acid and gastrin response to decaffeinated coffee

and a peptone meal. JAMA. 246(3):248-50.

20

  1. Glatzel and K. Hackenberg, Effects of Caffeine Containing and Decaffeinated Coffee on the Digestive

Functions: X-ray Studies of the Secretion and Peristalsis of Stomach, Intestines and Gallbladder,

Medizinische Klinik, April 21, 1967;62(16):625-28.

21

Vaxman, F., Olender, S., Lambert, A., Nisand, G. and Grenier, J.F. 1996. Can the wound healing process

be improved by vitamin supplementation? Experimental study on humans. European Surgical Research.

28(4): 306-14.

22

Utley, R. 1992. Nutritional factors associated with wound healing in the elderly. Ostomy Wound

Management, 38(3):22, 24, 26-7.

23

R.R. Babb, Coffee, Sugars, and Chronic Diarrhea: Why a Dietary History Is Important, Postgraduate

Medicine, June 1984;75(8):82

24

Roca, D.J., G.D. Schiller, and D.H. Farb. 1988. Chronic Caffeine or

Theophylline Exposure Reduces

Gamma-aminobutyric Acid/Benzodiazepine Receptor Site Interactions. Molecular Pharmacology,

May;33(5):481-85.

25

Lea, R. and Whorwell, P.J. 2004. Psychological influences on the irritable bowel syndrome. Minerva

Medica. 95(5):443-50.

26

Lea R, Whorwell PJ. 2003. New insights into the psychosocial aspects of irritable bowel syndrome. Current

Gastroenterology Reports. 5(4):343-50.

27

Cherniske, S. Caffeine Blues: Wake Up to the Hidden Dangers of America’s #1 Drug. Copyright 1998.

28

Silverman, K., Evans, S.M., Strain, E.C. and Griffiths, R.R. 1992 Withdrawl Syndrome after the Double-

Blind Cessation of Caffeine Consumption. The New England Journal of Medicine. 16(327): 1109-14.

28

. Fetrow, C.W. and J.R. Avila. Professional’s Handbook of Complementary and Alternative Medicines.

Second Edition. Copyright 2001.

29.

Murray, M., and J. Pizzorno. Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, Revised Second Edition. Copyright 1998.

30.

Physicians Desk Reference for Herbal Medicines. Second Edition. Copyright 2000.

31.

Roehl, E. Whole Foods Facts: The Complete Reference Guide. Copyright 1996.

Further  evidence  comes  from  studies  showing  decreases  in  feelings  of

friendliness (Jones et al., 2002), energetic arousal (Robelin and Rogers, 1998; Evans and Griffiths,

1999), and hedonic tone (Phillips-Bute and Lane, 1997; Evans and Griffiths, 1999) when regular

users are deprived of caffeine.

C

OMPLICATIONS

AND

 C

AVEATS

Although numerous studies support the positive effects of caffeine on mood, high doses of the drug

can  produce  negative  mood  state  effects.  Studies  suggest  that  caffeine  in  high  doses  increases

anxiety (Green and Suls, 1996; Sicard et al., 1996), tense arousal (Penetar et al., 1993), and negative

mood state more generally (Silverman and Griffiths, 1992; Brauer et al., 1994; Liguori et al., 1997).

Reports of negative affect at high doses are further supported by multiple-dose studies showing an

inverted U-shaped relationship, in which positive affect shows a small dose-response relationship

up to a point, with further dosage increases producing more negative mood states (Quinlan et al.,

2000). This observation is consistent with our multidimensional arousal model (Smith et al., 1999;

Mann et al., 2002).

If some doses of caffeine produce positive and others negative moods, one obvious issue is the

dosage at which the change takes place. Lieberman (1992) suggested that positive effects appear

to  occur  up  to  about  300  mg,  then  negative  effects  above  that. This  estimate  of  the  peak  of  the

inverted-U function would appear to be quite reasonable for the average study participant. However,

other  research  points  to  substantial  individual  differences  in  caffeine  sensitivity  (Silverman  and

Griffiths, 1992; Mumford et al., 1994) and therefore in the response to a given dose of the drug.

One study, for example, showed that subjects who chose to receive a high dose of caffeine reported

an increase in positive affect, whereas those who chose not to receive the caffeine reported negative

mood  changes  when  the  drug  was  administered  (Stern  et  al.,  1989). Anecdotally,  participants  in

our laboratory occasionally refuse consent because they believe they are highly sensitive to caffeine.

These individual differences in responses to the drug may well reflect the genetic underpinnings

of caffeine sensitivity and preference noted above. In addition, personal history of caffeine con-

sumption may influence current responses to the drug.

Overall, it appears that low doses of caffeine tend to improve mood states and that high doses

are associated with negative affective change. Mood alteration in either direction may be influenced

by the individual’s arousal state at the time of drug administration, with lower preexisting arousal

levels yielding larger drug effects. If the dose is “moderate” (with doses somewhat variable from

study  to  study),  individual  differences  in  caffeine  sensitivity  very  likely  play  a  more  substantial

role in determining the positive or negative mood effects of the drug.

CAFFEINE ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

As the most widely used psychoactive drug in the world, caffeine has considerable potential for

abuse. Its adenosine receptor-mediated effects on the central nervous system serve to establish it

as potentially addictive (Gilliland and Bullock, 1984; Nehlig, 1999; Griffiths and Chausmer, 2000),

and the well-documented behavioral reinforcing properties of the drug further increase that prob-

ability (Griffiths and Chausmer, 2000). Caffeine displays both positive reinforcing characteristics,

exemplified  by  the  temporary  enhancement  of  cognitive  performance  (Ryan  et  al.,  2002),  and

negative reinforcing attributes, seen in its ability to relieve withdrawal symptoms (Bernstein et al.,

2002). Both the powerful stimulant properties of caffeine and its abuse potential have peaked the

interest of many scientists and led to the conduct of extensive research focused on the role of the

drug in physiology and behavior, including that involved in psychopathology. As one indication of

this escalating empirical effort, a search of Medline reveals a total of 1094 publications between

1971  and  1980,  4743  between  1981  and  1990,  and  6476  between  1991  and  2000.  By  way  ofcomparison, this latter number is higher than those for marijuana (2704), amphetamine (5683), or

heroin (2991).

C

AFFEINE

 D

EPENDENCE

In the

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders — Fourth Edition

 (DSM-IV; American

Psychiatric Association, 1994), a diagnosis of substance abuse includes substance-related occupa-

tional,  interpersonal,  social,  and  psychological  consequences.  Dependence  criteria  include  toler-

ance, withdrawal, a strong desire or unsuccessful attempt to stop usage, spending a great deal of

time with the drug, using more than intended, use despite knowledge of harm, and foregoing other

activities  to  use. The

International  Classification  of  Diseases  — Tenth  Revision

  (ICD-10; World

Health Organization, 1992) uses the term

harmful use

 instead of

abuse

 and classifies it as a pattern

of use that is health-damaging. Its dependence criteria overlap with those in the DSM-IV but also

include  a  “compulsive  use”  criterion.  Despite  these  formal  definitions  of  the  terms

abuse

  and

dependence

,  the  terms  are  often  used  interchangeably  in  the  literature  (Griffiths  et  al.,  1996;

Holtzman, 1990).

This information has been provided to inform and educate trade customers and professionals only. It is

not intended for use to diagnose, treat or cure disease; nor to provide medical advice. If in doubt con-

sult a qualified practitioner.

Copyright © Natures Aid Limited. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced,

stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photo-

copying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Natures Aid Limited.

Green Coffee

The  term  “Green  coffee”  refers  to  the  raw  or  unroasted  seeds  (beans)  of  Coffea

fruits. Green coffee beans are cleaned, dried, roasted, ground, and brewed to pro-

duce the coffee that we are all familiar with. Coffee plants originated in Ethiopia prior

to spreading around the Arabian Peninsula over 1,000 years ago. The two most com-

monly  produced  varieties  of  coffee  are  the  Arabica  and  the  Robusta  varieties  and

coffee beans are now grown around the World from South America to India.

Benefits of Green Coffee

Weight Loss – green coffee appears to inhibit the release of glucose in the body and

this in turn lowers fat levels in the body starting with the liver which is a vital organ in

the  battle  against  weight.  A  study  on  green  coffee  in  the  Diabetes,  Metabolic  Syn-

drome  and  Obesity  Journal,  following  sixteen  adults  over  a  twelve  week  period,

showed an average seventeen pound weight loss, with a 16% reduction in their fat

levels.

Properties

The key component in green coffee is chlorogenic acid, a compound with antioxidant

activity, which is known to slow down the release of glucose into the bloodstream fol-

lowing a meal. Chlorogenic acid has an extremely bitter taste and is removed from

the bean in the roasting process used to produce coffee for drinking purposes.

Contra-indications/Precautions

Green coffee should not be taken by those with Type 1 diabetes and should only be

used by Type 2 diabetics on medication with their doctors’ approval. Not suitable for

use during pregnancy or lactation. Not suitable for anyone under the age of 18.

Why Choose Natures Aid Green Coffee?

Each Natures Aid Green Coffee tablet contains 200mg of Svetol

®

,  a decaffeinated

green coffee bean extract (Coffea canephora robusta Pierre). Svetol

®

inhibits glucose

-6-phosphatase (reducing glucose liberation from the liver) and increases fat release

from the adipose tissue (scientifically tested) plus its efficacy on weight management

has been clinically proven. The tablets are suitable for vegans and vegetarians.

KOFEINA

Według profesora Scharffenberga z Uniwersytetu Loma Linda w Kalifornii, „kawa powoduje raka pęcherza, raka trzustki i podnosi poziom cholesterolu, a oprócz tego, nie tylko kawa, ale także herbata, pepsi cola, cola i czekolada przyczyniają się do powstawania raka piersi” (J. A. Scharffenberg, „Cancer Prevention”). „Nadmierne przyjmowanie metyloksantyn, związków, do których należy kofeina (w kawie), teofilina (w herbacie) i teobromina (w czekoladzie), ma związek z chorobami prostaty oraz zmianami włóknistotorbielowatymi w gruczołach piersiowych” (dr E. Mindell, „Biblia Bezpiecznej Żywności”, str. 96). Na Uniwersytecie w Minton (USA), przeprowadzono bardzo ciekawe doświadczenie z grupą czterdziestu sześciu kobiet, u których stwierdzono guzy piersi. Lekarze polecili im, aby zrezygnowały ze spożycia kawy, herbaty, pepsi coli, coli i czekolady, gdyż wszystkie te artykuły spożywcze posądzane są o właściwości rakotwórcze. Dziewiętnaście spośród tych czterdziestu sześciu kobiet z guzami piersi zastosowało się do zaleceń lekarzy i przestało spożywać w/w produkty. Potwierdzeniem eliminacji tych szkodliwych używek był charakterystyczny w takiej sytuacji objaw, polegający na tym, że po upływie dwudziestu czterech godzin wszystkie pacjentki zaczęły odczuwać bóle głowy. Bóle te utrzymywały się przez jeden tydzień a potem ustąpiły. Wynik tego doświadczenia był zaskakujący i przeszedł najśmielsze oczekiwania lekarzy, gdyż zaledwie po upływie od dwóch do sześciu miesięcy u trzynastu na dziewiętnaście tych kobiet nastąpił zanik guza piersi! U trzech spośród pozostałych sześciu, guzy piersi zniknęły po upływie jednego i pół roku, dlatego że te pacjentki wcześniej paliły dodatkowo papierosy, i mimo że przestały także palić, na efekt musiały czekać znacznie dłużej niż te, które wcześniej były wolne od tego nałogu. Z doświadczenia tego wynika, że na dziewiętnaście pacjentek z guzami piersi aż u szesnastu nastąpiło całkowite wyleczenie. W przypadku zaś tej drugiej grupy, liczącej dwadzieścia siedem kobiet, które nadal spożywały kawę, herbatę, pepsi colę, colę i czekoladę, guz piersi zniknął w przypadku tylko jednej osoby.

W Stanach Zjednoczonych wykazano, że osoby pijące więcej niż jedną filiżankę kawy dziennie narażone były na dwa razy większe ryzyko zachorowania na raka pęcherza. Statystyczna analiza przeprowadzona wśród adwentystów wykazała, że ci, którzy pili kawę narażali się na dwukrotnie większe prawdopodobieństwo zachorowania na raka pęcherza oraz raka jelita grubego w porównaniu z adwentystami w ogóle nie pijącymi kawy. Według badań przeprowadzonych na Uniwersytecie w Harvardzie, duży związek z piciem kawy ma rak jelita grubego. Kawa, papierosy i alkohol mogą wzmagać produkcję gastryny i cholecystokininy, które mocno stymulują do rozrostu włóknistą tkankę łączną trzustki, co może doprowadzić do raka lub przynajmniej uniemożliwić leczenie tej choroby. Kawa zwiększa także w organizmie wytwarzanie nitrozoaminy – jednego z najbardziej rakotwórczych związków.

Niestety, według profesora Scharffenberga, także „kawa bezkofeinowa, , powoduje raka, a poziom cholesterolu podnosi nawet bardziej niż kawa z kofeiną”. Doświadczenia przeprowadzone na zwierzętach wykazały, że trójchloroetylen stosowany w celu usunięcia kofeiny może być tu czynnikiem rakotwórczym. Z tego powodu trójchloroetylen zastąpiono chlorkiem metylu. Okazało się jednak po pewnym czasie, że i ten związek prowadzi do powstawania wiązań węglowo-chlorkowych, typowych dla wielu toksycznych insektycydów. Według dr Agathy Trash, „kawa jest często przyczyną stanów lękowych. Wszystkie napoje zawierające kofeinę (kawa, herbata, cola, czekolada oraz niektóre leki) powinny być wyeliminowane” (dr A. Trash „Alergia Pokarmowa”, s. 78).

Powyższe informacje świadczą o tym, że aby ograniczyć ryzyko zachorowania na raka lub mieć większą nadzieję na wyleczenie się z tej choroby należy całkowicie zrezygnować z picia kawy. Nie powinno to stanowić dużego problemu, tym bardziej, że istnieje wiele innych napojów takich jak: kawa sojowa czy zbożowa, które są smaczne i nieszkodliwe. Jeśli zaś chodzi o środki, które zamiast kawy mogłyby podnieść zbyt niskie ciśnienie, to najlepsze wyniki w tym wypadku przynosi picie herbaty z liści rozmarynu z dodatkiem około dziesięciu kropli nalewki z arniki, kapsułki czy nalewka z korzenia żeń-szenia oraz regularne, energiczne ćwiczenia fizyczne, co może ożywić i pobudzić organizm lepiej niż kawa, i co bardzo ważne, nie powoduje raka, a wręcz przeciwnie nawet przed nim chroni.